来源：英语点津 2012-05-16 09:00
Nowadays, it refers to a large city — particularly an important one.
In ancient Greece, metropolis referred to the mother city of a colony. Metropolis comes from the Greek mētēr ("mother") + polis ("city").
The term originates in the Latin mater, meaning "mother."
The original (now-archaic) meaning of matrix was "uterus." Today the word usually refers to a situation or set of conditions in which something develops or forms.
Alma Mater 母校
Alma mater refers either to a school one attended, or to that school's song.
The ancients used alma mater as a title for such goddesses as Ceres, the Roman goddess of the growth of food plants, and Cybele, who was worshipped as the universal mother of gods, humans, and animals.
Matrimony joins two people, but that pairing is rooted in one word: mother.
Matrimony comes from mater, Latin for "mother." This reflects the traditional role of marriage in legalizing motherhood – allowing women to produce legitimate children and heirs.
The fact of the matter is this: the Latin word for "mother," mater, is this word's distant ancestor.
Mater was shaped into materia, meaning "physical substance" or "matter." Materia eventually developed into matter.
Why did mother lead to matter? The connection is uncertain, but perhaps it's because matter is the substance from which something is made; and it is mother from which we all are made.