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    目的意图, 努力做到“知己知彼,百战不殆”。这一点在迎考复习时也尤为重要。比如看到下题时, 考生首先就应该判断出本题测试的语法点是比较级中的省略、替代问题。 Western Nebraska generally receives less snow than _______ eastern Nebraska. A. in    B. it receives in    C. does    D. it does in 部分词汇试题通常是以认知词汇的形式, 要求词汇辨义。例如: With hundreds of works left behind, Picasso is regarded as a very _______ artist. A. profound    B. productive    C. prosperous    D. plentiful 而其他一些词汇体则通常要求掌握其用法和搭配关系, 并区分近义词。例如: When there was a short _______ in the conversation, I asked if anyone would like anything to drink. A. blank    B. space    C. pause    D. wait 考生应当注意经常出现的词缀,以便举一反三,在大纲所规定的词汇基础上,识别和运用更多单词。 词汇和语法是不可分割的两部分,词汇能力也是语法能力的一部分,它们涉及的遣词和造句两者不可缺。例如, 我们既可以认为下题测试的是词汇deprive 的用法, 也可以认为测试的是语法点介词。 He was deprived _______ his sight in the accident. A. of    B. a    C. from    D. against 考生既不可以脱离词汇进行空泛的句法结构学习,也切不可以为有了一定的词汇量,就一定能够清楚表达意思了。考生可以通过大量的阅读,增加词汇量和语法的感性知识,但也必须辅之以必要的语法理论,获得相当的理性知识。在同时拥有感性和理性知识的基础上,才有可能形成正确的语言直觉。 本部分试题以正式书面语语法为规范, 因而许多虽见应用但不正规的形式是作为干扰项存在的。考生必须有清晰的文体意识,严格区分口语语法和正式书面语语法,区分非标准英语语法和标准英语语法。要侧重正规语法的学习,重视语言的规范性, 不能仅仅满足于交际内容的初步表达。 不论语法还是词汇部分都要注重知识结构掌握的灵活性,不可以偏概全,只知其一不知其二。以suggest 为例,如作“建议”解释时,其后确应使用虚拟语气或should,然而作“显示,暗示”解释时,其后却应使用陈述语气。例如,Her_______expression suggested that she was angry。 要灵活处理每一道考题,切不可死搬硬套条条框框。这种灵活性当然要建立在全面掌握知识的基础上。而就命题来看,历年试题的面也是尽可能广泛的,不仅是词汇,语法点也是少有重复的。这更对考生提出了较高的要求。 具体说来,根据历年的考试结果数据分析,部分词汇和以下几个语法点是考生的薄弱环节,失分较多,希望予以足够的重视: 动词的时体态式, 比较结构,关系词以及多词动词等等。例如: This company has now introduced a policy_______pay rises are related to performance at work. A. which    B. where    C. whethe    D. what Half the excuses she gives are not true, but she always seems to_______them. A. get on with    B. get away with    C. get up from    D. get in on 上述题目分别涉及关系词和多词动词,得分率竟不足其他题目的五分之一!所以,考生更应根据本人的实际情况,进行一些分类的诊断性练习,以便及时地查漏补缺,从整体上提高英语的实用水平,决专四考生来说,语法与词汇部分难度很大,因为涉及到词义辨析,语法不要盲目地埋头于题海之中,以应付考试为最终目的。 声明:沪江网高度重视知识产权保护,发现本网站发布的信息包含有侵犯其著作权的链接内容时,请联系我们,我们将做相应处理。 

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题七

    )【句意】有证据表明,小至六个月的婴儿就能识别具体的声音。 【难点】evidence后面的同位语从句被全句的谓语动词came up隔开,同位语从句须由that引导,所以B)项正确。 2. C)【句意】我比多数人更能理解员工们在最后期限的压力下所做的大量准备工作。 【难点】understand better than...意为“对…非常理解”。preparation是不可数名词,须用amount修饰,故选C)。 3. A)【句意】我相信你的建议将有助于问题的解决。 【难点】contribute to意为“有助于,促成”,to是介词,所以后面应接名词或动名词,故选A)。 4. C)【句意】1840年

