Passage 2 开放性创新
Recently there has been growing attention to the concept of open innovation, both among research institutions and business community. What is open innovation? This is what I am going to address at today's forum. As new start-up companies enter the market in large number, existing companies have to work harder to retain customers, so, what is the answer for companies feeling the pressure? It is a new business model, whereby companies use external technology, solutions, and knowledge from start-ups, universities, and other research organizations early in their innovation process. This concept allows companies to bring in new ideas quickly, to enhance their competitiveness. It can also save time and money.
It is a new business model, whereby companies use external technology, solutions, and knowledge from start-ups, universities, and other research organizations early in their innovation process.
注意这种句子当中的，关系副词比较少见，学生在日常当中要注意之类的关系副词，比如，thereafter, whereas, thereby, whence, notwithstanding, nonetheless等等，以免在听的过程当中，失去方向.
This concept is open innovation, which means shifting from a model of closed innovation, toward a more open way of innovating. Traditionally, new business development processes and the creating of a new product took place within the boundary of company itself. However, several factors have weakened the closed innovation. First of all, the mobility of highly educated company employees has increased over the years, as a result large amounts of new knowledge and expertise exist on the open market. When employees get jobs in other companies, they take their knowledge with them. And this enables knowledge to flow between companies.
Secondly. The availability of a venture capital on the market has increased significantly, which makes it possible for good ideas and technologies, to be further developed outside the company through licensing agreements. As a result companies have started to look for new ways to increase the effectiveness of their innovation processes outside their boundaries. They actively search new technologies outside of the firm and engage in cooperation with suppliers and even competitors to create customer value。another important reason is that a company wants to sell to other companies technology it has developed that do not fit the development strategy of itself.
The availability of a venture capital on the market has increased significantly, which makes it possible for good ideas and technologies, to be further developed outside the company through licensing agreements.如上文所述，这一句当中的“风险投资”和“许可协议”都属于新经济时代常用表达，如果学生注意积累，难度应当不大，而availability 这类的词汇的处理也属于常用技巧范围，类似的词还有“accessibility”/”vulnerability”/”elasticity”都可以根据上下文调整为主谓结构，做到文从字顺。
What then does open innovation work for Chinese companies? in the first place the shift that I have described means the Chinese companies have to become aware of increasing importance of open innovation, the concept of the open innovation is based on the following principles: if you can acquire the best ideas in an open market environment, you will win. External research and development, in many cases, can create greater value than internal research and development. A company doesn't have to originate research when the technology want is available in the open market. leading companies around the world are already using the concept of open innovation because they realize that bringing in new ideas from small businesses is much smarter than fighting them. The value of cooperation exceeds the threat of sharing information,
leading companies around the world are already using the concept of open innovation because they realize that bringing in new ideas from small businesses is much smarter than fighting them.这一句子主干是一个主从复合句，原因状语because后接一个比较结构，中间存在代词的指代用法，可谓一波三折，在处理时要听准关系，小心应对，才能获得成功。
My company is such a bridge maker. , we have rich experience promoting open innovation and we are uniquely positioned to assist Chinese companies in achieving open innovation, by lowering their risk and improving their success. for example, we’ve helped a major Chinese company adopted a long term open innovation strategy by identifying and introducing the emerging technologies that suits its business model. , we're ready to share our business experience and expertise, with Chinese company, and I’m sure this will help you stay ahead of others in the fierce international market,
we are uniquely positioned这一表达可以考虑翻成名词。