Since the reform was launched in 1978, China has transformed from the planned economy into a market-based economy, experiencing rapid economic and social development. On the average, 10% of the GDP growth has made more than five hundred million people out of poverty. The “millennium development goal ”of the United Nations has been realized or are about to be reached in China. At present, the 12th five-year plan in China emphasizes the development of service industry and solve the problem of environmental and social imbalance. The government has set up a goal to reduce pollution, increasing energy efficiency，improving the chance of education and health care, and enlarging the social security. 7% of annual economic growth target in China shows that the government attaches great importance to the quality of life rather than the growth rate.
The ideal of country life reflected by the art and literature is the important feature of Chinese culture, which is, to a large degree, attributed to the feelings to the nature from Taoist. There are two most popular topics in the traditional Chinese painting. One is the various scenes of happiness about family life, in which the old man often plays chess and drinks tea, with the man in the harvest, woman in weaving, children playing out of doors. The other scene is all kinds of pleasures about country life, in which the fisherman is fishing on the lake, with the farmer cutting wood and gathering herbs in the mountains and the scholar chanting poetry and painting pictures sitting under the pine trees. The two themes can represent the life ideal of Confucianism and Taoism.
China will strive to ensure that employees should received an average of 13.3 years of education by 2015. If this goal can be achieved, the majority of people who enter the labor market will be required to obtain a college degree in the future.
Over the next few years, China will focus on increasing college enrollment: apart from attaching importance to the higher education system, China will also seek new breakthroughs to pursue a fairer educational system. China is making efforts to optimize the use of educational resources so that rural and less developed areas will receive more support.
The Ministry of Education also decides to improve student nutrition in underdeveloped regions, and to offer equal education opportunities for children of migrant workers in the city.