News report one
(1) The British government has called for more men to consider a career innursing. Figures show the number of male nurses has fallen in the last threeyears. Now, the number of men working in the nursing sector has reached usseven year low. Numbers of male nursesincreased between 2011 and 2014 and reached a peak of 7168. This figure hasdropped to only 6924 in 2017. (2)The UK Health Secretary said this isclearly a cultural problem, and probably one that exists in many parts of theworld. But we can make efforts to change that now. We want to persuademales to think about career options of going into nursing. There is absolutelyno reason why men can't go into this profession. The health secretary said thatthe government already has plans to attract a more varied workforce intonursing. She stated, we are leading the way on workforce planning. We willbecome the first nation in europe to publish a national health and careworkforce plan.
Questions one and two are based on the news report you have just heard.
1. What problem is Britain facing?
2. What is the cause of the problem according to the UKHealth Secretary
News report two
(3) A man from Libya was enjoying a walk along the sands at southport beach.When he was about half a mile out from the dark, he felt a bit tired. So he laydown and fell asleep, but the tide swept in quickly at the beach. And theman was shocked to wake up and find the tide had come in and completelysurrounded him, cutting him off from the shore. Fortunately for him, the beachlife guards were quickly on the scene to stop him from drowning. The actorprofessionally to ensure the man was comfortable until an ambulance arrived. Hewas then taken to hospital. He is now in a stable condition. (4) Wheninterviewed Keith porter of the southport beach said, our beach is so flat thatit's very common for the tide come around the back of people and cut them offfrom the beach. Thankfully the emergency services have again worked well togetherto ensure a positive outcome. And we wish the gentleman a speedy recovery.
Questions three and four are based on the news report you have just heard.
3. What does the news reports say about the Libyan man?
4. What did Keith Porter say at an interview?
News report three
(5)A raccoon, a small cat like animal climbed to the top of a 25-storysky scraper early on Wednesday. It was captured after becoming an online staracross the world.
At a little before three am, the animal made it to the roof of the building,after it took a long break on a 17th floor window edge. At the top of thebuilding, animal control officers put cat food in traps and captured theraccoon.(6)A private wildlife management company will release the animalinto the wild. The raccoons upward journey began on Monday. The brownanimal was spotted stuck on a narrow window edge of the office tower. OnTuesday, the raccoon slowly climbed the building. It reached the 23rd floor,and it's legend continued to grow on social media with every floor it climbed.
As it went up, people gathered on the sidewalk below to take photos andcheer for its safety. Online office workers posted photos and videos of theraccoon, resting on window edges and climbing up the building's concreteexterior. (7) One online post said that the raccoon has succeeded in unitingthe country the way no politician could.
Questions five to seven are based on the news report you have just heard.
5. What does the news report say about the raccoon, a smallcat like animal?
6. What will the wildlife management company do with thecaptured raccoon?
7. What did one online post say?
W: (8) I have reallyamazing news. I just got a text message from my bank, saying my salary has beendeposited in my account.
M: Getting paid asgood. But I don't understand why you're so excited. It happens every month.
W: Well, I've beenworking for a few years. In fact, I worked all through university, but I onlyhad part time jobs then. (8) So this is the first time I've ever been paidfor a month of full time work.
M: Well, then you mustfeel great. (9)I mean, it’s been two decades, but I can still remember whenI got my first real salary. I was happy for day. I felt like it was a smallfortune, even though it wasn’t.
W: I've never earned somuch money before. And there's so many things I'd like to do with it.What didyou do with your first pay?
M: (10) I bought a newsuit for work and took my parents to a nice restaurant to celebrate. Maybe youcould do the same.
W: I have enoughprofessional clothes. And my parents are across the country. So seeing them isimpossible. But some people from the office are members of a gym. I want tojoin. And my university classmates are arranging a trip to visit our oldcampus, and I'd love to go with them, but I can't afford both.
M: (11) If I wereyou. I join the gym because it's a good way to stay healthy, and it might helpyou build a stronger relationship with your colleagues. And goodrelationships are key to a successful career.
W: (11) Hm. You'reright. Thanks for the advice. I'm taking it.
Question 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
8. Why did the woman feel excited?
9. When did the man get his first full time job?
10. What did the man do when he got his first pay?
11. What does the woman say she is going to?
W: What's going on withyou lately? You seem so distracted. Like you aren't really listening toanything. I say.
M: I know. I'm sorry.(12) I can't seem to focus on anything, because I still haven't decided if Ishould accept the offer for that phd program in London, or if I should take thejob offer in New York.
W: Look, it's a toughdecision, but you're running out of time, aren't you? I thought you said thecompany expected an answer by the end of the month.
M: Actually, it's thebeginning of next month for the job, but the university needs a decision by theend of the week. So I have to act quickly.
