新视野大学英语4读写教程教案unit 4The Telecommunications Revolu
New Horizon College English
Book 4 Unit 3
Section A Longing for a New Welfare System
Section B A Blind Man Helped Me See the Beautiful World
Section C A Hard Job to Come By
Students will be able to:
1. have a better understanding of what the disabled face, how they look at life and try to live on their own;
2. master the key language points grammatical structures in the text;
3. recognize and interpret or explain figurative language;
4. conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit
Procedure & Time Allotment
Words & expressions
Section A Longing for a New Welfare System
1.Social welfare: Public assistance programs, commonly called “welfare”, provide cash or in-kind benefits for particular categories of the financially needy. The U.S. welfare system operates on both the federal and state levels. The federal welfare program is known as Social Security that provides benefits or assistance for child care, disability, food and medical assistance (also known as medicaid). The state welfare programs, on the other hand, provide assistance to both individuals and local communities with state schooling and social insurance.
U.S. welfare programs grew significantly in the decades following World War II, but increases in welfare costs during the 1960s and 1970s brought into question the extent and quality of public assistance. In the early 1980s the Reagan Administration reduced welfare expenditure and suggested turning responsibility for welfare funding over to the states. The cuts in federal funding that took effect during the Reagan Administration did in fact effectively place the responsibility for maintaining funding levels on the states—and, in some cases, on the larger cities.
The result has been a widening of the already existing disparities in social services spending between states, and between cities and regions within a state. An example of the state welfare system can be seen at http://www.state.tn.us under the Health and Social Programs section.
Social welfare is an integrated part of a country’s social policy.For introduction on this topic, check out the website at http://www2.rgu.ac.uk/publicpolicy /introduction/.
2. U.S. welfare system: the U.S. welfare system operates on both the federal and state levels. The federal welfare system is known as Social Security that provides benefits or assistance for child care, disability, food stamp and medical assistance. The state welfare system, on the other hand, provides assistance to both individuals and local communities with state schooling and social insurance. For more information about the U.S. welfare programs, please check out the website at http://www.aihw.gov.au/ aboutus/ welfare/.
3. Welfare system in China (Ask Ss to visit relevant websites)
1) What do the disabled usually face?
2) Have you ever helped any disabled person? [If yes,] please tell us about it. [If not,] Why not?
3) Should all the disabled people be helped? Why or why not?
4) How can we help the disabled?
1) Who is longing for a new welfare system? And why?
2) What are the problems with the present welfare system? And how to solve the problems?
3) What should be done with the present welfare system? (or what should be required of the new system?)
1. Questions for Discussion
Work in groups and answer the following questions according to the passage.
1) What does the author mean by saying “ A welfare client is supposed to cheat. Everybody expects it.”?
2) How has the author chosen to live as a welfare client?
3) What do caseworkers really expect welfare clients to do?
4) What is the author’s attitude towards caseworkers?
5) Why is the welfare system to blame, according to the author?
6) How could the author possibly get his wheelchair repaired at last?
7) What does the author think of the current welfare system?
8) What kind of new welfare system does the author dream of?
2. Text Structure Analysis
1. long for…(Title)
Bitterly afflicted with many years of civil war, the whole nation longs for peace.
2. be supposed to …(Para. 1)
1). be generally believed to be or to do
2.) be expected or required to do or be sth according to a rule, a custom,an arrangement, etc.
You are supposed to buy a ticket, though not many people do.
I haven’t seen it myself, but it’s supposed to be a great movie.
3. be faced with (Line 1)
If you face or are faced with something difficult or unpleasant, or if it faces you, it is going to affect you and you have to deal with it.
1).Williams faces life in prison if convicted of attempted murder…
2.)The immense difficulties facing European businessmen in Russia were only too evident…
3).We are faced with a serious problem
4) When faced with various choices of career, you’d better choose one in which to exercise to full your specialty or talent.
4. to bleed… for…(L. 2)
l) (Informal) force sb to pay a lot of money over a period of time
His ex-wife is bleeding him for every penny he has.
2) lose blood, from a wound or an injury
He’d been wounded in the arm and he was bleeding heavily.
5. to drum up竭力争取；大力招揽 (Line 6)
During the season of Christmas each year, traders use their own unique tricks to drum up their business.
6. under the table (L.8)
under the table (AmE)/under the counter (BrE): in a secret way
-- Some athletes sometimes cheated, sometimes lied, or took money under the table.
cf: on the table
If you put something on the table, you present it at a meeting for it to be discussed.
-- It means that all the options are at least on the table.
7. yield to (L.8)
Don’t admit the time for yielding to the trend; Only when out of water can you tell the final end.
8. get involved in
Once she gets involved in a research, nothing can distract her mind from it.
9. make fools of sb. (L. 12)
Making fools of others is just the same as laying oneself open to ridicule.
10. be entitled to (do) sth. (L.13)
You are not entitled to teach any one what is right or what is wrong.
11. be the cue to do sth. (L.26)
Her shining and charming face is the consumer’s cue to buy this type of makeup.
12. talk back (L.26)
answer sb rudely, esp. sb in authority
When he found his two-year-old son learned to talk back, he felt angry and funny.
I’m not being bitter. (Para. 3)
“be being + adj./n.” is used to talk about action and behavior.
1).You are being stupid. (=you are doing stupid things.)
2.) I was being very cheerful. (=I was doing something very cheerfully.)
3.) Who’s being a silly boy, then?
We don’t use this structure to talk about feelings
1).I’m happy just now. ≠I’m being happy just now.
2.) I was very depressed when you phoned. ≠I was being depressed…
14. There needs to be a lawyer… (Para. 15)
Some other verbs can also be used in this way. For example:
1) There seems to be some problems.
2) There happens to be a lecture going on.
3) There tends to be jealousy when a new little brother or sister comes along.
4) In a small town in Germany there once lived a poor shoemaker.
5) There remains nothing more to be done.
6) Suddenly there entered a strange figure dressed all in black.
7) There followed an uncomfortable silence.
There are thought to be more than 3,000 different languages in the world.
There was said to be disagreement between the Prime Minister and the Home Secretary.
15. …who can act as a champion for the rights of… (Para. 15)
a) a person who fights for, or speaks in support of a group of people or a belief
a champion for justice
a champion of the poor
b) a person , team, etc. that has won a competition, esp. in a sport
the world basketball champions
a champion jockey / swimmer / boxer
fight for or speak in support of a group of people or a belief
he has always championed the cause of gay rights.
16. …not seek to convict them of cheating. (Para.17)
convict sb of: decide and state officially in a court of law that sb. is guilty of a crime.
accuse sb of (minor faults or a crime)
charge sb with (not used to refer to minor faults)
1. Role play: Paras 4-10
2. Group Discussion:
What do you think of the present welfare system in China?
1. Interviewing and writing
Step A: Group Work Interview at least five laid-off workers to understand the current welfare system in China
Step B: Write on the topic of “Welfare System in China” by basing on the interview. And report what you have written to the class.
2. Prepare for Section B.