课文详注 Further notes on the text
1.get up,站起来。

这一短语还可表示“起床”。

2.be afraid that,想,恐怕;be sure that, 想,认为。

这两个结构后面通常接从句,在口语中有时that可省略。

语法 Grammar in use

1.宾语从句(1)

宾语从句在句中作宾语,一般用that引导,但在口语中经常省略掉 that.

可用在 say, think, believe, hope, know, understand, suppose 等动词之后:

She says that she is cold. 她说她冷。

He thinks that he needs an X-ray. 他认为他需要拍个X片。

I know that I can repair this car. 我知道我能修理这部车。

They believe that they will have more money. 他们认为他们会有更多的钱。

可用在某些描写感情的形容词之后,如 afraid, sure, sorry,glad等:

I am sure that you need an X-ray. 我觉得你需要拍个X片。

I am sorry that you are ill. 听到你生病了我很难过。

2.间接引述时的时态

如果间接引语中的引述动词是现在时,那么其后的时态通常与原来口头陈述句的时态相同。转述刚刚说完的话时通常皆如此。

词汇学习 Word study

1.slip v.

(1)滑倒:

She slipped and fell down on the wet stones. 她脚下滑了一下,跌倒在潮湿的石头上。

(2)滑落;脱落:

The soap slipped out of her hand. 肥皂从她的手中滑落。

(3)下滑;下跌:

Profits continue to slip this year. 利润今年呈持续下跌趋势。

(4)遗忘;忽略:

Our wedding anniversary completely slipped my mind. 我把我们的结婚纪念日忘得一干二净。

2.hurt v.

(1)弄痛;使受伤:

Have you hurt yourself? 你伤着自己了吗?

He fell off the bicycle and hurt his leg. 他从自行车上摔下来,摔伤了一条腿。

(2)危害;损害:

That case has hurt his reputation. 那个案件损害了他的声誉。

I don't mean to hurt you. 我本无意伤害你的感情。

3.help v.

(1)帮助;援助;救助:

He devoted his life to helping the disabled. 他付出一生的心血去帮助那些残疾人。

Would you help me to lift this box? 你能否帮我抬一下这只箱子?

(2)对……有帮助;对……有好处:

My knowledge of French helped me a lot while I was travelling in France. 我在法国旅行时,我的法文知识帮了我大忙。

Humour can help in a tense situation. 幽默能够缓和紧张局面。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 100

A

1 She says that she has found her pen.

2 They say that they must remain here.

3 He says that he remembers you.

4 She says that she doesn't speak English.

5 They say that they are washing the dishes.

B

1 He says that he feels ill.

2 She says that she has got a headache.

3 He says that he wants a haircut.

4 They say that they are thirsty.

5 They say that they have a toothache.

6 She says that she needs a licence.

7 He says that he wants an X-ray.

8 She says that she is cold.

9 He says that he has got a cold.

10 He says that he has an earache.