新视野大学英语视听说教程4答案 unit 1 Enjoy your feelings!
II. Basic Listening Practice
M: I’m beside myself with joy. I’m so lucky. Guess what? I’ve won a lit of money in the lottery.
W: Yeah? Well, you do know that money is the root of all evil, right?
Q: What does the woman mean?
W:Mary was furious. Her son wrecked up her car.
M:He shouldn’t have driven a car without a driver’s license. He‘sstill taking drivinglesson.
Q: What dowe know about Mary’s son?
M: Susan, I hear you’re going to marry that guy. Some people think you’ll regret it.
W:Is that so? Only time tell.
Q: What does the woman imply?
M: Mary, I just want to say how sorry I was to learn of yourmother’s passing. I knowhow close you two were?
W:Thank you. It was so sudden. I’M still in a state of shock Idon’t know what to do.
Q: Which of following is true?
W: I get furious at work when my opinions aren’t consideredjust because I’m a woman.
M: You should air your view more emphatically and demand that your vice be heard.
Q: What is the woman complaining about?
Keys: 1.C 2.B 3. D 4.A 5.D
III. Listening In
Task 1: Soft answers turn away wrath.
Mary:Dam! You’re spilled red wine on me. My new dress is ruined.
John:I’m terrible sorry! What can I do to help? Here’s some water to wash it off.
Mary:Stop splashing water on me! Oh, this is so embarrassing! I’m a mess.
John:Well, you do look a littleupset. Please don’t blow up. Don’t lose your cool.
Mary: Hmm, you’ve got the nerve talking like that! Who shouldn’t fly off thehandle? This dress cost a fortune.
John:You look really cute when you’re mad. I kid you not. Some people do look attractive when they are in a rage.
Mary: This is very expensive dress. I saved for months to buy it, and now it’s ruined. Look at this stain!
John:Accidents do happen. Give me your dress, andI’ll takeit to the cleaners.
Mary:Sure! You want me to take it off right herein public and give it to you? I don’teven know you!
John:This might be a really goof time to get acquainted. I’m John Owen.
Mary: Mmm, at least you’re polite. I guess I really shouldn’t have flaredup. After all, it was an accident. I’m Mary Harvey.
John: Come on. I’ll take you home. You can change your clothes, and I’ll get the dress cleaned for you.
Mary: Now you’re talking. Thanks. You’re a real gentleman.
John: You’d better believe it. I’m glad to see that you’ve cooled down. Feel look a bite to eat afterward? I’m starving.
Mary: Ok. You’re pretty good. I’m not nearly as mad. If you can get this stain out, I’llbe very happy.
John: I’ll try my best. But if I can’t get the stain out, please don’t let your happiness turn to wrath.
1. Which of the following would be the best title for the dialog?
2. Why does the woman get angry?
3. What does the man say to please the woman when she looks angry?
4. Why does the woman say the man is a real gentleman?
5. What is the man’s final proposal?
Keys: 1D 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.C
Task 2: Big John is coming!
A bar ownerin the Old West has justhired a timid bartender. This (S1)ownerof the establishment is giving his new hire some instructions on (S2)runningthe place. He tells the timid man,“If you ever hear that Big John is comingto town, (S3)dropeverything and run for the hills! He’s the biggest, nastiest(S4) outlawwho’s ever lived!”
A few weeks pass (S5)uneventfully. But one afternoon, a local cowhand comes running throughtown (S6) yelling,“Big John is coming! Run for your (S7) lives!”
When the bartender leaves the bar to start running, he is knocked to the ground by several townspeoplerushing out of town. (S8) As he’s picking himself up, he sees a large man, almost seven feet tall. He’s muscular, and is growing as he approachesthe bar.
He steps up to thedoor, ordersthe poor barkeep inside, and demands, “I want a beerNOW!”
He strikes his heavy fist on the bar, splitting it in half. (S9) The bartender nervously hands the big man a beer, hands shaking. He takes the beer, bites the top of the bottle off, and downs the beerin one gulp.
As the terrifiedbartender hides behind the bar, the big man gets up to leave,“Do you want anotherbeer?”the bartender asks in a trembling voice.
“Dang it, I don’thave time!”the big man yells,(S10) “I got to get out of town! Don’t you hear Big John is coming?”
Task3: A View of Happiness
Dr. Smith has proposed a reasonable, if perhaps somewhat oversimplifies, viewof happiness. According to his theory, happinessmight be described as a state if balance. And when human or certain animals achieve that balance, they rend to remain in that condition in order to repeat thehappy feeling.
