新视野大学英语视听说教程4答案 unit 2 Beauty can be bought
II. Basic Listening Practice
W: Did you hear? Helen got modeling jib! She’s going to be sashaying down the catwalk.
M: Wow, that’s great! All that walking practice really paid off. And foe once she won’t be complaining about being so tall.
Q: Why did Helen get modeling job?
M: Julia, come and see the Miss America contest on TV. All those beautiful girls are walking around in bathing suits, so the judges can decide who has the best figure.
W: Bah! That’s the worst kind of exploitation. They are treating women like toys for people to enjoy. I would never take part in this kind of contest.
Q: What do the man and the woman think about the beautify contest?
W: What shall I do? I’m fat. I want to be slim and beauty, but I’m fat. I’ve tried all the new ideas, high carb and low carb, but nothing works.
M: Those diets are just fads, popular for a while and then forgotten. Just follow the usual diet with fruits, vegetables, fish, water, and get plenty of exercise. Before long you’ll see results.
Q: What has the woman tried?
W1: I think Lily is really attractive. She’s half Spanish and has this really sultry look about her.
W2: That explains why she tans so well. I’ve always been jealous of her skin color in the summer.
Q: Which of following is true of Lily?
M: Trust me, it was tight there on the Internet: “Plastic Surgery Increasing at a Faster Rate Among Men”. Apparently more and more men are trying to improve their appearance.
W: I saw it too on the news. Face-lifts, nose jobs, and box to hide wrinkle are now very popular with men. Men say it’s for business reasons, but we know it’s vanity.
Q: What does the woman think the real reason is that men have plastic surgery?
Keys: 1.B 2.A 3. C 4D 5B
III. Listening In
Task 1: A Friendly Stylist
Stylist: Morning, sir. This chair, please. What can I do for you?
Nick: A simple haircut: short on the back and sides.
Stylist: Very good. I can, of course, do something fashionable for only $60.
Nick: 60 dollars! That’s highway robbery—twice what I ordinarily pay.
Stylist: Perhaps, sir. But your haircuts haven’t been in harmony with your character. Your hair is at war with your soul.
Nick: I’ve never heard of such a thing.
Stylist: If I may say, I’m an expert at matching hairstyle to personalities. Believe me; you’re suffering a “disjunction”.
Nick: A disjunction? What the devil is a disjunction?
Stylist: Your hair does not match you.
Nick: This is utter nonsense. However, I’d like to hear how you’d solve this so-called problem.
Stylist: Your character is artistic, imaginative. But your hair is dull. I can correct that imbalance in seconds.
Nick: Okay, let me see what can you do about the…uh…disjunction, as you call it.
Stylist: We’re going to use scissors to create peaks, which we’ll keep in place with a liberal helping of gel….This tuft in the back we’ll braid into a pigtail. Now, it’s the new you!
Nick: I love it. It’s just like me: imaginative and artistic. Now what are you doing? What’s wrong? Don’t you see harmony in my new hairstyle?
Stylist: Something’s preventing your hairstyle from being a true fashionable statement.
Nick: For heaven’s sake, tell me what’s missing.
Stylist: Streaks. By putting in a few yellow streaks in your hair, it will become a work of art. Streaking will cost you more, but…
Nick: Do it. Forget the cost. But, by the way, what is the total getting to be? How much am I paying to avoid disjunction?
Stylist: That’s…$135. Sir? Sir, are you all right? Oh, he fainted.
6. When the stylist mentions $60, what does the customer say?
7. What does the stylist think about the customer’s hairstyle?
8. What will the stylist do with the customer’s hair?
9. What will streaking do to the man’s hair according to the stylist?
10. What is the passage mainly about?
Keys: 1C.A 3.D4.B 5.A
1. It means there is no match between you and your hair.
2. That’s…$135. Sir? Sir, are you all right? Oh, he fainted.
Task 2: The Voice Lift
After the face-lift, the forehead tightened, and the (S1) nose job, something still might be revealing your age: your (S2) voice.
For patients who think their trembly, hoarse words don’t (S3) match their newly face and figure, there’s a procedure that claims to make them (S4) sound younger too: the voice lift.
There are two general kinds of voice lifts. In some cases, implants (S5) inserted through an incision in the (S6) neck bring the vocal cords closer together. Doctors also use injections of (S7) fat or other substances to plump up the cords, so that the voice sounds younger.
(S8) The voice lift is becoming more widely known among an aging population, who try to make themselves sound younger.
“I speak in a great deal, or I was shouting, on a particular day, at the end of the day, I would feel exhausted,” said Robert Brown, 75, (S9) a retired construction engineer who underwent the voice lift several years ago, “I don’t know if I sound younger, but the hoarseness is gone, which is such a great improvement.”