M: You definitely needadvice for the important decision like this. (13) So who have you talked toabout it? What does your family think? And your adviser for your mattersprogram?
M: I've asked theiradvice and that's part of the problem. My parents want me to get the degree,but my advisor thinks it's time for me to get more work experience.
W: What do you mean bypart of the problem? Oh, wait, (14) it's your girlfriend, isn't it?You've been dating since your first year of university, so that six years now.She must have an opinion about all this. I mean isn't it time for you to thinkabout getting married?
M: I do want to getmarried, (15) but she thinks we need to wait until we've launched ourcareers. Plus, she's not sure what she'll be doing next year. She'sconsidering a job in England and one in Australia. And her parents are pushingfor the latter.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you havejust heard.
12. Why does the man seem to be distracted?
13. What does the woman, say she man should do?
14. What does the man say is part of his problem?
15. Why doesn't the man’s girlfriend agree to get marriedright now?
(16) Analytical skillsare our ability to understand and solve problems using Information we haveavailable. These skills are extremely important for our professional,social, and intellectual lives. What are the best ways to improve them? One wayis to expand your world view. Unfortunately, this takes time. Ultimately, itwill help you better evaluate information and analyze different ideas andoutcomes. Travelling is a great way to expand your world view, although it canbe expensive.
(17) An entertaining wayof enhancing your analytical skills is to engage them by playing brain games.These are games that challenge you to think deeply and to develop youranalytical skills. These games will get you used to thinking in a certain way.As a result, they will help improve your ability to think. However, opinionsvary on whether video games are effective. The general consensus is that thebest ones avoid mindless violence, and instead focus on strategy and challengeus to solve problems and achieve broad goals.
(18)Joining a debate orreading club or group is also a good idea. This provides people with theopportunity to come together and discuss ideas, literature and problems. Groupslike these will help you refine your analytical skills and enable you toexpress yourself better. Any social group that encourages free exchange ofideas and pursuit of knowledge is beneficial. It helps you to actively developyour analytical skills.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have justheard.
16. What kind of ability do analytical skills refer to in thepassage?
17. What does the passage say is an entertaining way ofenhancing one's analytical skills?
18. What else does the speaker advice people to do to improvetheir analytical skills?
There's an endless amountof scientific data proving that dogs can develop strong bonds with theirowners. People aren't kidding when they say they love their dog or their dogloves them,(19) but were rather ignorant about the nature of therelationships that form between dogs.
In an effort to understandthe matter further, I spoke with doctors Mark Beckhoff a researcher and formerprofessor of animal behavior. The-doctors response to the question of whetheror not dogs can fall in love like humans do was a straight “Of course!” (20) Hewent on to say that if love is defined as a long term commitment meaningdogs seek one another out when they’re apart, they're happy when they'rereunited, they protect one another, they feed one another, they raise theirchildren together.(20) Then, of course, dogs love each other.
Now our furry friends don'treally experience romantic love, like in the movies, but they can form deep andlasting bands with their fellow dogs as well as humans.
(21) In fact, evidenceshows almost dogs stay with one partner their whole lives.In actuality,love between dogs can be even more intimate than human relationships.
When they interact, theyaren’t afraid to smell each other and will express themselves clearly andhonestly, Once again, it seems we have a lot to learn from dogs.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have justheard.
19. What does the passage say we don't know much about?
20. What does Dr. Mark Beckhoff say about dogs?
21. What does the speaker say about most dogs?
A piece of history has beenfound thanks to a boy tripping on a rare, 1.2-million-year-old animal fossil.In November 2016, Jude Sparks, now 10, was on an outing with his family neartheir New Mexico home, (22) when he tripped over what he thought was a cowbone. (23) Now, researchers at New Mexico State University preservingthis discovery, which was identified as an ancient elephant-like animal.Kyle Sparks, father of Jude, said he let his son decide what to do with thefossil.
So Jude reached out toPeter Houde, a professor at new Mexico State University who had experience withthe same type of fossil in the past. The next day Houde came out to see thefossil for himself. (24) Houde told ABC News that he was quite excited aboutthe find. It was fortunate that the family didn't try to dig up the fossilbecause that could destroy the specimen; they did the right thing bycalling someone who would know what to do. "It's great for the community,because now everybody can appreciate it," he added.
Houde and his fellowfaculty members dug up the fossil in late May. (25) They hope to return tothe site with geologists for an additional search as there could before fossilsnear the site. Jude and his family had been invited by the researchers tosee the fossil being preserved at the university.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have justheard.
22. What did the boy Jude Sparks think he had discovered?
23. What are the researchers at New Mexico State Universitydoing with the boy's discovery?
24. What did professor Peter Houde say when interviewed byABC News?
25. What do the researchers plan to do?