The graph below shows the process of making three kinds of tea.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.
The flow chart demonstrates how to make three different kinds of tea, namely green tea, oolong tea and small leaf black tea. Basically there are six steps for each kind, but the end products become various due to different processes in some steps.
The first three stages are the same for all kinds of tea. To begin with, tea leaves are grown in the fields and then plucked at a suitable period. After the chosen leaves are withered, they can be used as raw materials to be processed by different methods in accordance with the requests of the final products. To be specific, green tea needs to be steamed and rolled in the fourth and fifth step. While oolong tea does not require steaming, rolling is a must followed by slight fermentation. By contrast, the fourth and fifth stage for small leaf black tea is crushing and full fermentation.
Despite the different procedures in the intermediate stages, the last step to make three kinds of tea is the same. The processed materials are finally put into the oven and dried. After the six steps are all done, tea of different types are well-produced.
①end product: 成品
②process: v. 处理，加工
③in accordance with: 根据
④intermediate: adj. 中间环节的
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题目：Many people say that they believe it is important to protect the environment but make no effort to do anything about it themselves. Why do you think this is the case? What action do you think individuals should take to protect the environment?
解题思路：本题是一道非常典型的雅思报告类题目。在给出现象之后，需要考生分析原因，并给出解决方案。题目中说到“they believe it is important to protect the environment but make no effort to do anything about it themselves”，就已经框定了讨论范围：人们已经有了环保意识只是没有行动。因此在写作时就要以这个已有现象为背景进行论述，不要跳出范围。而且第二个问题中，题目问的是“what actions individuals should take”，那么回答时就尽量避免讨论政府、社会等非个人因素。
The problem of environment degradation has become a broadly known challenge for almost everyone these days. Despite the wide acknowledgement, we seldom see any practical actions taken to mitigate the severity of global pollution. The reason for this and how to solve it will be discussed in this essay.
The most obvious reason for this is that people lack a sense of responsibility as individuals. Not a few people believe their behaviors are so trivial that barely can they affect the global climate change or deforestation. In their opinions, only government and large corporations are able to make a difference. Therefore, these individuals just spare no effort changing their habits as it is so difficult and inconvenient to adapt another way of life.
On a larger scale, the leading bodies and media coverage fail to guide the public in a more detailed manner, not to mention the proper supervision that plays a key role in combating pollution. While it is true that the bad news about environment is delivered, the measures and suggestions to tackle the problem from daily life still need to be disseminated before each individual knows exactly what to do to make a better world.
To reverse the current situation, individuals should firstly be aware of their functions in protecting the environment. A responsible mind for the world can actively help individuals get used to a new living style more comfortably. Additionally, it is recommended to choose apps or other hi-tech programs to visualize a person’s contribution to the environment, whichh will become a great incentive to encourage environmentally-friendly behaviors. For example, an app called Alipay calculates one’s everyday carbon footprint, such as the frequency to take buses and use shared bikes. There are different marks depending on daily actions, so users can directly see the feedbacks and become more willing to keep good behaviors a habit.
The environment issues involve us all in the world, therefore everyone should shoulder their own share of responsibility. Not only government and large companies are obliged to take the lead, but also individuals should find the best way to improve our living environment.
①degradation: n. 恶化
②trivial: adj. 微不足道的
③the leading bodies: 上级领导
④media coverage: 媒体报道
⑤reverse: v. 反转
⑥visualize: v. 可视化
⑦be obliged to : 有义务做……
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