【TED】是一个会议的名称,它是英文technology,entertainment, design三个单词的首字母缩写。它是社会各界精英交流的盛会,这里有当代最杰出的思想家,这里有当代最优秀的科学家,这里有迸发着最闪耀的思想火花,这里孕育着最光辉的梦想。
Patricia Kuhl
Patricia Kuhl studies how we learn language as babies, looking at the ways our brains form around language acquisition.


brain-based interventions
What are we seeing? We're seeing the baby brain. As the baby hears a word in her language the auditory areas light up, and then subsequently areas surrounding it that we think are related to coherence, getting the brain coordinated with its different areas, and causality, one brain area causing another to activate. We are embarking on a grand and golden age of knowledge about child's brain development. We're going to be able to see a child's brain as they experience an emotion, as they learn to speak and read, as they solve a math problem, as they have an idea. And we're going to be able to invent brain-based interventions for children who have difficulty learning. Just as the poets and writers described, we're going to be able to see, I think, that wondrous openness, utter and complete openness of the mind of a child. In investigating the child's brain, we're going to uncover deep truths about what it means to be human. And in the process, we may be able to help keep our own minds open to learning for our entire lives.
我们看到什么了?我们看到婴儿的大脑。当婴儿听到她的语言中的一个词时,大脑中听觉区域亮了起来,然后在它周围的其它区域也亮了起来。我们认为这是有关连贯性的,让大脑和其他不同脑区域相协调,一前一后,一片脑区域激活另一片脑区域。 我们开启了一个开发儿童大脑知识的宏伟的黄金年代。当儿童体验到感情,学着说和读,解决一个数学问题,或当他们有个想法的时候,我们能够观察他们的大脑。我们也能为有学习障碍的孩童发明基于脑的治疗方法。正如诗人和作家所描述的,我想我们能够看到一种奇妙的融通开放,一个孩子心智的完全开放。在对儿童大脑的研究中,我们会揭示这对人类来说意味着什么的深层事实。在这一过程中,我们或许能帮助我们自身开放心智,在我们一生中不断地学习。