• 语法 | 宾语从句的同源宾语

    宾语从句中有一种特殊的宾语,即同源宾语。那么同源宾语究竟是什么呢?小编给同学们作了详细了解析,一起来看看吧!   同源宾语(Cognate Object)定义 少数不及物动词能带一个在词根上与动词相同或相近意义的宾语,即同源宾语 1. 能带同源宾语的动词有:lead, live, die, sleep, dream, breathe, smile, laugh, fight, run, sing等。 Under the leadership of the Party, the peasants are living a happy life. 在党的领导下,农民过着幸福的生活。 I dreamed a terrible dream last night. 昨晚我做了个可怕的梦。 Our soldiers fought a wonderful fight against the floods last August. 上个八月份,我们的士兵抗击洪水,打了一场漂亮仗。 He died a heroic death.   2. 同源宾语前面可带形容词作定语。这时,“动词+定语+同源宾语”的结构在意义上相当于“动词+与定语意义相同的状语”。二者相比,前者语气更强一些。  We slept a comfortable sleep last night.  (= We slept comfortably last night.) Professor Smith died a sudden death last Wednesday. (= Professor Smith died suddenly last Wednesday.) 注意:同源宾语前面通常带有定语。 fight a good fight         breathe a deep breath laugh a foolish laugh      smile a forced smile 3. 同源宾语的修饰语是形容词最高级或含有最高级意义时,该同源宾语常可以省去。 You should run your fastest(race). The old man breathed his last(breath)this morning.   同学们有没有理解同源宾语的含义和用法呢?这是学好宾语从句的关键哦,赶快收藏起来吧~

    2017-08-25

    宾语从句

  • 语法 | 宾语从句的双宾结构及同源宾语

    宾语有直接宾语和间接宾语之分。即指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语,这两个宾语统称为"双宾语"。下面,小编为同学们收集、整宾语有直接宾语和间接宾语之分。即指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语,这两个宾语统称为"双宾语理了一系列的宾语从句的双宾语结构相关的语法知识,一起来看看吧!   一.双宾语 有些及物动词可接两个宾语(双宾语),即指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语。 1. 常用句型为   主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语。 Give me a cup of tea, please. 请给我一杯茶。 You don’t need to show him how to do it. 你不需要告诉他怎么做。 He has told me where they lives. 他还告诉我他们住在哪里。 2. 下面几种情况,通常要用介词to或for引起的短语: 1). 当直接宾语是人称代词(it/them)时。如:        The watch is Li Lei's. Please give it to him. 手表是李磊的。请把它给他。 2). 当强调间接宾语时。如:        Mother cooks breakfast for us every day. 母亲每天都为我们做早饭。 3). 当间接宾语比直接宾语长时。如:        On the bus, he often gives his seat to an old person. 在公共汽车上,他经常把座位让给老人。   4) 由to连接间接宾语的动词有:give, lend, bring, show, tell, write, send, hand, teach, offer, sell, promise, pass ,take等. 5) 由for连接间接宾语的动词有:buy, make, leave, do, choose, order, sing, win, cook, get 等 注意: I will ask him a question.      I will ask a question of him.   怎么样,看完了小编为大家整理的语法知识,大家感觉如何,有没有理解呢?赶快收藏起来吧~

    2017-08-25

    宾语从句

  • 宾语从句的时态用法详解

    实时,即使主句是过去时,从句也用一般现在时态。 例句: The teacher told us(that) nothing is difficult if we put our hearts into it.    老师告诉我们世上无难事,只怕有心人。    She said(that) her father is twenty-eight years older than her.    她说她父亲比她大二十八岁。    He said that light travels much faster than sound.    他说光比声音传播得快。  注意:当主句的谓语动词是think或believe,宾语从句要表达否语法是语言的组织规律,任何人在使用语言时,不管他是否学过语法,都须合乎语法。 今天小编为大家介绍英语定时,要把从句的否定转移到主句上。  I don't think he is going to help you with your English.    我认为他不会帮你学英语的。    这句话不可以翻译成:    I think he isn't

