ROBOTS came into the world as a literary device whereby the writers and film-makers of the early 20th century could explore their hopes and fears about technology, as the era of the automobile, telephone and aeroplane picked up its reckless jazz-age speed. Since moving from the page and screen to real life, robots have been a mild disappointment. They do some things that humans cannot do themselves, like exploring Mars, and a host of things people do not much want to do, like dealing with unexploded bombs or vacuuming floors. And they are very useful in bits of manufacturing.


But reliable robots—especially ones required to work beyond the safety cages of a factory floor—have proved hard to make, and robots are still pretty stupid. So although they fascinate people, they have not yet made much of a mark on the world. That seems about to change. The dramatic growth in the power of silicon chips, digital sensors and high bandwidth communications improves robots just as it improves all sorts of other products.





The Chinese nation is a big family composed of 56 ethnic groups, who have laboured, lived and multiplied on this vast land from ancient times. They have devoted their intelligence and wisdom to the splendor of Chinese civilization and the construction of a unified multiethnic nation. The deep-rooted Chinese culture serves as a strong bond for ethnic harmony and national unity.


The Chinese civilization has undergone historical vicissitudes of more than 5 millenniums, inheriting the spiritual bond of the country and the nation, nourishing the everlasting and expanding Chinese nation. As China’s economy and society develops, the Chinese civilization will certainly display more vibrant vitality which conforms to the new times.