• 2007年专四语法与单词题详解

    英语专四

  • 英语四级考试词汇与语法的考点分析

    常见的有:take,go,get,give,carry,cut,make,put,turn,bring等。   做这类题时一定要看清楚空格前后的动词,介词或名词以选择合适的搭配关系。语法意义的搭配有三类:   第一类是常见的连接词搭配,如“not……until”,“no sooner……than”,“hardly……when”,“too……to”,“not……but”等。   第二类是形容词比较级通常和than搭配,但是一部分本身已含有比较意义的形容词一般和介词to搭配,这类形容词有superior,inferior,junior,senior,secon人phor,preferable等等。   第三类是非谓语动词,   ①一部分动词或形容词后面只英语四级对于词汇和语法能用名词或动名词,如appreciate,deny,busy等;   ②一部分动词或形容词后面只能用不定式,如intend,decide,surprised,eager等;   ③还有一部分动词后面既可以用不定式,也可以用动名词,但意义不同,需注意区分,如remember,forget,mean,regret,stop,go on,try等。   ④有一部分动词词组中的to为介词,后面应接名词或动名词形式。这类词组有object to,confess to,look forwardto等。   ⑤另外一部分动词可直接接动名词作宾语,但在复合结构中又采用不定式,即“动词+doing/sb.to dosth”结构,这类动词有allow,advise,forbid,permit等。   以上就是为大家整理的英语四级考试词汇与语法的考点分析,英语四级是英语类考试中难度最低的,有一定的含金量,但是却不高,所以对于词汇和语法知识这种基础性的要求是比较高的,希望本篇文章可以帮助到大家。

  • 英语专四语法与词汇应试指南

    目的意图, 努力做到“知己知彼,百战不殆”。这一点在迎考复习时也尤为重要。比如看到下题时, 考生首先就应该判断出本题测试的语法点是比较级中的省略、替代问题。 Western Nebraska generally receives less snow than _______ eastern Nebraska. A. in    B. it receives in    C. does    D. it does in 部分词汇试题通常是以认知词汇的形式, 要求词汇辨义。例如: With hundreds of works left behind, Picasso is regarded as a very _______ artist. A. profound    B. productive    C. prosperous    D. plentiful 而其他一些词汇体则通常要求掌握其用法和搭配关系, 并区分近义词。例如: When there was a short _______ in the conversation, I asked if anyone would like anything to drink. A. blank    B. space    C. pause    D. wait 考生应当注意经常出现的词缀,以便举一反三,在大纲所规定的词汇基础上,识别和运用更多单词。 词汇和语法是不可分割的两部分,词汇能力也是语法能力的一部分,它们涉及的遣词和造句两者不可缺。例如, 我们既可以认为下题测试的是词汇deprive 的用法, 也可以认为测试的是语法点介词。 He was deprived _______ his sight in the accident. A. of    B. a    C. from    D. against 考生既不可以脱离词汇进行空泛的句法结构学习,也切不可以为有了一定的词汇量,就一定能够清楚表达意思了。考生可以通过大量的阅读,增加词汇量和语法的感性知识,但也必须辅之以必要的语法理论,获得相当的理性知识。在同时拥有感性和理性知识的基础上,才有可能形成正确的语言直觉。 本部分试题以正式书面语语法为规范, 因而许多虽见应用但不正规的形式是作为干扰项存在的。考生必须有清晰的文体意识,严格区分口语语法和正式书面语语法,区分非标准英语语法和标准英语语法。要侧重正规语法的学习,重视语言的规范性, 不能仅仅满足于交际内容的初步表达。 不论语法还是词汇部分都要注重知识结构掌握的灵活性,不可以偏概全,只知其一不知其二。以suggest 为例,如作“建议”解释时,其后确应使用虚拟语气或should,然而作“显示,暗示”解释时,其后却应使用陈述语气。例如,Her_______expression suggested that she was angry。 要灵活处理每一道考题,切不可死搬硬套条条框框。这种灵活性当然要建立在全面掌握知识的基础上。而就命题来看,历年试题的面也是尽可能广泛的,不仅是词汇,语法点也是少有重复的。这更对考生提出了较高的要求。 具体说来,根据历年的考试结果数据分析,部分词汇和以下几个语法点是考生的薄弱环节,失分较多,希望予以足够的重视: 动词的时体态式, 比较结构,关系词以及多词动词等等。例如: This company has now introduced a policy_______pay rises are related to performance at work. A. which    B. where    C. whethe    D. what Half the excuses she gives are not true, but she always seems to_______them. A. get on with    B. get away with    C. get up from    D. get in on 上述题目分别涉及关系词和多词动词,得分率竟不足其他题目的五分之一!所以,考生更应根据本人的实际情况,进行一些分类的诊断性练习,以便及时地查漏补缺,从整体上提高英语的实用水平,决专四考生来说,语法与词汇部分难度很大,因为涉及到词义辨析,语法不要盲目地埋头于题海之中,以应付考试为最终目的。 声明:沪江网高度重视知识产权保护,发现本网站发布的信息包含有侵犯其著作权的链接内容时,请联系我们,我们将做相应处理。 