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题八

    模拟试题: 1. ____ in the past, at the moment it is a favorite choice for wedding gown. A. Unpopular has as white been B. White has been as unpopular C. Unpopular has been as white D. Unpopular as white has been 2. ____ for a long time, the fields are all dried up. A. There has been no rain  B. Having no rain C. There having been no rain D. There being no rain 3. The millions of calculations involved, ____ by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished. A. had they been done B. they had been done C. having been done D. they were done 4. Televisions enable us to see things happen almost at the exact moment ____. A. which they are happening  B. they are happening C. which they happen D. they have happened 5. ____ me most was that the young boy who had lost both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet. A. That amazed B. It amazed C.Which amazed D. What amazed 6. Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very young, ____ she was twenty five. A. her first real success did not come until B. her real first success came until not C. since her first real success did not come until D. not until her first real success 7.You should know better than ____ your little sister at home by herself. A. to leave B. leaving C. to have left D. left 8. As the train will not leave until one hour later, we ____grab a bite at the snack bar. A. may well B. just as well C. might as well D. as well 9. She resorted to ____ when she had no money to buy foods for her children. A. have stolen B. steal C. stole D. stealing 10. The boy has admitted to ____ the window while playing football yesterday. A. breaking B. having been broken C. break D. be breaking 11. Betty advised me to label our luggage carefully in case it gets____in transit. A. misused B. mishandled C. mistaken D. mislaid 12. ____ money, she is quite rich. However, this does not mean that she is happy. A. Concerning B. As to C. In terms of D. In the light of 13. A well written composition ____ good choice of words and clear organization among other things. A. calls for B. calls on C. calls up D. calls off 14. It is ____ with the customer not to let the shop assistants guess what she really likes and wants until the last moment. A. in her honor B. on her honor C.a point of honor D. an honor 15. This house will probably come on the ____ next month. A. fair B. market C. shop D. store 16. George was introduced to ____ activities at a young age, when she was hire to act as a lookout for drugdealers. A. illegal B. lawful C. faithful D. peaceful 17. An institution that properly carries the name university is a more comprehensive and complex institution than any other kind of higher education____. A. settlement B. establishment C. costruction D. structure 18. People’s status in society is frequently ____ by how much they own. A. measured B. examined C. tested D. questioned 19. Jack is so ____ to his appearance that he never has his clothes pressed. A. adverse B. anonymous C. indifferent D. casual 20. There is an increasing ____ to make movies describing violence. A. strength B. direction C. tradition D. trend 21. Outside my office window there is a fire ____ on the right. A. escape B. ladder C. steps D. stairs 22. I ____ with the Browns during my stay in New York City. A. put in B. put down C. put on D. put up 23. Operations which left patients ____ and in need of long periods of discovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable. A. exhausted B. unhealthy C. upset D. fearful 24. Farmers are allowed to grow small gardens of their own and they sell their vegetables ____ the black market. A. on B. at C. in D. for 25. The electric fan does not work because of the ____of service. A. pause B. break C. interruption D. breakdown 点击查看下一页试题答案与解析>>> 答案与解析 1. D)【句意】虽然白色过去不受欢迎,但目前它是婚纱的首选颜色。 【难点】as是连词,引导让步状语从句时,往往使用半