To illustratethis, we may study two magnets. When their positive and negativepoles meet, they are comfortably joined, and they remain there. In other words, they have attained a balance or state of happiness. If on the other hand, one of the poles is reversed, and positive pole is pressesagainstpositive pole, there is resistance, instability, imbalancea state of unhappiness.
Animals with some degree of intelligence seem to find happiness in reinforcement. Once they have gained one or more of their goals such as food, and water, they learn to repeat the actions that led to satisfaction of those goals. This repetitionor reinforcement produces a state of balance or sense of happiness.
According to this theory, only animals with a significant capacity to learn should be able to experience happiness. But in truthlearning can take place through surprisingly simple short-term action such as scratching an itch, followed by pleasure, followed by more scratching, and so on. Thus learningcan occur with almostno consciousthought.
For human beings, blessed with the ability to reason, goals are not limited to the short-term satisfactionof needs. Indeed, there is a strong link betweenhappiness and the
1. Why does the speaker mention “magnets”?
2. According to the passage, what may animalsdo after they have gotfood?
3. Which of the following is true according to the speaker?
4. What does the speaker say is special about thegoals of human beings?
5. Which of the following best captures the main idea of the passage?
Keys: 1D 2.C3. B 4.D 5.A
IV. Speaking Out
MODEL 1 Don’t let it get to you!
Susan:Youlook so angry. What happened?
Chris: Nothing I’d rather not talk about it. Just don’t ask.
Susan:Come on. Relax. Talk to me.
Chris:All right. Thismorning I took my car to the garage to check the air conditioner. They only gave it a quick look, refilled it with some Freon, and charged me 300bucks!
Susan:No wonder you’re livid. I’d be mad too if someone ripped me off like that.
Chris:Yeah. And they were rude. They said I didn’tknow anything about cars, which I don’t, butthey didn’t have to be blunt!
Susan: Soundslike you got a raw deal!
Chris: What’s worse, as I was leaving, I herd then saying, “Don’t trust that guy. He looks broke.”When I heard that, I almost hit the roof.
Susan:Don’t let it get to you. Better ignorethem.
Chris: I agree. I did manage to keep my cool.
Susan:Well, the best thing you can do is to file a complaint with the Consumer Protection Agency.
Chris: sounds like a good idea.
MODEL2 I’m too depressed.
Susan:Chris, I hear you’ve been down in the dumps, soI’ve come to cheer you up.
Chris: It’s not gong o work. I’m too depressed
Susan:Come, on.Tell me what’s on your mind.
Chris:Everything. My girlfriend left me; my dog ran away; my wallet was stolen.
Susan:Don’t worry. I’ll help you solve the biggest problem: finding you a new girlfriend.
Chris:Forget it. Anyway, I’m getting bad grades, and Iwas told that I’d have to repeat a lot of courses next year. When I heard that, I almost lost it.
Susan:Look, relax. I’ll help you with those courses.
Chris: Yeah, but I also have three week’slaundry to do., and my roomis a pigsty.
Susan:Forget it. You’re on your own.
Chris: Come, on. What are friends for?
Susan:To keep you in high spirits; not to do yourlaundry.
MODEL3 You seem to be on topof the world.
Nora: Oh, hey, John!
Nora:You seem to be on top of the worldtonight. What’s up?
John:I’m so happy I’m about to burst. Guess what?
John: It might be true that misfortunes never come singly, but you can alsohave a “doubleblessing”. Andthat’s what I had.
Nora: You mean you’ve had two happy events in your life?
John:Exactly. You know, I wasstrong in all subjects except physics. Now I’ve finally passed the test--the one I needed to qualify for a Bachelor’s degree.
Nora:Congratulations! You’d failed itthree times. Now wonder you’re beaming. What’s the other goodnews?
John:The multinationalI wasdong my field project at offered me a job at a good staring salary.
Nora: Wow, wonderful, simple wonderful.
John:I feellike celebrating.Shall we go to a bar?
Nora: Why not?
Now Your Turn
A: You look furious. Whathappened?
B:Nothing. I’drathernot talk about it. Justdon’t ask.
A:Come on. You shouldn’tkeep yourfeeling to yourself. Youneed to let off some stream. So, talk tome.
B:All right. This morningI went to a shop to buy a digital camera, I only need an ordinary one. It is enough for my tours in the summer vacation. Buy they persuaded me to buy a professional camera, which cost three times as much.