  • 过专四专八到底需要掌握多少词汇量

    常用单词及变形的覆盖率为86.7%,当词汇量增加到5000时,覆盖率为88.6%。4000这个词汇量恰好决定了你能否比较顺 利地进行一般的英文阅读。   2.应该掌握多少词汇量?   虽然大家每天大家都在说词汇量,但实际上我们听说读写的词汇量是有区别的。   比如雅思的词汇量大致要求是:   阅读词汇量:7000左右(看到英文知道意思,不英语专四和专八的过程中需要大量的积累单词,而根据考生不同,所要求的掌握的单词要求拼写);   写作词汇量:3000左右(熟练使用);   口语和听力的词汇量:3000-5000词左右(要求能听懂,并会拼写)。   一般来说,我们的阅读词汇量>听说词汇量>写作词汇量,也就是说认识单词≠会用单词。我们平时说的词汇量往往是指阅读词汇量。   比如四级词汇量要求4500左右,六级6000左右,专四8000左右,专八13000词左右。   以上就是关于英语专四和专八需要掌握的词汇量,希望可以给大家在备考的过程中带来帮助。

  • 英语四级考试词汇记忆法

    点来操作。在学英语的人群中常见以下三种特征记忆模式:   1.视觉敏感型   所谓视觉敏感型的人群,是借助视觉来记忆事物的类型。一般说来,人的记忆以视觉型居多。人类的记忆信息中有70-80%是视觉性的。对于这一类型的人来说,使记忆信息视觉化,对他们最为合适。 这类人群在背单词时可结合历年真题中出现的生词去查阅并记录在personal dictionary。 背单词时,不要只看单词列表,要结合阅读理解的文章来记忆,效果很好。   2.听觉敏感型   这种类型的人能很好地记住耳朵听到的内容。有些人的乐感强。例如,常有这样的人,英语不词汇记忆是学习英语的基础,很多人在备考的时候因为没有好的方法,没有正确的方向,词汇算好,却能在听歌时,记住英语歌词。这类人在背单词时可先把单词讲解给自己听,并录成磁带,在复习时再听自己的录音巩固记忆。一般听三遍即可记住词意,听五遍即可记住拼写。   3.混合型   混合型是指以上两种类型的混合体。但是,这一类型是不平衡的,有些人偏向于视觉型、有些人偏向听觉型。在背单词时可以同时结合两种类型的优势进行记忆,也可以

  • 英语四级考试词汇记忆法

    点来操作。在学英语的人群中常见以下三种特征记忆模式:   1.视觉敏感型   所谓视觉敏感型的人群,是借助视觉来记忆事物的类型。一般说来,人的记忆以视觉型居多。人类的记忆信息中有70-80%是视觉性的。对于这一类型的人来说,使记忆信息视觉化,对他们最为合适。 这类人群在背单词时可结合历年真题中出现的生词去查阅并记录在personal dictionary。 背单词时,不要只看单词列表,要结合阅读理解的文章来记忆,效果很好。   2.听觉敏感型   这种类型的人能很好地记住耳朵听到的内容。有些人的乐感强。例如,常有这样的人,英语不算好,却能在听歌时,记住英语歌词。这类人在背单词时可英语四级考试,不同的学生记忆词汇先把单词讲解给自己听,并录成磁带,在复习时再听自己的录音巩固记忆。一般听三遍即可记住词意,听五遍即可记住拼写。   3.混合型   混合型是指以上两种类型的混合体。但是,这一类型是不平衡的,有些人偏向于视觉型、有些人偏向听觉型。在背单词时可以同时结合两种类型的优势进行记忆,也可以通过听故事、看文章,结合情节来记忆。如可以选择胡敏老师的《胡敏读故事记单词--大学英语六级词汇》。   二、对于难以记忆的词汇如何解决   原则:解放思想,展开无尽的联想,下面我介绍联想的几种方法:   1.从不熟悉的单词中找到熟悉的单词   mirth---m(妈妈)+ irth(birth) 妈妈看你出生了---高兴   acme—AC米兰(足球俱乐部在足球史上是个奇迹)---顶点, 极致   2.近形对照法记忆—----比较差异   brief grief relief ----不(b)简洁, 哥(g)悲伤, 阿姨(re)说谎(lie)为(f) 缓解   irrigate irritable ---- 灌溉的是大门(gate), 激怒的是桌子(table)   3.协音记忆法   exhaust (一个早死的他) 用尽, 耗尽, 使精疲力尽   illumine (一路明) 点亮 照亮   ambition (俺必胜)雄心壮志。野心勃勃   4.代码记忆   cent-----钱 decent innocent reticent incentive   以上就是为大家整理的英语四级考试词汇记忆法的相关内容,希望能够对大家有所帮助。四级词汇是基础,只有扎实的词汇基础,才能够更好的提高自己,才能够备考的更有效果,才能够在考试中取得好的成绩。

