Unit 8

Section A
1. mount 2. resembles 3. implication 4. prohibits 5. deliberate
6. debate 7. classified 8. guidelines 9. split 10. generated

Exercises on Web course only:
11. categories 12. breed 13. commission 14. draft 15. confusion

1. within reach 2. fall into 3. in terms of 4. get around
5. regardless of 6. referred to 7. What if 8. in the first place
9. concerned about 10. identical to

Exercises on Web course only:
11. in the wake of 12. comparable to 13. puzzling over

1. K 2. E 3. M 4. O 5. F 6. H 7. N
8. A 9. I 10. B

1. duties 2. emotions 3. interests 4. experience
5. responsibility 6. love 7. characteristics 8. memories
9. information 10. belief

Word Building
1. transposition 2. transatlantic 3. transmigrants 4. transformed
5. transnational 6. transoceanic 7. transshipped 8. transported

1. nonexistent 2. non-stop 3. non-art 4. non-college
5. non-productive 6. non-profit 7. non-fiction 8. non-violent

Sentence Structure
1. What if I say no
2. What if they don’t know
3. What if we can’t finish it on time
4. What if this happens to us someday
5. What if he has lied to us

1. The Bosnian peace talks are continuing in Geneva today with the new proposals at the top of the agenda.
2. All of Southern Africa is suffering from a severe drought with Mozambique and Zimbabwe among the worse-hit countries.
3. The Europe Summit in Paris is drawing to an end with the US in danger of being completely isolated.
4. With the King in prison, the chief commander came to power and ruled the country.
5. With stability itself under threat, the reforms deserve all the support they can get.

1. It sounds like a good idea, but what if it’s a trick?
2. Cities and towns in this area suffered a lot from the earthquake with Jiujiang and Ruichang among the worst-hit.
3. He complained that they should not have got involved in it in the first place.
4. For Mary’s sake, I can lend you my car to get around your transport problem.
5. In theory it’s feasible to clone a child to harvest organs, but in practice it would be psychologically harmful to the child.
6. He published an article under the name of Braver which stresses the idea that the process of cloning animals would work for humans as well.

1. 你说你不会把时间浪费在约会上,但如果遇到吸引你的男子,你会怎么办呢?
2. 为了帮助艾滋病患者,需要有新的措施,地方社团、非政府机构、政府和国际组织之间要建立密切的合作关系。
3. 上周,该国际传出消息说,他们正密切关注该地区的情况。
4. 在导致数百人死亡的污染事件发生之后,政府开始起草环境保护指导方针。
5. 正如这篇文章的作者所警告的,克隆人类可能是一件使人更加悲伤而非更加高兴的事。
6. 在一些西方国家,有些父母准备克隆孩子,目的是进行非致使非致命器官的移植。

1. A 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. C
9. A 10. C 11. C 12. B 13. B 14. C 15. A
15. B 17. D 18. A 19. D 20. B

Section B
Reading Skills
1. The title is actually a question. By using a question as a title, the writer tries to attract the readers’ attention. Obviously, it’s about the possibility or legality of human cloning. The writer will give us a thorough analysis as to who might take advantage of human cloning.
2. The language is formal and serious. Besides, it is emotional. The evidence for this is the repeated employment of rhetorical questions.
3. Altogether, there are seven questions, including the one in the title. Of the seven, four are rhetorical questions. They appear respectively at the end of Paragraph 2, Paragraph 3, Paragraph 4, and at the beginning of Paragraph 6.
4. Rhetorical questions are mainly intended to stir up the readers’ emotions, to put them off guard, making them ready to accept the writer’s opinion. Rhetorically, this is called emotional appeal. By using rhetorical questions four times, the writer of this text is appealing to the readers to accept the idea “Don’t just say no to human cloning”. With all the above in view, we can see that the text is persuasive.

Comprehension of the Text
1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. T

1. resigned 2. consent 3. governing 4. refusal 5. disposed
6. artificial 7. desirable 8. reproduce 9. violated 10. radical

Exercises on Web course only:
11. probable 12. reflection 13. resume 14. panic 15. opposition

1. She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.
2. It makes sense to buy the most up-to-date version.
3. If the day turns out to be wet, we may have to change our plans.
4. Upon reflection, she decided to accept his offer.
5. For the sake of a successful exhibition we should try our best to collect more famous paintings.
6. We reserved two tickets in the name of Brown.
7. We had to resign ourselves to taking a loss on the sale.
8. Economic and social inequalities can never be viewed as positive and constructive forces.
9. If he did move to Beijing, he’d stand a chance of getting a job.
10. These policemen are frightened at the prospect that they face a population which has the most advanced automatic arms at its disposal