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题十三

    进给西方造成了深远的影响。 【难点】该句考查名词和物主代词的指代关系。 5. B)【句意】这一问题肯定在两天之前的会议上讨

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题十二

    模拟试题: 1. If only the arbitration court ____ the dispute. A. resolve B. will resolve C. can resolve D. would resolve 2. I advise you ____ of ____ out such a dangerous plan. A. to stop to think... carry B. to stop thinking... carrying C. to stop thinking... carry D. to stop thinking... to carry 3. She bought ____ plates. A. one dozen beautiful pale blue dinner B. one dozen pale blue beautiful dinner C. beautiful one dozen pale blue dinner D. one dozen dinner beautiful pale blue 4. More and more advanced farm machines ____ , the agricultural production increased tremendously. A. using B. having used C. having been used D. to have been used 5. I think you are supposed ____ your graduate study last year. A. to be finishing B. to have finished C. to finish D. to have been finished 6. The paper ____ several persons are risking their lives is an important report on missiles A. after which B. for which C. with which D. at which 7. The actress is not so beautiful ____ the press described in advance. A. that B. which C. as D. what 8. The protection device can eliminate the faults ____they cause more damage. A. unless B. until C. before D. although 9. All ____ is peace and progress. A. what is needed B. for our needs C. the thing needed D. that is needed 10. ____ he was aware ofthe real meaning of life. A. That was from that book B. It was that book which C. It was from that book that D. It was that book that 11. I hope you will never fall into that ____. A. mistake B. fault C. error D. defect 12. Then the ____ streamed into the great hall. A. group B. crowd C. gang D. masses 13. Once a ____ is formed it is very difficult to shake it off. A. habit B. custom C. practice D. usage 14. My husband likes early American furniture, but I prefer ____styles, designs that reflect today’s times. A. noble B. neutral C. contemporary D. simple 15. For many people, overeating and overspending are as ____to Christmas as candles and holly. A. integral B. suitable C. inevitable D. compatible 16. When my kids go a weekend without pizza and TV while camping, they think they are suffering great ____. A. deficiency B. deprivation C. depression D. starvation 17. The police have asked for the____ of the public in tracing the whereabouts of the missing boy. A. cooperation B.advice C. helpfulness D. aid 18. She murmured something and blushed as if a secret had been ____. A. imposed B. exposed C. removed D. renewed 19. Your service is entirely ____ , not compulsory. A. selective B. optional C. voluntary D. reluctant 20. Their distribution is also ____, sometimes, widely spaced, in places, closely packed together. A. various B. alternative C. variable D. conventional 21. Food and drink are good and desirable, but their ____can cause serious health and mental problems. A. effect B. abuse C. custom D. usage 22. I called on him the morning after our arrival, and was ____with his gay, precise manner and obvious power of decision. A. inclined B. implied C. impressed D. illustrated 23. The trade agreement between the two countries will ____next year. A. adjoin B. expire C. boost D. concede 24. Two boys were caught smoking at school but the headmaster let them ____ with a warning. A. off B. down C. out D. alone 25. Advertising costs are no longer in reasonable ____to the total cost of the product. A. testimony B. relationship C. proportion D. legislation 点击查看下一页试题答案与解析>>> 答案详解: 1. A)【句意】但愿仲裁庭解决这些争议。 【难点】If only意为“只要,但愿”,后边引出的句子往往用虚拟语气,表示与将来事实相反或将来不可能发生的事情时谓语通常采用(should)+动词原形。 2. B)【句意】我建议你不要想着去执行这样危险的计划。 【难点】advise 一般用于句型“advise(sb)that 或advise sb to do sth,意为“建议…做”。stop后跟动名词或名词时,意为“不

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题三

    一个带有时间状语从句的主从复合句。在英语中,由while, when等引导的 时间状语从句,如果其主语与主句中的主语相同,从句中的主语可以省略,而只剩下分词短语。驾车的应该是人,所以只能从C)和D)选,而D)的意义不符,所以选C)。 5. C) 【句意】杰恩•瓦格那对亚非诗歌最永恒的贡献是他坚持认为,这类诗歌除用凡俗的参考框架,还应用宗教的参考框架进行研究。 【难点】insistence是个

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    似的词组串联在一起同时记。而如果同义词之间含义用法有细微差别,尤其要注意辨清。 适用题型:近义词辨析题 4.联想记忆法 此方法指结合单词拼写特征或者在发音上与汉语的谐音效果来辅助记忆,如strong这个单词,发音非常接近汉语“死壮”,且单词本身确实表示“强壮”之意,因此可巧妙地联想到中文来记忆。另外,对于一些拼写非常接近的词汇,尤其要利用联想来加以区分,比如:stationary是形容词,表示“静止不动的”;stationery是名词,表示“文具”。这两个单词发音完全相同,拼写仅在黑体字部分有一字母之差,确实很难记忆。此时可抓住唯一有区英语专业四级考试(下文简称专四)是检验学生在专业英语别的黑体字部分展开联想——由stationery中的字母e联想到时下文案工作最常用的email,因此可记住含有e的stationery是“文具”之意,而另一个同音词stationary就表示“静止不动的”。 适用题型:形近词辨析题。 新春课程温暖上线,春季,和网校一起成长! 商务英语BEC【初级春季班】 商务英语BEC【中级春季班】 2010年9月英语口译【高口春季班】 2010年9月英语口译【中口春季班】

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    词性短语,引导出来状语。选项A)没有主语或逻辑主语,选项B)是原因状语从句,选项C)的despite不能引导状语从句,因为 它是介词。 3. B) 【句意】到二十一世纪中叶,世界上大多数人口将生

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    , motion, plan, idea, order等词一样,其后的同位语从句中的谓语动词须用虚拟语气,should加原形动词或直接用原形动词。 3. B)【句意】他们发现为可能遇到的最差的条件做准备是不值得的。 【难点】在find it worthwhile to prepare …中,find之后是一个复合结构,其中it是形式宾语,真正的宾语是to prepare, worthwhile (值得花时间的)是宾语补足语。 4. C)【句意】在短道上,四分之一英里赛马比其它品种