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题七

    )【句意】有证据表明,小至六个月的婴儿就能识别具体的声音。 【难点】evidence后面的同位语从句被全句的谓语动词came up隔开,同位语从句须由that引导,所以B)项正确。 2. C)【句意】我比多数人更能理解员工们在最后期限的压力下所做的大量准备工作。 【难点】understand better than...意为“对…非常理解”。preparation是不可数名词,须用amount修饰,故选C)。 3. A)【句意】我相信你的建议将有助于问题的解决。 【难点】contribute to意为“有助于,促成”,to是介词,所以后面应接名词或动名词,故选A)。 4. C)【句意】1840年

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题八

    模拟试题: 1. ____ in the past, at the moment it is a favorite choice for wedding gown. A. Unpopular has as white been B. White has been as unpopular C. Unpopular has been as white D. Unpopular as white has been 2. ____ for a long time, the fields are all dried up. A. There has been no rain  B. Having no rain C. There having been no rain D. There being no rain 3. The millions of calculations involved, ____ by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished. A. had they been done B. they had been done C. having been done D. they were done 4. Televisions enable us to see things happen almost at the exact moment ____. A. which they are happening  B. they are happening C. which they happen D. they have happened 5. ____ me most was that the young boy who had lost both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet. A. That amazed B. It amazed C.Which amazed D. What amazed 6. Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very young, ____ she was twenty five. A. her first real success did not come until B. her real first success came until not C. since her first real success did not come until D. not until her first real success 7.You should know better than ____ your little sister at home by herself. A. to leave B. leaving C. to have left D. left 8. As the train will not leave until one hour later, we ____grab a bite at the snack bar. A. may well B. just as well C. might as well D. as well 9. She resorted to ____ when she had no money to buy foods for her children. A. have stolen B. steal C. stole D. stealing 10. The boy has admitted to ____ the window while playing football yesterday. A. breaking B. having been broken C. break D. be breaking 11. Betty advised me to label our luggage carefully in case it gets____in transit. A. misused B. mishandled C. mistaken D. mislaid 12. ____ money, she is quite rich. However, this does not mean that she is happy. A. Concerning B. As to C. In terms of D. In the light of 13. A well written composition ____ good choice of words and clear organization among other things. A. calls for B. calls on C. calls up D. calls off 14. It is ____ with the customer not to let the shop assistants guess what she really likes and wants until the last moment. A. in her honor B. on her honor C.a point of honor D. an honor 15. This house will probably come on the ____ next month. A. fair B. market C. shop D. store 16. George was introduced to ____ activities at a young age, when she was hire to act as a lookout for drugdealers. A. illegal B. lawful C. faithful D. peaceful 17. An institution that properly carries the name university is a more comprehensive and complex institution than any other kind of higher education____. A. settlement B. establishment C. costruction D. structure 18. People’s status in society is frequently ____ by how much they own. A. measured B. examined C. tested D. questioned 19. Jack is so ____ to his appearance that he never has his clothes pressed. A. adverse B. anonymous C. indifferent D. casual 20. There is an increasing ____ to make movies describing violence. A. strength B. direction C. tradition D. trend 21. Outside my office window there is a fire ____ on the right. A. escape B. ladder C. steps D. stairs 22. I ____ with the Browns during my stay in New York City. A. put in B. put down C. put on D. put up 23. Operations which left patients ____ and in need of long periods of discovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable. A. exhausted B. unhealthy C. upset D. fearful 24. Farmers are allowed to grow small gardens of their own and they sell their vegetables ____ the black market. A. on B. at C. in D. for 25. The electric fan does not work because of the ____of service. A. pause B. break C. interruption D. breakdown 点击查看下一页试题答案与解析>>> 答案与解析 1. D)【句意】虽然白色过去不受欢迎,但目前它是婚纱的首选颜色。 【难点】as是连词,引导让步状语从句时,往往使用半

  • 英语专四词汇语法专项练习模拟试题十三

    进给西方造成了深远的影响。 【难点】该句考查名词和物主代词的指代关系。 5. B)【句意】这一问题肯定在两天之前的会议上讨