新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson95

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.How did your clothes get into such a mess?
你的衣服怎么搞得一塌糊涂?

mess 表示“脏乱状态”时通常与in连用或与 get into连用:
When she returned from the market, the children had got the room into a terrible mess.
她从市场回去后,孩子们已经把房间里弄得一塌糊涂。

Why was her hair in such a mess?
她的头发怎么会那么乱?

2.University students set the Embassy on fire this morning.
今天上午大学生们放火点着了大使馆。

set on fire 为固定短语,表示“使……燃烧”、“放火烧……”:
In 1834, someone set the Houses of Parliament on fire.
1834年,有人放火点着了国会大厦。

Have you found out who set my car on fire?
你们是否已经查出是谁烧了我的车?

3.The fire broke out in the basement.
地下室突然着火。

break out 可以指火灾、战争等“突然发生”、“爆发”:
World War I broke out in 1914.
第一次世界大战于 1914年爆发。

When the fire broke out in the ship, Sally was frightened out of her wits.
当轮船突然着火时,萨莉吓得惊慌失措。

4.The Ambassador's wife went on asking questions…
大使夫人继续提出问题……

go on+ 动名词表示某个动作“继续不停”:
We went on talking till after midnight.
我们继续谈话直到午夜以后。

go on+ 不定式则指做不同的事:
After making the bed, she went on to cook breakfast.
铺好床后,她接着便做早饭。

5.Someone fired a shot through my office window.
有人向我办公室窗户开了一枪。

fire 在这里是动词,表示“发射(枪、弹等)”:
When the prisoner of war tried to escape, a guard fired a gun at him.
那战俘试图逃跑时,一名卫兵向他开了一枪。

A young man fired on the British Ambassador to Japan.
一位年轻人向英国驻日本大使开了枪。

词汇学习 Word study

1.aim

(1)vt., vi.(把……)瞄准/对准:
He aimed a fire extinguisher at me.
他把灭火器对准了我。

He aimed at the dog but missed.
他瞄准了那只狗,但没打中。

(2)vi. 目标在于,志向:
What he aims for is money.
他追求的是金钱。

She aims to be a painter.
她想成为一名画家。

(3)n. 目的,目标,志向:
What is your aim in life?
你的生活目的是什么?

You've missed your aim again.
你又没击中目标。

2.post vt.

(1)派任,委派(与人连用):
I must definitely get that fellow posted.
我一定要把那个家伙打发走。(get…posted 为使役式)

Two months ago, Horst was posted to Paris.
两个月以前霍斯特被派往巴黎。

(2)邮寄(与物连用,美国英语用 mail):
He posted me a Christmas card last year.
去年他给我寄了一张圣诞卡。

Would you please post this parcel for me?
你替我把这包裹寄了好吗?

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.关键句型练习答案

A
When she asked what had happened and how his clothes had got into such a mess, the Ambassador answered drily that a fire extinguisher had been responsible. He then told her that university students had set the Embassy on fire that morning. His wife was most surprised and asked him where he had been at the time. The Ambassador answered that he had been in his office as usual. When the fire broke out in the basement, he had gone down to investigate and a man called Horst had aimed a fire extinguisher at him. Horst thought the Ambassador was on fire. The Ambassador said that he must definitely get the fellow posted. His wife suddenly noticed a big hole in her husband's hat and asked him how he could explain it. The Ambassador said that someone had fired a shot through his office window. The shot was accurate, but fortunately he had not been wearing his hat at the time. If he had, he would not have been able to get home for lunch.

B
have just received…said…has broken…were demonstrating…

demonstrated…broke…set…were protesting…has recently been imposed…

was recently imposed…said… has been seriously affected…

is said… was bravely defended…kept…announced…would be taken…

2.多项选择题答案

1d 2a     3b 4a       5d 6c
7d 8c     9a 10c     11d 12c 

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新概念英语第二册第95课的自学导读,希望对你有所帮助。大使不好当啊,又是被人放火烧大使馆,又是被枪击的……OK,以上纯属虚构(just a fantasy)。 http://i1.w.hjfile.cn/topic/zhishi.png 分享到:
2013-01-22 : 周周
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