表示过去的动作和状态,通常一般过去式带有表示动作时间状语的词。表示一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形式。eg. 动词词尾加 -ed。
一般过去式构成: 表示一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形式来表示,而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基础上变化的。动词的过去式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。规则动词的过去式变化如下:
1.动词词尾加 -ed ,如: worked played wanted acted
以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如: lived moved decided declined hoped judged raised wiped
2.以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如: studied tried copied justified cried carried embodied emptied
3.以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如: stopped begged fretted dragged dropped planned dotted dripped
注:不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。 go - went make - made get - got buy - bought come - came fly-flew
一般过去式的用法
1.带有确定的过去时间状语时,要用过去时如:yesterday(昨天)、two days ago…(两天前…… )、last year…(去年…)、the other day(前几天)、once up on a time(过去曾经)、 just now(刚才)、in the old days(过去的日子里)、before liberation(解放前…)、 When I was 8 years old(当我八岁时…)如:

Did you have a party the other day?
前几天,你们开了晚会了吗?
 
Lei Feng was a good soldier.
雷锋是个好战士。


注意:在谈到已死去的人的情况时,多用过去时。如:
2.表示过去连续发生的动作时,要用过去时。这种情况下,往往没有表示过去的时间状语,而通过上下文来表示。

The boy opened his eyes for a moment,looked at the captain,and then died.
那男孩把眼睛张开了一会儿,看看船长,然后就去世了。


3.表示过去一段时间内经常或反复的动作,常与always,never等连用。如

Mrs. Peter always carried an umbrella.
彼得太太过去老是带着一把伞。(只是说明她过去的动作,不表明她现在是否常带着伞。)


4.如果强调已经终止的习惯时要用used to do。如:

He used to drink.
他过去喝酒。(意味着他现在不喝酒了。喝酒这个动作终止了)
 
I used to take a walk in the morning.
我过去是在早晨散步。(意味着现在不在早晨散步了)


5.有些句子,虽然没有表示过去确定时间的状语,但实际上是指过去发生的动作或存在的状态的话,也要用过去时,这一点,我们中国学生往往出错,要特别注意!

I didn''t know you were in Paris.
我不知道你在巴黎。(因为在说话时,我已经知道你在巴黎了。这句话指的是说话之前,所以只能用过去时表示。实际上,这句话暗指:But now I know you are here.)
 
I thought you were ill.
我以为你病了呢。(这句话应是在说话之前,我以为你病了。但是现在我知道你没病)
 
一、单项选择: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(10)
( )1. My father______ill yesterday.
A. isn't B. aren't C. wasn't D. weren't
( )2. ______your parents at home last week﹖
A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were
( )3. The twins______in Dalian last year. They______here now.
A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was
( )4. ______your father at work the day yesterday ﹖
A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after
( )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖
—______.
A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn't
二、请用正确动词形式填空。(10)
1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.
2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.
3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?
He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.
4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.
5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.
She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.
三、句型转换
they read english last night.
一般疑问句:________________________________________
肯定/否定回答:____________________________________
对划线部分提问:____________________________________
1.There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be)
2.There __________ not enough people to pick apples that day. ( be)
3.There _____________ any hospitals (医院) in my hometown (家乡) in 1940. ( be not)
4.There ____________ enough milk at home last week, wasn’t there?
5.I ____________ to japan last week. ( move)
6. When _______ you _________ (come) to china? - last year.
7.Did she ________ (have) supper at home?
8.Jack ____________ (not clean) the room just now.
9._________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday?
10.How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term?
11.It ________ (be) hot yesterday and most children _______ (be) outside.
12. There ________ (be) a football match on tv yesterday evening, but i _________ (have) no time to watch it.
习题答案:
一、单项选择:1---5 CDBAB
二、1.had 2. Did; practice; didn't 3.did; do; watched; read 4.went
三、did they read english last night?
yes,they did./no,they didn't.
what did they do last night?
四、
1.was
2. were
3.Weren’t
4.was
5.Moved
6.did come
7.have
8.didn’t clean
9.was
10.Were
11.was were