(S10) Voice lift can also benefit people like performers, lawyers, teachers, and telephone operators who need to have a strong voice and hope to shave years off the sound of their voice.
Task3: A View of Happiness
Men are turning to plastic surgery and cosmetic procedures to brighten up their appearances at a faster rate than women, according to a survey released on Wednesday.
Men’s use of fat injections to soften deep wrinkles leaped 47 percent last year from the previous year. Women’s use of the injections fell 36 percent, according to a survey by the American Academy of Facial and Plastic Reconstructive Surgeons.
Men’s use of botox injections to eliminate frown lines rose 88 percent, while women’s botox use fell 8 percent.
And for smoothing skin, the use of laser resurfacing among men rose 13percent, the survey showed. Meanwhile, women’s use of laser resurfacing dropped 38 percent during the same time period.
The number of men getting nose jobs rose 47 percent, while the number of women doing so rose 5 percent.
Typically, men and women visiting plastic surgeons for cosmetic reasons were age 40 to 59.
The study said 44 percent of men and 57 percent of women tell their doctor that looking younger is the reason they are choosing cosmetic surgery.
By about 18 percent, men are more likely than women to say they want facial cosmetic surgery for work-related reasons.
The study was conducted by written questionnaires from January 20 to March 3 among more than 2,600 members of the association, who focus on treatment of the face, head, and neck.
By comparison, in the previous year, women’s use of botox rose 60 percent while men’s fell 14 percent; women’s use of laser resurfacing rose 13 percent while men’s fell 19 percent; women’s use of fat injections fell17 percent and men’s fell 54 percent.
6. What is true of men and women’s use of fat injections?
7. While of the following is true of nose jobs?
8. How much greater is the percentage of women choosing cosmetic surgery to look younger than the percentage of men?
9. What is true of men and women using botox in the previous year?
10. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
Keys: 1C 2.C3. B 4.B 5.D
IV. Speaking Out
MODEL 1 She’s having some cosmetic surgery.
Amy: Did you hear Nora’s off to Korea?
Bill: why is she going to Korea?
Amy: She is having some cosmetic surgery.
Bill: I’m floored! I thought she was beautiful already.
Amy: I know what you mean. She’s having her nose fixed.
Bill: Was it broken?
Amy: No, stupid, she’s having it made smaller.
Bill: If she wasn’t beautiful already, I could understand getting surgery. But she already has a nice nose.
Amy: But not a fashionable one. She’s also having her teeth straighten. She wants to have a perfect smile.
Bill: What for?
Amy: She believes a better physical appearance will improve her chance of getting a good job.
Bill: We won’t even recognize her when she gets back.
MODEL2 I think I need a face-lift.
Amy: Hi! Don’t you know anyone who’s had cosmetic surgery?
Susan: You mean like a liposuction? I don’t think that’s necessary. That’s not the way a woman should stay attractive.
Amy: Honestly, I won’t go as far as that. With surgery, I might look gorgeous, but it wouldn’t be the real me.
Susan: Yeah, people should be happy with the way they are.
Amy: I see your point. But I’m worried about the wrinkle around my eyes. I think I need a face-lift. Why can’t we go back to the way things were?
Susan: Because…I don’t know! But, Amy, you wouldn’t do that, would you?
Amy: Darned right I would! I don’t expect my skin to be baby-smooth, but I should at least be young-looking.
Susan: Isn’t makeup enough?
Amy: Come on, Susan. Be open-minded! Look at my eyes! They’re puffy. And my lower lids are dark and loose, and full of lines and circles. I really hope surgery can wipe out the tired look.
Susan: But what would other people think?
Amy: I don’t care other people think. I’m already for a lift.
MODEL3 How did you find the plastic surgery there?
Susan: How was your trip to Korea? How did you find the plastic surgery there?
Nora: It was all pretty scary at first.
Susan: As I see it, they certainly did a beautiful job for you. If I hadn’t recognized your clothes, I wouldn’t have known it was you!
Nora: Tanks, but underneath this surgery, it’s still the same old me.
Susan: Well, why did you want the surgery after all?
Nora: If I want to be competitive in the job market, I think this is indispensable.
Susan: How can you say that! You don’t need to change your looks to get a good job. Anyway, shall we get some lunch?
Nora: I’m not hungry, really I’m not.
Susan: Did you already have lunch?
Nora: I’m skipping lunch. I want to stay in good shape. I think I’m getting a bit too fat already.
