“旗袍”在英语中有一个固定的词,不过是一个loanword,外来语,写做cheongsam,是从广东话Cantonese里来的。我们也可以拼写为qipao或者chipao:

The cheongsam is a body-hugging one-piece Chinese dress for women; the male version is the changshan. It is known in Mandarin Chinese as the qipao or chipao, and is also known in English as a mandarin gown.
旗袍是中国一种紧身的连衣女子服饰,男子的被称为长衫。英语中也用mandarin gown来表示这种服饰。

清朝时候的旗装是很宽松的,1900年之后,在上海,旗袍的样式发生了改变:

The modernized version is noted for accentuating the figures of women, and as such was popular as a dress for high society. As Western fashions changed, the basic cheongsam design changed too, introducing high-necked sleeveless dresses, bell-like sleeves, and the black lace frothing at the hem. By the 1940s, cheongsam came in a wide variety of fabrics with an equal variety of accessories.
现代版的旗袍很贴身,更能显出女子的身材,为上流社会的女性所推崇。旗袍的式样也跟随西方时尚而变化,出现了高领无袖、喇叭状袖子和黑色蕾丝泡泡镶边的款式。到上世纪四十年代,旗袍已经有很多种不同材质和配饰。

旗袍和长衫的那种标志性小立领被称为mandarin collar,a short unfolded stand-up collar style,而旗袍的那种盘扣被称为frog,或者Chinese frog,frog在这里不是青蛙的意思哦,意为一种用细绳做的扣饰:

A frog (sometimes referred to as a Chinese frog) is an ornamental braiding for fastening the front of a garment that consists of a button and a loop through which it passes.
盘扣是一种装饰性的编织状扣子,用来扣住一件衣服的前襟。

(本文章由沪江原创,仅供腾讯世博英语专题独家转载。)

【世博与文化】让中国文化走遍世界

北京的“非物质文化遗产”>>

中国玉文化之五德>>

汉服文化>>

英语介绍《清明上河图》

英语介绍圆明园

紫色的文化内涵>>

英语介绍皮影戏>>

更多世博精彩>>

【中高级口译暑期班】想备战今年秋季的中高口考试?还是想好好利用两个月的时间充实自己?天热一样能好好学习,来沪江网校中高口暑期班体会一下吧!

快速入口:【高口暑期班】  【中口暑期班】 

时间更充裕的你,就来特训班试试吧:【高口暑期特训班】 【中口暑期特训班】

暑期学习计划有安排了吗?怕热怕晒的话就来沪江网校吧,足不出户,自在学习!我们的暑期“强档”已经重磅推出了,爱学习的孩子们赶紧来看看吧!