1. idea

That's a good idea, Charlotte.
这是个好主意,夏洛特。

I don't think that idea is a good one.
我觉得那个主意不怎么样。

Do you have any better idea?
你有更好的主意吗?

2. a little

Just a little, please.
请给我一点点。

We have only a little water left.
我们只剩下一丁点水了。

I know only a little about him.
我对他了解得不多。

3. teaspoonful

What about some sugar? Two teaspoonfuls?
加些糖怎么样?两茶匙行吗?

Take two teaspoonfuls of the medicine after meals.
每顿饭后吃两茶匙的药。

How many teaspoonfuls of sugar do you want in your milk?
你的牛奶里要加多少茶匙的糖?

4. less

No, less than that.
不,再少一点。

Drink less!
你少喝一些!

The more I hear about her, the less I like her.
听了越多关于她的事情,我就越不喜欢她。

5. a few

I think there are a few in that box.
我想那个盒子里有一些。

A few students failed in the exam.
有几个学生考试不及格。

A few of us speak French.
我们中有几个人说法语。

6. pity

What a pity!
真遗憾!

It's a pity that you can't join us.
你不能和我们一起玩真是遗憾。

Pity you missed the film last night.
你错过了昨晚的电影,真是遗憾。

7. instead

I didn't go out but stayed at home instead.
我没有出去而是呆在家里。

Henry is ill, so Jack will go to the meeting instead.
亨利病了,所以杰克会代他去开会。

8. advice

That's very good advice!
这是极好的忠告啊!

I hope you can take my advice.
我希望你能接受我的建议。

Can you give me some advice on how to study English?
你能就如何学好英语给我提点建议吗?