Question 51 t0 55 are based on the following passage.
Beginning in the late sixteenth century, it became fashionable for young aristocrats to visit Europe and above all Rome, as the culmination(终极) of their classical education Thus the idea of the Grand Tour was born, a practice which introduced Englishmen, Germans, Scandinavians, and also Americans to the art and culture of France and Italy for the next 300 years.Travel was arduous and costly throughout the period.possible only for a privileged class the same that produced gentlemen scientists authors antique experts and patrons of the arts.
The Grand Tourist was typically a young man with a thorough background in Greek and Latin literature as well as some leisure time some means and some interest in art.The German traveler Johann Winckelmann pioneered the field of art history with his comprehensive study of Greek and Roman sculpture.he was portrayed by his friend Anton Raphael Mengs at the beginning of his long residence in Rome.Most Grand Tourist however stayed for briefer periods and set out with souvenirs of their travels as well as an understanding of art and architecture formed by exposure to great masterpieces.
Since there were few museums anywhere in Eurpe before the end of the 18th century Grand Tourists often saw paintings and sculptures by gaining admission to private collections. and many were eager to acquire examples of Greco-Roman and Italian art for their own collections In England, where architecture was increasingly seen as an aristocratic pursuit, noblemen often applied what they learned from the villas of Palladio in Veneto and the evocative ruins of Rome to their own country houses and gardens
51 What is said about the Grand Tour?
A)It was fashionable among young people of the time
B)It was unaffordable for ordinary people
C)It produced some famous European artists
D)It made a compulsory part of college education
52 What did Grand Tourists have in common?
A)They had much geographic knowledge
B)They were courageous and venturesome
C)They were couragcous and venturesome
D)They had enough travel and outdoor-life experience
53 How did Grand Tourists benefit from their travel?
A)They found inspiration in the world's greatest masterpieces
B)They got a better understanding of early human civilization
C)They developed an interest in the origin of modern art forms
D)They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture
54 Why did many Grand Tourists visit the private collections?
A)They could buy unique souvenirs there to take back home
B)Europe hardly had any museums before 19th century
C)They found the antiques there more valuable
D)Private collections were of greater variety
55 How dis the Grand Tour influence the architecture in England?
A)There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings
B)Many aristocrats began to move into Roman-style villas
C)Aristocrats' country houses all had Roman-style gardens
D)Italian architects were hired to design houses and gardens
51. [B] It was unaffordable for ordinary people.
52. [C] They were versed in literature and interested in art.
53. [D] They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture.
54. [B] Europe hardly had any museums before the 19th century.
55. [A] There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings.