Reading Time: 45 Seconds
A mental set is a habit to try to solve problems in a certain way, whether that approach is the most suitable or not. Typically, someone with a mental set has found that a given approach has worked in the past and she or he tends to employ it without reflection in all future cases; however, the approach may not be the most effective way to deal with the current situation. Some researchers describe the problem as an exaggerated type of habit formation.
Narrator: Now hear a talk on the same subject.
Using information from the reading and the lecture, explain how the professor’s example of the mental set relates to the reading passage.
Preparation Time: 30 Seconds
Response Time: 60 Seconds
1. 45 秒阅读短文
a habit to try to solve problems in a certain way, whether that approach is the most suitable or not（定义，在第一句找）
The reading is about an academic concept called mental set which refers to people’s habit to solve problems in a certain way regardless whether or not the approach is suitable.
And the professor explains this concept by giving an example /examples in the lecture.
The reading is about an academic concept called mental set, and the professor explains this concept by giving an example / examples in the lecture.
This week then, we’ll be talking about mental sets. Let me emphasize something: a mental set does not necessarily mean you’re mentally ill. But it usually does mean you’re not nearly as efficient as you might want to be. Let me give you an example.（这句话之前的内容都不用理会）
A few years ago when I was still in grad school I had a roommate named Peter. He insisted he could only write his papers on a typewriter. Maybe he was afraid of technology. But, as you may have heard, a typewriter is slow and inconvenient. Once you make a mistake, you have to pause, use correction fluid and wait for it to dry. Or, if it’s late at night and you run out of fluid, you have to type the whole page again.
Both myself and his professors told Peter: use a computer! It’s faster, and it’s easier. It’ll save his time and it’s easy to operate. But until the day he finished school, he never gave up that typewriter. Maybe he still uses it. And why? Because of some fixed idea, a mental set, that there’s only the one way he can do the task.
prf’s rmt (roommate) Peter →tp wtr →assign~
×cvnt (convenient) & slw
if msk (mistake), again
prf →Peter →cmpt, but still tp wtr ∵mental set
l mental set
The reading passage is about mental sets.
l prf’s rmt (roommate) Peter →tp wtr (typewriter) →assign~
The professor’s roommate Peter used a typewriter to do his assignments.
l × cvnt (convenient) & slw
The typewriter is not very convenient and is slow.
l if msk (mistake), again
Once you make a mistake, you have to type everything again.
l prf →Peter →cmp, but still tp wtr ∵mental set
The professor suggested Peter use a computer, but Peter still used a typewriter due to a mental set.
注意，在引出具体例子时，可说The professor says that…，有时也可用According to the lecture, … 或Suppose…作开头语。