词汇学习 Word study

1.instruct vt.

(1)指导,教,传授:
Children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age.
儿童在很小的时候就可以开始学习游泳。

Dan instructs chemistry at a nearby college.
丹在附近的一所学院教化学。

(2)指示,命令,吩咐:
The doctor instructed Jimmy to stay in bed for a week.
医生嘱咐吉米卧床一星期。

I've been instructed to give you this parcel.
我奉命将这个包裹交给您。

2.compete vi.

(1)比赛,对抗(通常与 with或 against连用):
The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool.
孩子们比赛看谁先到达游泳池的另一端。

How many people will compete in the race?
有多少人参加这个比赛?

During the singing contest, Mary competed with Helen for the first prize.
在歌咏比赛中,玛丽与海伦争夺一等奖。

(2)匹敌,比得上,媲美(通常与with连用,多用于否定句):
Hugh's house can't compete with yours.
休的房子比不上你的。

None of his later books can compete with his first one.
他后来的书没有一本能比得上第一本。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.关键句型练习答案

1 of                       2 of…to                      3 to…from

4 on…on                5 from…with                6 to…of

7 with…on              8 with…to                   9 to…with

10 at…on              11 of…for                   12 in / with

13 in                    14 to…in…with            15 of…to

16 of                    17 for                       18 of…to

19 for…for             20 on…in                   21 of…about

22 to                    23 for/ about…at/by   24 in

25 of…of               26 to…of                   27 for

28 to                    29 on                       30 on…of

31 to                    32 to/with…of            33 to…to

34 from…of           35 in…on

2.多项选择题答案

1a 2b       3c 4b         5a 6d
7a 8c       9d 10a      11b 12c