It would be all too easy to say that Facebook's market meltdown is coming to an end. Afterall, Mark Zuckerberg's social network burned as much as $ 50 billion of shareholders' wealth injust a couple months. To put that in context, since its debut(初次登台) on NASDAQ in May,Facebook has lost value nearly equal to Yahoo, AOL, Zynga, Yelp, Pandora, OpenTable,Groupon, LinkedIn, and Angie's List combined, plus that of the bulk of the publicly tradednewspaper industry:
As shocking as this utter failure may be to the nearly 1 billion faithful Facebook usersaround the world, it's no surprise to anyone who read the initial public offering (IPO)prospectus (首次公开募股说明书). Worse still, all the crises that emerged when the companydebuted-overpriced shares, poor corporate governance, huge challenges to the core business,and a damaged brand-remain today. Facebook looks like a prime example of what Wall Streetcalls a falling knife-that is, one that can cost investors their fingers if they try to catch it.
Start with the valuation(估值). To justify a stock price close to the lower end of theprojected range in the IPO, say $ 28 a share, Facebook's future growth would have needed tomatch that of Google seven years earlier. That would have required increasing revenue by some80 percent annually and maintaining high profit margins all the while.
That's not happening. In the first half of 2012, Facebook reported revenue of $ 2.24 billion, up38 percent from the same period in 2011. At the same time, the company's costs surged to $ 2.6 billion in the six-month period.
This so-so performance reflects the Achilles' heel of Facebook's business model, which thecompany clearly stated in a list of risk factors associated with its IPO: it hasn't yet figured outhow to advertise effectively on mobile devices, The number of Facebook users accessing thesite on their phones surged by67 percent to 543 million in the last quarter, or more than half itscustomer base.
Numbers are only part of the problem. The mounting pile of failure creates a negativefeedback loop that threatens Facebook's future in other ways. Indeed, the more Facebook'sdisappointment in the market is catalogued, the worse Facebook's image becomes. Not onlydoes that threaten to rub off on users, it's bad for recruitment and retention of talentedhackers, who are the lifeblood of Zuckerberg's creation.
Yet the brilliant CEO can ignore the sadness and complaints of his shareholders thanks tothe super- voting stock he holds. This arrangement also was fully disclosed at the time of theoffering. It's a pity so few investors apparently bothered to do their homework.
◆1. What can be inferred about Facebook from the first paragraph?
A.Its market meltdown has been easily halted.
B.It has increased trade with the newspaper industry.
C.It has encountered utter failure since its stock debut.
D.Its shareholders have invested $ 50 billion in a social network.
◆2. The crises Facebook is facing_____
A.have been disclosed in the IPO prospectus
B.are the universal risks Wall Street confronts
C.disappoint its faithful users
D.have existed for a long time
◆3. To make its stock price reasonable, Facebook has to____
A.narrow the IPO price range
B.cooperate with Google
C.keep enormously profitable
D.invest additional $ 2.6 billion
◆4. It can be inferred from the context that the "Achilles' heel" (Line 1, Para. 5) refersto____
◆5. What effect will Facebook's failure in the market have?
A.Its users' benefits will be threatened.
B.Talented hackers will take down the website.
C.The CEO will hold the super-voting stock.
D.The company's innovation strength will be damaged.
1.C)。本题考查第一段的主旨大意。此种题型可以使用排除法，将各选项代入原文来验证对错。A)“脸谱网的市场崩溃已被轻而易举地制止了”，原文开篇指出，说脸谱网的市场崩溃将要结束未免太简单了.A)与原文不符，故排除;B)“脸谱网增加了与报纸业之间的商务往来”，原文首段末句plus that of… 中的that指的是value，意指脸谱网自登陆纳斯达克以来，损失的价值等同于几个大型互联网企业加上大部分报业价值的总和，B)与原文不符，故排除;C)“脸谱网自股票上市以来遭遇了巨大失败”，由第一段中的burned，lost等词可以推断脸谱网上市后遭遇了巨大失败，故为答案。