    2017-07-23

    宾语从句

  • 解析:由whether,if 引导的宾语从句

    能用if引导的宾语从句 在带to的不定式前 例句:We decided whether to walk there. 在介词的后面 例句:I’m thinking of whether we should go to see the film. 在动词后面的宾语从句时 例句:We discussed whether we had a sports meeting next week 直接与or not连用时 例句:I can’t say whether or not thet can come on time. 只能用if不语考试中,名词性从句考得最多的是主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句。而对于宾语能用whether引导的宾语从句 if引导条件状语从句,意为“如果” 例句:The students will go on a picnic if it is sunny. if引导否定概念的宾语从句时 例句:He asked if I didn’t come to school yesterday. 引导状语从句even if(即使)和as if(好象)时 例句:He talks as if he has known all about it. 好了,以上的这些还请大家务必要掌握,在日常的学习中一定要勤加练习,在具体的句子中加以理解,一切问题就可以迎刃而解了。大家继续加油学习吧!

    2017-07-23

    宾语从句

  • 详解:that引导的宾语从句

    好了准备呢? 今天小编和大家一起来学习that引导的宾语从句在非正式场合that可以省略): 可跟that从句做宾语的动词有: say, think, insist, wish, hope, demand, imagine, wonder, know, suppose, see, believe, agree, admit, deny, expect, explain, order, command, feel, dream, suggest, hear, mean, notice, prefer, request, require, propose, declare, report等。 例句:The boy believes that he will travel through space to other planets. 注意事项: 当主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,常把否定转语考试中,名词性从句考得最多的是主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句。而对于宾语移至主句表示。 例句:I don’t think it is right for him to treat you like that. 在以下情况中that不能省略: 当句中的动词后接多于两个由that引导的宾语从句时,第一个that可省,但后面的that不可省。 例句:He said (that) you were too young to understand the matter and that he was asked not to tell you. 当主句的谓语动词与that宾语从句之间有插入语时,that一般不可省。 例句:Just then I noticed, for the first time, that our master was wearing his fine green coat and his black silk cap. 当that从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时,that不可省。 例句:I can’t tell him that his mother died. 注意事项:许多带复合宾语的句子,that引导的宾语从句经常移到句子后部,而用it作形式宾语。 例句:I find it necessary that we should do the homework on time. 好了,以上的这些还请大家务必要掌握,在日常的学习中一定要勤加练习,在具体的句子中加以理解,一切问题就可以迎刃而解了。

    2017-07-23

    宾语从句

  • 英语语法:that引导的宾语从句

    宾语从句是英语语法学习中的难点,宾语从句类型多样,引导词多样,用法复杂,不易掌握,但又是考试必考的重点,这次沪江小编就来给大家讲解一下由that引导的宾语从句的用法和注意点吧。 一. 可接that引导宾语从句的动词: say, think, insist, wish, hope, demand, imagine, wonder, know, suppose, see, believe, agree, admit, deny, expect, explain, order, command, feel, dream, suggest, hear, mean, notice, prefer, request, require, propose, declare, report等。 eg. The girl feels that the atmosphere is terrible. 二. that在非正式场合可以省略,但在以下几种下不能省略: 1.当句中的动词后接多于两个由that引导的宾语从句时,第一个that可省,但后面的that不可省。 eg. He said (that) you were too young to understand the matter and that he was asked not to tell you. 2.当主句的谓语动词与that宾语从句之间有插入语时,that一般不可省。 eg. Just then I noticed, for the first time, that our master was wearing his fine green coat and his black silk cap. 3.当that从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时,that不可省。 eg. I can't tell him that failed the exam. 以上就是这次为大家带来的关于宾语从句的知识点了,大家都消化了吗?学习从句最重要的就是掌握引导词的用法,只宾语从句是英语语法学习中的难点,宾语要把所有的引导词都弄清楚了,那么就算考试题型再变化多端,也都能迎刃而解。