Susan: Oh, Nora, don’t be so silly! You’re not fat at all, and you need to eat. If you don’t eat, you’ll get sick and wind up in hospital.
Nora: Ok, maybe I could eat a little. I do want to stay healthy.
Now Your Turn
Sally: Hi, John, nice to see you here.
John: Hi, sorry, your name escapes me momentarily
Sally: Oh, I’m Sally. Don’t you recognize me?
John: Now I see, you’re Sally! You have changed beyond recognition!
Sally: I had cosmetic surgery.
John: I’m confuses! I thought you were good-looking before.
Sally: My nose was rather flat. The bridge of my nose wasn’t high enough. So I got my nose fixed.
John: That’s absolutely unnecessary. I can also see your eyes have changed a lot.
Sally: Yeah, my single-folded eyelids have become double-folded.
John: What else did you do?
Sally: I also have my teeth straightened. I felt uncomfortable about my uneven teeth whenever I smiled. Now I think I have a better smile.
John: Why do you have so much surgery?
Sally: I believe a better physical appearance will help me land a better job.
John: Nonsense. Most employers are more interested in your practical ability than your looks.
V. Let’s Talk
Greetings, ladies and gentlemen. I hope you’ll find it interesting how to be fashionable without spending too much money.
Sure, some famous stars always look stylish. They have unlimited clothing budgets that put the latest looks at their fingertips! But you can also look amazing without spending lots of money on your wardrobes. Simple try the following suggestions on for size.
First, you should make seasonal purchases; that is, you should buy winter coats, leather jackets, bathing suits, ad summer dress at the end of the season. You’ll get major discounts as you stock up for the next year.
If you want clothes to wear right now, you can go to discount stores. They may not be the place to buy an expensive evening dress, but they’re perfect for buying things like T-shirts
There is yet another cheap way of you to buy stylish clothes. Many department stores have a store brand. It means they offer current styles but are much cheaper than big-name brands.
To save money, an important principle for you to follow is to not buy “outfits”. With the exception of suits, interchangeable piece are more affordable—buying clothing in separate.
Wear-with- anything pieces are always a good buy. For example, you can almost always wear a pair of black trousers and a white dress skirt; you can wear them several times a week, paired with different accessories.
If you can’t afford expensive clothes, you can spend money on accessories such as nice shoes and fashionable bags. Such extras make even the simplest outfit look polished.
Finally, a great haircut always helps. When you hair looks fabulous, you look more stylish and fashionable.
Money-saving Methods Detailed Description
seasonal purchases You should buy things at the end of the season. You’ll get major discounts, and you’ll be stocked up for the next year.
discount stores They’re perfect for buying things like T-shirts.
A store brand Stores offer current styles that are much cheaper than big-name brands.
Don’t buy outfits Buying separates is much more affordable.
Wear-with- anything pieces You can almost always wear a pair of black trousers and a white dress skirt; you can wear them several times a week, paired with different accessories.
spend money on accessories Examples are nice shoes and fashionable bags. Such extras make even the simplest outfit look polished
a great haircut You look more stylish and fashionable with a nice haircut.
VI. Further Listening and Speaking
Task1: Beauty Contests and Plastic Surgeries
Juliana Borges, who was named “Miss Brazil” early on Tuesday, had plastic surgery four times and underwent 19 smaller operations. She was just one of many competitors who were determined to improve their appearance through surgery.
“Plastic surgery make me more beautiful and gave me confidence in myself and the perfect measurement that won me this title,” said the beauty queen in a green dress, who was representing Brazil’s southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Borges, 22, had liposuction and had her chin, nose, and ears worked on, as well as, had her breasts enlarged.
With the development of plastic surgery, more and more of Brazil’s would-be beauty queen are finding it easier to achieve the ideal measurements. These days, young hopefuls from the Amazon jungle to big cities in Brazil’s south are planning surgery.
A third of the 27 finalists at the beauty contest went under the scalpel after rules were changed in the 1990s.The new rules permit plastic surgery, colored contact lenses, and hair dye at beauty contests.
The organizers of the Miss Brazil contest said, “It’s a war out there, and all of the beauty tools that can be used should be used. Other countries like Venezuela paved the way, and Brazil is going to have to use those tools as well if it wants to compete in Miss University beauty contests.”
But Brazil’s love for plastic surgery is not limited to beauty contests. Most young women who undergo surgery want to find a better man or a higher-paying job.
5. How many surgical operations did the former Miss Brazil have altogether?
6. What change has plastic surgery brought, according to the passage?
7. Which of the following is allowed after the rules changed in the1990s??
4. Which of the following countries is mentioned as a pioneer in using beauty tools?
5. What is the goal of most young Brazilian women who undergo surgery?
Keys: 1.A 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.A
Task 2: Is it true beauty?
