LEONARD: Turns out that Raj and Howard had to work and Sheldon had a colonoscopy, and he hasn't quite bounced back yet.
PENNY: Ooh, my uncle just had a colonoscopy.
LEONARD: You're kidding. Well, then, that's something we have in common.
PENNY: So, what's new in the world of physics?
PENNY: Really? Nothing?
LEONARD: Well, with the exception of string theory, not much has happened since the 1 930 .and you can't prove string theory.At best you can say, "Hey, look, my idea has an internal logical consistency."
PENNY: Ah. Well, I'm sure things will pick up.
LEONARD: What's new at the Cheesecake Factory?
PENNY: Oh, uh, not much. Oh, we do have a chocolate key lime that's moving pretty well.
After a slowdown through 1990, China's economic bounced back mightily, reaching a recent peak of 13 per cent growth last year. 中国经济在经历了1990年的缓慢增长以后，强力反弹，去年达到13%的增长高峰.
2. nip in the bud防患于未然；消灭于萌芽状态
To nip something in the bud is better than to talk about whose responsibility after something happens.与其在事后来追究责任，不如防范于未然.
3. what's new in最近...有什么新动向,对久未见面的朋友也可以直接说what's new,最近怎么样啊?
4. with the exception of除了.
5. pick up 好转,除此之外pick up还有学会,捡起,获得等意思.
6. that's moving pretty well.这里是销量好的意思.