The tech sector is booming, and we're experiencing game-changing innovations, like self-driving cars and virtual reality, firsthand.

Of course many of these developments are still in their nascence, which means the time is ripe for aspiring techies to get in on the ground floor and steer these discoveries in the right direction.

To get you started, here are five of the most important new technologies out there and how you can explore them:


1. Virtual Reality

Virtual Reality, or VR, has been around since as early as the 1960s, but it's only recently become a major powerhouse in the tech sector as more companies explore its potential for futuristic entertainment.

In fact, with Facebook buying Oculus (the creators of the Oculus Rift headset) for more than US$2 billion, it's clear that industry leaders see major potential in VR.
脸书网以超过20亿美元的巨资买下了Oculus公司(发明Oculus Rift头盔的公司),由此看来,行业巨头们实际上都对虚拟现实技术非常看好。


2. Machine Learning

Machine learning is the study of pattern recognition and prediction within the field of computer science, and it's chiefly responsible for the strides made with self-driving cars and speech-recognition technology, like Siri.

So, it should come as no surprise that machine learning experts are in high demand. Pick up the Complete Machine Learning Bundle, and you can get one step closer to a nearly six-figure salary by mastering the tools these professionals use to build tomorrow's AI innovations.


3. Ethical Hacking

Everyone is at risk of getting hacked online, but companies are getting hit particularly hard by malicious cybercriminals, which is why many are taking their security into their own hands and offering big paydays for those who can keep their products secure.

In fact, Facebook has paid out more than US$5 million to ethical hackers who have uncovered and reported vulnerabilities in its site before they can be exploited.


4. Blockchain Technology

Most commonly associated with Bitcoin, blockchain technology allows developers to create decentralised apps that boast unrivaled security and transparency on the web - which makes it great for cyrptocurrencies like Bitcoin.


5. Internet of Things

In layman's terms, the Internet of Things is the idea of essentially connecting any device with an on/off switch that's linked to the internet, which can give way to pretty neat innovations, like an alarm clock that tells your coffee machine to start brewing coffee when it wakes you up in the morning.