In America, people are faced with more and more decisions every day, ____1____ it’s pick-ing one of thirty-one ice cream ____2____, or deciding whether and when to get married. That sounds like a ____3____ thing, but as a recent study has shown, too many choices can make us confused, even paralyzed ____4____ indecision. “That’s particularly true ____5____ it comes to the work place,” says Barry Schwartz, an author of six books about human behavior. Students____6____ with a variety of skills and interests, but often ﬁ nd themselves ____7____ when they are to choose an ultimate career ____8____ . In a study, Schwartz observed decision-making among college students ____9____ their senior year.
Based on answers to questions ____10____ their job hunting strategies and career decisions, he divided the students into two groups: maximizers, who ____11____ every possible option, and satisficers, who look until they find an option that is good enough. You might ____ 12____ that the student who had undertaken the most ____13____ search would be the most satisﬁ ed with their ﬁ nal decision, but it ____14____ that’s not true. Schwartz found that while maximizers ended up ____15____ better-paying jobs than satisficers on ____16____, they weren’t ____17____ happy with their decision.
The reason why these people feel less satisﬁ ed is that a world of possibilities may also be a world of ____18____ opportunities. When you look at every possible option, you ____19____ to focus more on what was given up than what was gained. After surveying every option, a person is more acutely ____20____ of the opportunities they had to turn down to pursue just one career.
1. A. such as B. either C. whether D. even if
2. A. tastes B. ﬂ avors C. varieties D. styles
3. A. nasty B. great C. reasonable D. common
4. A. with B. of C. at D. from
5. A. when B. as C. before D. after
6. A. graduate B. are graduating C. have graduated D. graduated
7. A. overwhelmed B. overexcited C. dumbfounded D. stupeﬁ ed
8. A. direction B. choice C. pursuit D. goal
9. A. before B. after C. from D. during
10. A. regardless B. regarding C. regarding of D. as regard
11. A. like B. choose C. consider D. deny
12. A. know B. agree C. argue D. expect
13. A. exhaust B. exhausting C. exhausted D. exhaustion
14. A. turns away B. turns in C. turns out D. turns against
15. A. in B. at C. to D. with
16. A. equal B. average C. terms D. percentage
17. A. so B. that C. as D. less
18. A. missing B. missed C. gaining D. gained
19. A. tend B. oblige C. used D. incline
20. A. afﬁ rmative B. clear C. regretful D. aware