1. In history, Romans occupied Britain for about _______ years.
A. 700B. 600 C. 500 D. 400
2. Which of the following tribes ﬁ rst came to Britain?
A. Anglos. B. Saxons. C. Jutes. D. Celts.
3. The three great Germanic tribes: the Anglos, the _______ and the Jutes, which invaded Britain, form the basis of the modern British people.
A. Saxons B. Scots C. Welsh D. Essex
4. William won the Battle of Hastings. Later, on _______, he was crowned King of England.
A. Easter Day B. St. Andrew’s Day
C. Christmas Day D. Boxing Day
5. William, Duke of Normandy, is now known as _______.
A. William the Confessor B. William Lion-Heart
C. the father of the British navy D. William the Conqueror
6. Because of the _______ in 1066, a lot of French words entered into the English vocabulary.
A. Norman Conquest B. Crusades
C. Invasion of the Vikings D. Wars of the Roses
7. The Wars of Roses are fought between _______.
A. France and Britain B. England and Scotland
C. England and Wales D. two branches of the English royal family
8. During the reign of _______, England was separated from the Roman Empire religiously.
A. Henry VII B. Henry VIIIC. Elizabeth I D. James II
9. The legend of the Knights of the Round Table is always associated with _______.
A. Alfred the Great B. King Arthur
C. William the Conqueror D. King Harold
10. The Great Charter (Magna Charter) was signed by _______ in 1215.
A. King Henry IIB. King John C. King William D. King Richard
11. _______ of 1215 was regarded as the basis of the modern English constitution.
A. Enclosure Acts B. The Act of Union
C. Magna Charter D. People’s Charter
12. During the 14th century, an epidemic named _______ spread over Europe and caused millions of deaths.
A. Black Death B. MalariaC. Rift Valley FeverD. Scarlet Fever
13. The Black Death, which ravaged England in the 14th century, carried off _______.
A. 3/4 of the population B. 1/4 of the population
C. 1/5 of the population D. 1/2 of the population
14. Britain was once a (n) _______ country for a short period of time in its history under the lead of Oliver Cromwell.
A. Democratic B. Commonwealth C. Republic D. United
15. The defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English navy took place during _______.
A. The Civil Wars B. The Victorian Age
C. The Elizabeth Age D. The Glorious Revolution
16. Mary I is remembered less by her official title than the nickname “Bloody Mary” because ______.
A. she was a devout catholic and had a lot of Protestants burnt to death
B. she launched a series of wars
C. she showed no mercy to Catholics
D. she killed all her brothers and sisters in order to get the throne
17. Which of the following does NOT belong to the historical inﬂ uence of the Bill of Rights?
A. It marks the replacement of the autocratic monarchy with a constitutional monarchy.
B. It marks the end of medieval period — the period of feudalism.
C. It marks the beginning of the modern period — the period of capitalism.
D. It marks the beginning of the English Renaissance.
18. _______ was the founder of the Plantagenet Dynasty and ruled England for 35 years.
A. Henry IB. King Stephen C. Henry II D. Count of Anjou
19. During the reign of _______, Wales was brought under English rule.
A. Henry III B. Edward I C. Edward II D. Edward III
20. _______ became the ﬁ rst prince to hold the title of Prince of Wales, which continues to be borne by the eldest son of the reigning monarch.
A. Richard I B. Henry IIIC. Edward II D. Edward III
21. The chief demand of the peasants during the Peasant Uprising of 1381 was _______.
A. the abolition of villeinage B. the punishment of the King’s ministers
C. the increase of wages D. the reform of the church
22. The name of Wars of the Roses was, in fact, coined by the great 19th century novelist _______.
A. Charles Dickens B. George Elliot
C. Sir Walter Scott D. Charlotte Bronte
23. _______ declared himself Supreme Head of the Church of England in 1535.
A. Henry VIII B. Henry IV C. Henry VIID. Edward III
24. Mary died childless and her half-sister _______ came to the throne in 1558.
A. Ann B. VictoriaC. Elizabeth D. Catherine
25. In _______, a small group of Puritans sailed from Plymouth in the Mayﬂ ower, and found New Plymouth in America, Britain’s ﬁ rst settlement in the New World.
A. 1614 B. 1615C. 1620 D. 1621
26. The Great Civil War, as it became known, was fought between _______.
A. Royolists and Parliamentarians B. the House of Lancaster and the House of York
C. king and church D. England and Scotland
27. From 1649 to 1658 England was called a commonwealth, ruled by Oliver Cromwell as _______.
A. President B. Lord Protector
C. Lieutenant generalD. Commander of the new model army
28. The longest reign in British history was the monarch of _______, which lasted from 1837 to 1901.
A. Queen Elizabeth I B. Queen Victoria
C. Queen Mary I D. Henry VIII
29. An empire “on which the sun never sets” is a nickname of the Britain during the reign of _______.
A. Queen Elizabeth IB. Queen Victoria
C. Queen Mary ID. Henry VIII
30. The Whigs and the Tories originated from the Glorious Revolution became _______ in the mid-19th century.
A. the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party
B. the Labor Party and the Conservative Party
C. the Liberal Party and the Republican Party
D. the Labor Party and the Republican Party
31. Land Enclosure was a disaster for the _______ evicted from their land by the enclosures.
A. landlords B. tenants C. farmers D. wage laborers
32. In Ireland and Scottish Highlands land enclosure led to mass emigration, particularly to _______.
B. Eastern Europe
D. the New World
33. In England no females were allowed to vote in national elections before _______.
A. 1918 B. 1920 C. 1928 D. 1945
34. The Labor Party had its origins in the _______, which was formed in January, 1893.
A. Independent Labor Party
B. Grand National Consolidated Trade Union
C. Amalgamated Society of Engineers
D. Trade Union Congress
35. As a result of the First World War, the _______ was established in 1920.
A. League of NationsB. British Commonwealth
C. British East India Company D. United Nations
36. The British Empire ended in _______.
A. the 1920s B. the 1930sC. the 1940s D. the 1950s
37. The Blitz radically changed the face of London for the ﬁ rst time since ____nearly 3 centuries earlier.
A. the Black Death B. the Great Fire
C. the Civil War D. the Great Plague
38. The joint communiqué issued by the US and British 1941 is _______.
A. the Teheran Declaration B. the Atlantic Charter
C. the Potsdam Treaty D. the Washington Declaration
39. In the 1960s Pop music underwent a revolution when the Beatles became world famous and turned their hometown of _______ into a place of pilgrimage.
A. ManchesterB. Blackpool C. Liverpool D. Shefﬁ eld
40. Britain’s ﬁrst woman prime minister was _______.
A. Catherine B. Elizabeth C. Anne Boleyn D. Margaret Thatcher