作者：素衣 来源：新东方在线 2016-07-24 19:26
1.【题干】Only people over 18 are eligible to vote.
2.【题干】The latest car model embodies the new research development.
3.【题干】The coastal area has very mild winter, but the central plains remain extreme
4.【题干】She is an artist whose work will undoubtedly withstand the test of time.
5.【题干】He wore a shabby thin overcoat in the cold winter so that he fell ill.
6.【题干】The weather was so gorgeous that many people went outing.
7.【题干】Competitors must abide by the judge's decision
8.【题干】The umbrella was ingeniously devised to fold up into the pocket.
9.【题干】Some newspapers in the west are notably biased.
10.【题干】His answers were obscure and confusing.
11.【题干】The way she looked after her young sister was really touching
12.【题干】We are worried about this fluid situation full with uncertainty.
13.【题干】They have built canals to irrigate the desert.
14.【题干】The details of the costume were totally authentic.
15.【题干】The new garment fits her perfectly.
For many young Americans, graduating from college means finding a job, moving out of the dorm room and beginning to register one's annual earnings with the US government.
That last item is the law, though sometimes it's a hassle(难事)to obey.
Independent tax advisor Bob Gilbert calls the US income tax system "amazingly complicated". But he adds that "very little of the complicated tax law applies to young people who are just beginning their careers". According to Gilbert, 80 to 90 percent of Americans are not really burdened by the system's complications.
Still, all the numbers and forms can be a little confusing to those who are just starting their careers. Some pull out their calculators and try to do the math alone. Some use income tax software. Others just hand the whole responsibility over to tax firms like Gilbert's. According to income tax law expert Linda Beale, young people will often follow their parents' lead when filling their income forms.
"Young people who grow up in wealthy households typically use professional tax services because their parents have always done so," said Beale, a professor at Wayne State University in Michigan State.
"On the other hand, most poorer young people probably try to do their own taxes, unless they want a quick 'refund' with the help of a tax advisor".
In fact, obeying the law has its benefits. For one, many young people can expect a tax refund. This means that, over the course of the year, they have paid too much in monthly federal or state taxes and are entitled to the difference.
Bob Thalman, a 20-year-old university student, expects he will get a refund of about 100, which will probably go in the bank, or perhaps be used to pay for car insurance or credit card bills.
Thalman called the whole process a "hassle", but added that he didn't wat to test the law by not filling his income tax papers.
"I'm worried about what would happen if I failed to file," he said. "I know one individual who did not report his income tax for many years, and he's now in federal prison. I certainly don’t want that."
16.【题干】A college student with a part-time job is not required to file an income tax form.
17.【题干】The US income tax system does not wholly apply to a college graduate who is just beginning his or her career.
18.【题干】It's pretty easy for a beginner to report his or her income tax.
19.【题干】When young people file their income tax form, they will often follow in their parents' footsteps.
20.【题干】Young people from poorer families needn't file their income tax forms.
21.【题干】If one has failed to report his or her income tax for quite a few years, he or she may be put in prison.
22.【题干】The US income tax system will be simplified in the next few years.
1 A hundred years ago this week, a giganticexplosion ripped (撕裂) open the day y above a forest in western Siberia, leaving ascientific riddle that endures to this day.
2 A dazzling light pierced the heavens,followed by a shock wave as strong as 1,000 atomic bombs. The explosionflattened 80 million trees across an area of 2,000 square kilometers. Thefireball was so great that, a day later, Londoners could read their newspapersunder the night sky. What caused the so-called Tunguska Event, named after thenearby Podkamennaya Tunguska river, still remains a mystery.
3 Experts suspect it was a rock that, aftertraveling in space for millions of years, was destined to crash to Earth atexactly 7:17 a.m. on June 30, 1908. This possibility worries scientists.“Imagine an unspotted asteroid (小行星) hitting a significant chunk(块) of land ... and imagine if that area, unlike Tunguska, werepopulated,” the British science journal Nature commented recently.
4 But no fragments of the “rock” have everbeen found. Finding such evidence would be important, for it would increase ourknowledge about the risk posed by dangerous Near Earth Objects (NEOs), sayItalian researchers Luca Gasperini, Enrico Bonatti and Giuseppe Longo. When thenext Tunguska NEO approaches, scientists will have to decide whether to try todeflect (使偏转) it or blowit up in space.
5 However, several rival theories for theTunguska Event exist. Wolfgang Kundt, a professor at Germany's Bonn University,believes the Tunguska Event was caused by a massive escape of 10 million tonsof methane(甲烷)-rich gasfrom deep within earth's crust. Some people hold that the explosion was causedby an alien spaceship crash, or a black hole in the universe.
23. Paragraph 2
24. Paragraph 3
25. Paragraph 4
26. Paragraph 5
A. Competing Explanations
B. Unknown Attacks
C. Mysterious Explosion
D. Star War
E. Importance of Finding Evidence
F. Explanation that Worries Scientists
27. The giganticexplosion that occurred a hundred years ago
28. The shock wavewhich followed the dazzling light
29. The hypothesisthat the explosion was caused by a rock colliding with the Earth
30. Wolfgang Kundt,who has developed an alternative theory
A. has remained a puzzle
B. lacks sufficient evidence
C. is a university professor
D. was generated by the explosion
E. will kill many animals
F. are attacked by aliens