John: There goes Camilla. She looks gorgeous today, doesn’t she? Her skin is as smooth as a baby’s bottom. Her lips are a perfect Cupid’s bow. She must have dozens of admirers.
Becky: I wonder what she looks like without all makeup. She must out it with a spoon. It’s like a mask. I don’t understand what men find so attractive about her.
John: Do I detect a hint of jealousy?
Becky: She has nothing for me to be jealous about.
John: I’ll be you believe in those saying like: Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
Becky: True beauty comes from within. Natural materials should be enough to bring it out.
John: But do you always stick to those rules? When I went past your apartment last night, I saw you in the kitchen with some green substance smeared all your face.
Becky: They were cucumbers. They’re natural healers of the skin. Haven’t you heard people say on TV that they soften the skin, wipe out the roughness, and build strength and resilience?
John: Yeah, yeah, yeah! They wipe out lines and age signs. Blah, blah, blah! See, I can even recite that advertisement.
Becky: You’ve learned a lot, haven’t you?
John: Since you can keep your skin so young-looking and maintain your figure so well, you might as well as write a book on beauty secrets.
Becky: Don’t pull my leg. Anyway, you’d do well to try the cucumber treatment on yourself. Put some cucumber slice on your head. At least they’ll keep that bald spot from shining so brightly.
Task3: Changing Your Hairstyle to Improve Your Appearance
If you want to look better, changing your hairstyle can be a simple fix. If you’re trying to reach a weight-loss goal, a new hairstyle is a quick and easy way to freshen up your looks—and boost your confidence.
According to a popular hair stylist, clients often say, “I want to cut my hair, but I should lose weight first.” But that’s not the right sequence; it’s the other way around. You should know what hairstyle will flatter you the most, the style that will show off you particular feature to the best advantage even before you begin to lose weight.
For example, many may want to follow a tread and wear long hair. But some may look better with shorter hair if they have a round face. “When it’s too long, it can drag your face down and actually bring attention to the features you don’t want to emphasize,” says Guy Riggio, a famous hair stylist in Los Angeles. How short is too short? That depends the length of your neck. Riggio says, “The longer the neck, the shorter you can go.”
Some top stylists believe that women should stay clear of bangs. Thick bangs may be fashionable at times, but even thin bangs are hard to wear. “They change the shape of your face, making it seem shorter,” says New York hair stylist O’Connor. Instead, you should pull your hair away from your face. It will make your face look longer.
Finally, pick a stylist who’s knowledgeable and whose opinion can be trusted. Then have fun with the new style.
1. It is a quick and easy way to freshen up your looks—and boost your confidence
2. Clients often say, “I want to cut my hair, but I should lose weight first.” But that’s not the right sequence; it’s the other way around.
3. The speaker say if you have a round face, you may look better with short hair.
4. That depends the length of your neck. The longer the neck, the shorter you can go.
5. They change the shape of your face, making it seem shorter
The Miss World title went to first black African contestant ever in its 51-year history at the Miss World finals in Sun City, South Africa on Friday.
Organizers of the pageant said they expected about one billion people to have turned in to watch the beauty queen extravaganza. The event was hosted by American talk show host, Jerry Springer, at a glitzy resort in the heart of South Africa’s bush country.
The pageant was created in 1951 by a public relations executive for a small leisure and entertainment company. It was initially intended to be only a one-time event, but was continued after the United States began the rival Miss Universe contest in 1952.
In more than half a century, there have been only three Miss World winners from Africa, two of them white South Africa and the third from Egypt.
Miss World has until now been dominated by winner from Europe, the Americas, and India, the majority of them being Caucasian.
The contestants in this pageant are judges in three different categories: beauty, grace, and charm; talent, poise, and personally; and figure and deportment. After the first round of judging, the original group of 92 contestants was pared down to only ten finalists who would go on to compete for the title.
The second-runner up in this ten year’s pageant was Miss Scotland, 18-year-old Juliet-Jane Horne.
The People’s Republic of China was represented for the first time this year by 18-year-od Bing Li.
The title of first runner up went to Miss Aruba, 19-year-old Zerelda Lee.
The competition was fierce as each of the ten finalists took her turn in the spotlight in front of a live audience.
But out of the 92 contestants, it was Miss Nigeria, 18-year-old Agbani Darego, who took home covered title and the $100,000 prize.
Before being crowed, Darego took the victory walk wearing a lime-green, body hugging dress and waved to a cheering crowd.
The news of her victory sparked rapturous celebrations all over Nigeria’s biggest city, Lagos.