专八改错练习第二十五篇:

The aim of a job interview is to establish whether you arelikely to do well in a particular job in a specific organization. This isnot only a matter of
having the necessary technical knowledge and skill. You __1__
must also have the motivation, the ability to adapt to
new ways of working and a new working environment, and__2__
the personality to do the job and fit into a new team.
But there are other personal skills affect your success __3__
in a job. These include getting on with people, oral or __4__
written communication, team working, problem solving and good time management.
Most people think that interviewers know what they
are looking for and will recognize when they see it. __5__
However, people are actually not very good at assessing
one and another. This applies to recruiters as much as __6__
anyone else. In fact a former head of selection at one big firm used to say that "some interviewersare so poor they would do better to rely on chances."
In companies which recognize this, various methods are
used to try to find the correct person. The most common __7__
is the structured interview. Research has shown that
this approach is more reliable than the ordinary job
interniew, though not as affective as using tests or __8__
assessment centers. In a structured interview, the
interviewer groups the qualities listing in the job __9__
specification under various headings. There are two well-established structures for this: the NationalInstitute of Industrial Psychology's Seven-Point Plan
the Five-Fold Grading System. The interviewers score
candidates for how well they fit the job specification. __10__

答案及解析(反白可见):
1.skill--skills
skill一词为可数名词,所以要用复数形式。
2.and^(a)--to
在a前面加上to。句子中的a new working environment 和 new ways of working 并列充当adapt to的宾语,介词to 在此不可以省略。
3.affect--affecting或者^affect--that/which
这句话已经有谓语动词are了,所以动词affect可以以现在分词的形式affecting出现,做定语修饰前面的other personal skills;在affect前面加上that或者which,以定语从句的形式修饰other personalskills。
4.or--and
全方面的交际能力应该包括“oral和written”两部分的,而不是其中之一。
5.^when--it
宾语从句中的谓语动词recognize为及物动词,气后应该接宾语,it在此处指代what they are lookingfor。
6.and--one another 为固定的搭配,意思是“互相,彼此”。
7.correct--right
right和correct当作“对的,正确的”解的时候为同义词,可以替换使用;但此处right应为“适宜的,合适的”,不可以与correct互换。
8.affective--effective
effective意思是“有效的,产生预期效果的”,在此与上下文的意思相吻合;而affective的意思是“情感的,表达感情的”。
9.listing-listed
这里用listed表被动意义。
10.for--against
score...against...可以看作一个固定的搭配,其意思是“根据...打分(评判)”。这个用法好像比较少见。