SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.
Today, we'll talk about what other effects watching TV might produce on children.
Children should be _______ (1) a lot of television, many experts and parents agree, but there is at least one circumstance when it might be beneficial: _______ (2). A recent study conducted by Italian researchers found that children _______ (3) immediately preceding and during blood tests experienced less pain than children whose mothers _______ (4) during the procedure, or children whose mothers were present but _______ (5).
The research, led by Carlo Brown, MD, at the University of Siena, is published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood, _______ (6) the study. None received any type of anesthesia; the children and their mothers _______ (7).
Both the group whose mothers attempted to distract them from the blood tests and those whose mothers simply observed reported _______ (8) than the group who watched cartoons. For that group, the levels of pain were less and the children were better able to _______ (9).
One of the possible explanations is that children might have _______ (10) during the procedures, exacerbating their perception of pain. "The higher pain level reported by children during _______ (11) shows the difficulty mothers have in interacting positively _______ (12) in their children's life," the authors write.
However, they stressed that _______ (13) still provided benefits, noting that the children would _______ (14) during the procedures. "Indeed, children state that having their parent present _______ (15) when in pain," say the authors.
Another possibility offered for consideration is the notion that the _______ (16) might release pain-quelling endorphins. Endorphins, _______ (17) produced by the pituitary gland, resemble opiates in their ability to produce analgesia and a sense of well-being. In other words, they might _______ (18).
In any case, the study results suggest that health workers should _______ (19) to watch television during painful procedures _______ (20).
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken ONLY ONCE. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
1.(A) A change in French eating habits.
(B) A boom in long-hour meals in France.
(C) The origin of hamburgers.
(D) The home of the sit-down mid-day meal.
2.(A) A variation in food supply.
(B) A change in the workforce.
(C) A rise in food prices.
(D) A fall in white-collarization.
3.(A) Bakeries now offer a limited range of albeit excellent products.
(B) There are about four kinds of bread, breakfast and dessert pastries.
(C) Bakeries sell sandwiches mainly in the working-class areas.
(D) France is currently witnessing a boom in sandwich business.
4.(A) Men usually like to eat more hamburgers than women do in France.
(B) Men, more likely to be working behind a jackhammer, need to eat so much.
(C) Women make up almost half the labor force in France now.
(D) Women have to pick up the children late from the day-care center.
5.(A) Because the bakeries have adapted the idea of fast food and made it French products.
(B) Because the bakeries have offered something that's very close to what is called fast food.
(C) Because the hamburgers have ham and butter in them.
(D) Because the hamburgers do not cost so much as those offered by McDonald.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
7.(A) To intensify Tokyo's role in peacekeeping missions abroad.
(B) To stop the country's air force transport mission in Iraq.
(C) To override the lower house's decision.
(D) To approve the Democratic Party's bill to continue the mission.
8.(A) Worsening water scarcity.
(B) Increasing risks of diseases.
(C) Triggering mass displacement.
(D) Reducing the population in Asia.
9.(A) To resume peace talks which have been halted for a long time.
(B) To forge and sign a peace treaty pledged by both sides.
(C) To dispel his skepticism over chances for a deal before he leaves office.
(D) To open a 44-nation conference over the Middle East issue.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
11.(A) What to do to control crime.
(B) What role a lawyer plays in a court case.
(C) How to tell a hardened criminal from a first-time offender.
(D) How to convict a criminal and put him in prison.
(B) Quick conviction.
(C) The social structure.
(D) The economy.
13.(A) Education programs are not so effective as required.
(B) Drug treatment programs are insufficiently funded.
(C) Some rehabilitation programs inside prisons have been stopped.
(D) More people are convicted than prison space can accommodate.
14.(A) These programs are mainly intended for the kingpins of drug deals to get rehabilitated.
(B) These programs are currently carried out in most states in the country.
(C) These programs aim to develop a culture inside the prisons.
(D) These programs have psychological and educational components.
15.(A) Because gangs start in prisons and make prison a repressive experience.
(B) Because criminals tend to be repeat offenders.
(C) Because there is no stigma attached to most criminals.
(D) Because society doesn't look at released prisoners with disdain.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16.(A) How to interact with colleagues and clients face to face.
(B) How to make effective telephone conversations.
(C) What skills are needed to get and hold down a job.
(D) What makes for an excellent ability to express yourself.
18.(A) Basic to advanced knowledge of computer application.
(B) Ability to calculate all transactions, profits and costs.
(C) Creativity in making presentations to clients.
(D) Proficiency in at least one foreign language.
19.(A) To create your own databases on the computer.
(B) To enhance your social skills by holding parties with your friends.
(C) To use the computer in free time and become familiar with its operation.
(D) To store as many telephone numbers and addresses as you can.
20.(A) Graduating students.
(B) Trainee managers.
(C) Professional secretaries.
(D) Low-level administrative staff.