A:But you were willing tobuy for it. Anyway, it must workbetter.
B:You see, I knownextto nothing about photography. So they simply tricked me into buying an expensive one.
A:No wonder you’re livid withrage. I’d be mad too if I were robbed like that. What are you going to do?
B:I already went back to them and asked to exchange it for a cheaper one.
A: What did they say?
B:Oh, they were rude. They insisted that they hadn’tencouraged me to buy a professionalcamera, and that I bought itmyself.
A: Sounds like you got a raw deal!
B:What’s worse, as I was leaving, I heard they say, “That guy looks broke. He shouldn’t havebought any camera.”
A: Don’t let it get to you. Better ignoretheir rude remarks.
B: I agree. I did manage to keep my cool.
A: Well, the best thing you can do is to file a complaint with the Consumer Protection Agency. If they talk to the shop, maybe they will give you a refund.
B: Sounds too good to be true.
V. Let’s Talk
Hello, everyone. Today I inviteyou to join me in an exploration off the causes of depression. There ate many factorsinvolved, but I believesome deserve special attention.
Heredity certainly plays a role. .The tendency to developdepressionmay be inherited; there is evidencethat this disorder may run in families.
Physiologyis another factor related to depression. There may be changesor imbalances in chemicalswhich transmit information in the braincalled neurotransmitters. Many modern antidepressant drugs attemptto increaselevels of certain neurotransmitters so as to increase brain communication. While the causal relationship is unclear;it is known that antidepressant medications do reliever certain symptoms of depression.
Researchers also study psychological factors. Theyincludethe complexdevelopment of one’s personality and how one has learnedto cope with external environmentalfactors, such as stress. It is freeqently observedthat low self-esteem and self-defeating thinking are connected withdepression. Whileitis not clear which is the cause and which is the effect, it is knownthat suffererswho areable to make corrections to their thinking patternscan show improvedmood and self-esteem.
Another factor causing depressionis one’s early experiences. Events such as the death of a parent, the divorceof the parents, neglect, chronic illness, and severe physicalabuse can also increasethe likelihood of depression later in life.
Some present experiences may also lead to depression. Jobloss, financial difficulties, long periods of unemployment, the lossof a spouse or other family member, or other painfuleventsmay trigger depression. Long-term stress at home, work, or school canalso be involved.
It is worth nothing that those living with someone suffering from \depression experience increased anxiety which adds to the possibility of their also becomingdepressed.
It is inherited and run infamilies.
changes or imbalances in chemicalscalled neurotransmitters, which transmit information in the brain
Antidepressant drugs relieve certain symptomsof depression.
Low self-esteem and self-defeating thinking are connected with depression.
Sufferers who make correctionto their thinking patterns can show improved mood and self-esteem.
Event like the death of a parent, the divorce of parents, neglect, chronic illness, and severe physical abuse can increase the likelihood of depression.
Job loss, financial difficulties, long periodsof unemployment, the loss of a spouse or other family member, or long-term stress may trigger depression.
Living with somebody withdepression
This causes increased anxiety, which adds to the possibilityof their also becoming depressed.
VI. FurtherListening and Speaking
Task1: Reason and Emotion
Emotionis sometimes regardedas the opposite of reason;s is suggested by phrase such as” appealto emotionsrather thanreason”and “don’t let your emotions take over”. Emotional reactionssometimes produceconsequences or thoughts which people maylater regret or disagree with; but duringan emotional state, they could not control their actions. Thus, it is generally believedthat one of the most distinctivefacts about human beings is a contradictionbetween emotionandreason.
However, recent empiricalstudies do not suggest there is a clear distinction between reason and emotion. Indeed, anger or fear can often be thought of as an instinctive response to observed fact. The human mind possesses many possible reactions to the external world. Those reactionscan lie on a continuum, with someof them involving the extremeof pure intellectual logic, which is often called “cold”, and others involving the extremes of pure emotion not related to logical agreement, whichis called“theheatof passion”. The relation logicand emotion merits careful study. Passion, emotion, or feeling can reinforcean argument, eventone based primarily on reason. Thisis especially true in religionor ideology, which frequently demandsan all-or-nothing rejection or acceptance. In such areas of thought, human beings have to adopt a comprehensive view partly backed by empirical argument and partlyby feeling and passion. Moreover, several researchers have suggested that typicallythere isno “pure”decision or thought; that is,no thoughtis based“purely””on intellectual logicor “purely”on emotion—most decisionsare founded on a mixtureof both.
