构成：引言段 + 主体段 + 结论段
组成：开头句(Opening sentence)+ 中心论点
A. Opening sentence 五种方法：
题目1：Many schools demand the students to wear uniforms. Some people think that such a practice can undermine their personality and individuality.
The issue of whether the practice of requiring students to wearschool uniforms will affect their personality and individuality is of greatinterest to many people.备选：
Be of great concern for many parents——引起父母的关注Be of great importance to many scientists——对科学家来说至关重要Be of great significance to both A and B——对于A 和 B 都是非常重要的
The question of how human beings can define and pursue happiness isa matter of much contention among the general public .
备选：The question of _____________ has been widely debate in the world ofpolitics.
套路：Although it is + 副词 + 过去分词 + that…，this is...
题目1：The older generations have very traditional ideas about the correct ways of life, thinking and behavior. However, some people think that these ideas are not helpful for the young generations to prepare for modern life.
范文1：Although it is commonly believed that conventional views about a healthy life style and proper condect are no longer to young people's needs today, this is actually not the case.
Although many people subscribe to the belief that their oldrelatives can be taken better care of in a nursing home, this is in fact acommon misconception that we need to clear up. From my point of view, it is theyounger family members who should really be responsible for looking after theseold people during the rest of their lives.
Although it is commonly believed that ?, this is actually not thecase.
Although many people subscribe to the belief that ..., this is infact a common misconception that we need to clear up.
Although conventional wisdom has it that?., the reality of thesituation is often far more complicated than that.
释义：subscribe to 订阅、同意、预订 conventional wisdom 大众观念
题目1： Some people support the development in agriculture, such as farmingindustry and the scientific creation of new types of fruit and vegetables.Others oppose this development. Discuss both views and state your opinion.
Recent decades havewitnessed a major transformation in agricultural development, where industrialtechnologies are being employed and new varieties of crops are being created.Yet , opponents of this development have raised a number of difficult questions.From my opinion of views, this is a really complicated matter, and we needfurther investigations to understand the bigger picture.
备选：Recent decades have witnessed an increase awareness of
释义：understand the bigger picture 了解事物的全貌
题目2：With divorce rates and family break downs increasing globally, it is generally accepted that families today are not as close they used to be.
Divorce and family breakdownwere virtually unheard of just 100 years ago. Now, however , almost half of allmarriages fail. This phenomenon is symptomatic of the growing distance betweenfamily members in modern society.
Somepeople hold the opinion that the government should make more investments isexpanding and improving road systems, whereas others who are not so convincedpresent the counterargument that it is the responsibility of the growing numberof private car users to deal with the huge costs. In my opinion, both sides ofthe argument have their own reasons, and we need a detailed analysis to get tothe root of this controversy.
With the huge expansion of high technologies available toindividuals, it is sometimes argued that economic and cultural gaps between therich and poor are being further widened.
With the unprecedented explosion of large supermarkets and shoppingmalls, a lot of small local shops have quietly disappeared while the remainingones are struggling for hopeless survival.
释义：unprecedented explosion 前所未有的爆发
With the continuous and gradual evolution of mass media, manyserious crimes are now described in greater detail on newspapers, televisionand the Internet, raising considerable public concern over personal safety andsocial stability.
With the mass extinction of endangered and rare species, manycountries have taken harsh measures against illegal hunting, unregulateddumping of industrial waste and rampant destruction of their natural habitatsby human developers.
提问：Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
反对→ In my opinion, these subject are not only useful but also fascinating, and it is simply too early for primary school childrem to study science and technology.
提问：To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
范文 2：→ From my point of view
提问：Discuss both sides and give your own opinion
范文3：→1. To my way of thinking , both sides ofthe argument have their own reasons, and we need a detailed analysis to get tothe root of this controversy. 双方都有理，需要仔细分析才可了解争议起因→2.To my way of thinking , both these views can be justified tosome extent. 一定程度上都有道理→3. To my way of thinking, both these views contain some elements ofthe truth, which will be discussed in detail in the followingessay.
提问：In what ways could mobile phones and Internet be useful to olderpeople? How can old people be encouraged to use this high technology?→ To my mind
提问：Does the usefulness of this method of learning outweigh itslimitations?(advantage = usefulness，disadvantage =limitations)→ To the best of my knowledge
提问：What others factors should be considered? Of these factors, do youthink anyone is more important than others?→ As far asI am concerned