专八改错练习第二十九篇:

Aimlessness has hardly been typical of the postwar Japanwhose
productivity and social harmony are the envy of the UnitedStates
and Europe.But increasingly the Japanese is seeing a decline oftheir __1__
traditional work-moral values. Ten years ago young people were
hardworking and saw their jobs as their primary reason forbeing,
but now Japan has large fulfilled its economic needs, and young people __2__
don't know where they should go next.
The coming of the age of the postwar baby boom and an entry __3__
of women into the male-dominated job market has limited the opportunities __4__
of teen-agers who are already questioning the heavy personal
sacrifices involved climbing Japan's rigid social ladder to good __5__
schools and jobs. In a recent survey, it was found that only 24.5
percent Japanese students were fully satisfied with school life,compared __6__
with 67.2 percent of students in the United States. In addition, far
more Japanese workers expressed dissatisfaction with their jobs than
did their counterparts in the 10 countries surveyed. __7__
While often praised by foreigners for its emphasis on the basics.
Japanese education tends to stress test taking and mechanic learning __8__
over creativity and self-expression. Last year Japan experienced 2,125
incidents of school violence, including 929 assaults on teachers.
Amid the outcry, many conservative leaders are seeking a return
to the prewar emphasis on moral education. Last year Mitsuo Detoyama,
who was then education minister, raised his eyebrow when he argued __9__
that liberal reforms introduced by the American occupation authorities
after World War II had weakened the "Japanese morality of respect of parents." __10__

答案及解析(反白可见):
1.is--are
the加上形容词一类人的时候后面应用动词的复数形式,如:The old receive particular respect inChinese society.
2.large-largely
这里large是修饰fullfilled的,所以应改为largely,表示“大部分地”,如:The fundis largely financedthrough government borrowing.
3.the(age)--/
动词词组come of age表示“已成年”,中间不用任何冠词,所以它一旦变为-ing形式仍然保持原样。另外要避免将原句误读成The coming of ,the age of the postwar baby boom,这样断句意思解释不通。
4.has--have
有两个原因限制了青少年进好的学校找到好的工作,这两个原因由and连接作并列主语,所以谓语动词应该用复数。
5.involved^--in
involved后面少了in,表示“关于,涉及到”,如All the children were involved in the school play.
6.^Japanese--of
当percent做名词时,它后面应加上介词of,如:
The report states that 42 percent of the alunmi contributed to the endowment. 
当percent作形容词或者副词时,则不加of。如:
There has been a ten percent increase in the number of new students arriving at polytechnic thisyear.
7.^countries--other
从上句话中可知道Japan也参与了这次普查,因此在这句话里的比较结构中Japan应和其他10个同意参加普查的国家进行比较,所以应注明是10 other countries。
8.mechanic--mechanical
mechanic是名词,表示“制造工,技工”,所以这里应把它改为mechanical表示“机械的”。
9.eyebrow--eyebrows
toraise one's eyebrow 表示“(某事)引起(某人)的惊讶或不赞同”,如:
He raised his eyebrows over some of the suggestions.
10.of--for
respect 后面通常跟for接人,表示“对(某人)的尊重”,如:respect for the old。