1. What results does the speaker may some from emotional reactions?
2. What is the popularbelief about reason and emotion?
3. What does the speaker mean by “cold“?
4. According to the passage, what should people do in religious matters?
5. What is the speaker’s conclusion?
Keys: 1.A 2.B 3.C 4.C 5.D
Task 2: Depression
Pat: You look depressed. Are you feelingblue? I’ve come to cheer you up.
Ted: But there’s nothing that can cheer me up. I’m down in the dumps. Life’s miserable
Pat: You haveto try to get your mind off things.
Ted: But I can’t. I just feel there’s too much pressure on mesometimes!
Pat: You can’t let things getyou down. Learnto relax and stop worryingall the time. What’s your problem?
Ted: I failed my last exam, and another exam is coming, I get bored.
Pat: If I were you, I’d start working hard. If you work hard for a longtime, you’re bound to get bettergrades. You see, “no pain, no gain”.
Ted: It’s easiersaid than done! If I read for fifteen minutes, I getbored.
Pat:You have to learn some self-discipline.
But how canI stay cheerful allthe time?
Ted: Worse than that! If I read for half an hour, I get a headache. Then I start to worry about passing the next exam.
Pat: It’s all in your mind.If you stay cheerful like me, everything will soon be OK.
Ted: But how canI stay cheerful allthe time?
Pat: Try to look on the bright side of things.
Ted: But what if there isn’t a bright side?
Pat: You know the saying: Every cloud has a silver lining. It means there’realways tow sides to everything—both the dark and the bright sides. So, try to identify your strengthsand bring then into full play.
Ted: Oh, no! Your corny old sayings are making me even more depressed.
Anger is an emotion that can be hard to control. Despite this, we shouldlearn how tomanage anger in a constructivemanner. In the most intense momentsof anger, we usually have two choices: to fight or to run. Some choose the option of violence, which is a negative reaction to anger; and others choose torun. Some may think running means you are a coward. But the option of walking away and claiming down is the more productive methodof handling anger. It is difficult to walk away, especially when your heart is racing, andyour anger is boiling over.
There are constructive ways of handling anger in any situation. First, you have to stop for a brief moment and think before you act. Take that moment and calm down id you feel yourself being pushed.
At that moment you shouldadmit you areangry. If you refuse to admit you’re angry or hurt, or ifyou make it appear that everythingis peaches and cream, you are not managing angry in a productive way. You should first admit you are angry and let yourfeelings out before you blow up. Foe example, you can stay in a quiet place by yourselfand shout; or you cantalk to a close friend to vent your rage. If you do not acknowledge your anger, it only builds up inside you and will eventually explode like a volcano
Then, in order to manage your angry, you can ask yourself an important questionthat we all must ask ourselves,“What made me angry?”When you get the answer, and thenask yourself, “Why did that made me angry?”Through such logical reasoning, one tends to calm down andmove toward a sensible solution.
U.S. Roller Coaster
The world’s first4D roller coaster, “X”, took on its firstpassengerslast week at the Six Flags Magic Mountain theme park, just outside Los Angeles.
After climbingon board and properlysecuring their safety harnesses, “X”riders are first to aheight of over 66meters. At the top, the passengertrain is releasedand builds up enough speed to race and plummetaround the track at speeds of over 130km an hour.
The rider takes the daring passengersdown an incredible 66m diveand over thetop of a 62m loop, in cars that spin independently of the roller coaster train. This unique design allows riders to spin360degree, both forwards and backwards, through the entire ride.
Passengers hurtle through this ride often moving in many different directionsat the same time ad the cars somersaultback and forthand the roller coaster twists, loops, and dives.
The complicated series of maneuvers includes two raven turn, one front flip, one twisting front flip, and two back flips.
Since passengers aren’t alwaysfacing the right direction to see what’s coming up next, the element ofsurprise is high. For “X”riders, this addsto the thrill of the ride.
The track of this newest roller coaster runs a total length of a little over1, 100meters. The passenger trains measure 6meters wide and 21meters long, large enough to carry 28 passengers at a time. Atfull capacity,the trains can take 1,600passengers for the ride of their lives each hour.
The entire ride lasts for only a total about 2minutes, but you can tellfrom the exhilaratedfaces of passengers returning to the boarding dock that they were two of the most thrilling
minutes of heir lives.