    2017-11-12

    宾语从句

  • 宾语从句知识点大总结

    宾语从句是名词性从句的一种,在句子中起宾语作用,是从句中出现率最高难度最大的类型之一,宾语

    2017-12-20

    宾语从句

  • 语法 | 宾语从句及其用法概要

    宾语是动作、行为的对象,是动作的承受者。宾语由名词、代词、不定式或相当于名词的词、短语来担任。当然,也可以由一个句子来充当,称之为宾语从句。下面,小编就来为大家整体介绍一下宾语从句,一起来看看吧!   一.不同词类作宾语 1. 名词作宾语 She is playing the piano now. 2. 代词作宾语   We all like him.      She doesn't know me.   3. 数词作宾语   Give me four. 4.  the+形容词/v-ed/v-ing结构作宾语。   1) The young should respect the old

    2017-08-25

    宾语从句

  • 语法小知识:宾语从句的三种类型

    宾语从句是英语语法学习中的难点,宾语从句类型多样,引导词多样,用法复杂,不易掌握,但又是考试必考的重点,这次沪江小编就来给大家整理归纳一下宾语从句的三种类型。 宾语从句是名词性从句的一种。在主从复合句中充当宾语,位于及物动词、介词或复合谓语之后的从句称为宾语从句。宾语从句分为三类:动词的宾语从句,介词的宾语从句和形容词的宾语从句。 一. 动宾从句: ① 大多数及物动词,部分“动词+副词”结构,动词短语(如 make sure、keep in mind等)后面可以跟宾语从句。 ② 形式宾语it可以用来代替宾语从句,主要有两种情况: 1. 动词find,feel,consider,make,believe,think等后面有宾语补足语的时候,则需要用it做形式宾语而将that宾语从句后置。 2.部分动词接宾语从句时要在宾语从句前加it:如:hate,take,owe,have,see,lend.hand,offer,pass,pay,post,read,return,show,teach,tell等。 二. 介宾从句: ① 由whether引导的介词宾语从句。 ② 由that,if引导的介词宾语从句。 ③偶尔在except,but,besides三个介词会出现that引导的介词宾语从句。 三. 形宾从句: 有些形容词具有动词意义,所以后面可以接宾语从句,例如: sure,certain,glad,pleased,happy,sorry,afraid,satisfied,surprised等。 好了,以上就是这次为大家整理归纳的宾语从句的三种类型,内容有点多,大家记得慢慢消化啊。语法学习重在找规律,只要抓住的知识点的核心部分,就能对各种题型都手到擒来了。

    2017-11-12

    宾语从句

  • the fact that…引导宾语从句用法详解

    非你的帮助,我仍会无家可归。 He must face up to the fact that he is no longer young. 他必须勇于正视自己不再年轻这一事实。 It’s time you woke up to the fact that you’re not very popular. 你早就该明白你不怎么受欢迎了。 The judge paid a lot of attention to the fact that the child was unhappy at home. 法官非常注意这一情况,即孩子在家里并不快乐。 He said the parents were responsible for the fact that the child had run away. 他说孩子父母应对孩子逃跑一事负责。 注:英语中只有极个别介词(如except等)可直接跟that从句。如: The two books are the same except that this one has an answer key at the back. 除了这本书后面有问题答案以外, 这两本书完全一样。 二、引导从句用作动词的宾语 英语中宾语从句是名词性从句的一种,在句子中起宾语作用,是从句中出现率最高难度最大的类型之一,宾语有的动词虽为及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,但通常不接that从句作宾语。若语义上需要接一个that从句,则可借助the fact结构。如: I dislike the fact that he smokes. 我厌恶他吸烟。 No one can deny the fact that fire burns. 无人能否认火能燃烧的事实。 You can’t escape the fact that she has got married three times. 她结过三次婚,这个事实你是不能逃避的。 We must face the fact that we might lose our deposit. 我们必须正视我们可能失去存款这一事实。 I admired the fact that he would talk to students outside the classroom or talk with them on the telephone. 我羡慕他经常在课外与学生聊天或通过电话与学生聊天。 以上就是这次为大家带来的内容了,除了常规用法以外,大家也要留心这些特殊用法,正是这种较为少见的知识点才更容易成为考试常出现的重点。

    2017-12-20

    宾语从句