新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson92

所属:沪江英语  来源:互联网   评论:1  划词:已禁用  手机版

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.ask for trouble
自找麻烦,自讨苦吃(多用于口语)

You shouldn't have been so rude to her. You are asking for trouble.
你不该对她那么粗鲁。你这是自找麻烦。

The boss seems to be annoyed. To talk to him now is to ask for trouble.
老板似乎在生气。现在找他谈话是自讨苦吃。

2.I don't think the windows need cleaning at this time of the night.
我看不必在夜里这个时侯擦窗子吧。

(1)有些动词如 think, believe, expect, suppose 等后面跟表示否定意思的宾语从句时,否定词not 往往用在主句中,但译成汉语时否定意义应在宾语从句中。我们一般不说 I think
Mary won't come this evening,而说 I don't think Mary will come this evening。又如:

I don't believe he is still in London.
我相信他已不在伦敦。

(2)need cleaning 的含义相当于 need to be cleaned。need 表示“需要”时,后面接的动名词有被动的含义(cf.第44课语法):
The strap needs mending.
这提包带需要修理。

2.I immediately regretted answering in the way I did.
我立刻后悔不该那样回答。

regret 后面接动名词形式与接不定式的含义不同。接动名词形式表示对做过的事感到后悔,接不定式则表示对现在将发生的事感到遗憾或抱歉(cf.第41课课文详注):

I regretted saying it almost at once.
我几乎马上就后悔说了这话。

We regret to inform you that you needn't come here next week.
我们很遗憾地通知你下周不用来这儿了。

与 regret 相似,remember, forget, stop 等动词后面接不定式与接动名词形式的意义有很大不同。 remember / forget+不定式指未来的动作(或从过去观点看的“未来的”举动):

Remember to post the letters.
要记着/别忘记去邮信。

I remembered to post the letters.
我记着去邮信了。(没有忘记)

Don't forget to ask Tom.
别忘记去问汤姆。

I forgot to ask Tom.
我忘了去问汤姆。

remember / forget+ 动名词形式则指过去的动作(已发生过):
I remember posting / having posted the letters.
我记得已把信寄了。

Have you forgotten meeting / having met her at a party?
你忘记了曾在一次聚会上见过她吗?

stop+ 不定式指目的:
On the way to the station I stopped to buy a paper.
去车站的路上,我停下来买了一张报纸。

stop+ 动名词形式表示停下正在做的动作:
When he told us the story, we just couldn't stop laughing.
他给我们讲故事时我们不禁都笑个不停。

词汇学习 Word study

1.tone n.

(1)语气,口气,腔调:
The policeman answered in a sarcastic tone.
警察用讽刺的口吻回答。

The waiter greeted us in a friendly tone.
那侍者用友好的口气同我们打招呼。

(2)语调,声调:
You should use the rising / falling tone at the end of this sentence.
在这句话的结尾你应该用升调/降调。

(3)格调,风格,气氛:
Her dress has a bright tone.
她的衣服格调明快。

The building has a foreign tone.
这座建筑物有一种异国情调。

2.用于并列补充句和反应句的 so与 neither/nor

so和 neither/nor 用于并列补充句和表示反应的句子时表示“也”、“同样”, so 用于肯定句,neither /nor 用于否定句(neither 和 nor完全可以互换)。它们后面跟的是省略形式的分句,只有助动词+ 主语,也可以是情态助动词 +主语:

You should work less and so should I.
你应该少干一点,我也应如此。

You shouldn't work so hard and nor should I.
你不应该如此用功,我也不应该。(重复情态助动词should)

I've got a new car and so has John.
我买了一辆新车,约翰也买了一辆。(重复助动词 have)

She's going to help us and so is Jim.
她将帮助我们,吉姆也将帮助我们。(重复助动词is)

He likes his beer and so does Frank.
他喜欢啤酒,弗兰克也喜欢。(加助动词 does)

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.关键句型练习答案

B (sample sentences)

1 I am accustomed to working late at night.

2 Fancy seeing you here!

3 I always avoid going to expensive restaurants.

4 He accused me of telling lies.

2.难点练习答案

1 He likes classical music and so do I.

2 He has had breakfast and so have I.

3 He doesn't like classical music and neither do I.

4 She will buy a new dress and so will I.

5 He hasn't had any breakfast and neither have I.

6 They ran quickly and so did we.

7 She won't buy a new dress and neither will I.

8 You are late and so am I.

9 They didn't run quickly and neither did we.

10 He could speak French and so could I.

11 He could not speak French and neither could I.

3.多项选择题答案

1b 2c     3d 4c        5b 6a
7b 8b     9a 10d      11c 12a 

本资料由网友整理上传

新概念英语第二册第92课的自学导读,希望对你有所帮助。词汇学习部分讲解了的“用于并列补充句和反应句的so与neither/nor”,对此不太清楚的筒子一定要关注哦。 http://i1.w.hjfile.cn/topic/zhishi.png 分享到:
2013-01-12 : 周周
40
参与越多,收获越多!
评论: 评论加载中...