雅思写作高频词汇:社会类

众所周知,中国考生的雅思考试成绩非常不尽如人意,其中写作在中国雅思考生听、说、读、写四个单项中平均成绩最低。中国考生如何有效提高写作水平?那就让我们共同来参看一下雅思写作的评分标准——

与其他单项一样,雅思写作也采取九分制,每半分一个等级,考官主要从四个方面给考生打分:内容(Content)、组织结构(Organisation)、词汇(Vocabulary)和语法(Grammar)。其中有两项Content和Vocabulary,完全可以凭借有条理,有安排的复习内容来慢慢充实。这样,在考试时便不至于无话可讲,或是不会使用恰当的词汇。

小编为您分门别类总结的这一系列“雅思写作高频词汇”内容,其例句来自权威教授的学术课堂,或是原汁原味的原声作品。希望大家能在学习这些例句的过程中,不仅对这些高频词汇有所认知,也能灵活运用。

1. urbanization - n. 都市化;文雅化

The second great reform era is the Progressive Era, a great response to urbanization, industrialization and immigration, as it had never quite happened before.
第二个时期是进步时期,对于城市化的大力响应,工业化和移民入境,这是之前从未有过的。(《耶鲁公开课 - 美国内战与重建》课程节选)

2. centralization - n. 集中化;中央集权管理

That is they don't want--or more broadly they don't want centralization of power in the government.
那意味着,他们不希望-或更广泛地说,他们不希望权力全部集中在政府手中。(《耶鲁公开课 - 金融市场》课程节选)

3. imbalance - n. [医]不平衡;不安定

This connection he has established between justice in the city and justice in the soul, what are the therapies or strategies for solving injustice in the soul ? or imbalance of some kind in the soul?
他在城市中的正义,灵魂中的正义间,建立了这个关连,有哪些疗法或策略,可用于解决灵魂中的不公,或灵魂中的某种不平衡?(《耶鲁公开课 - 政治哲学导论》课程节选)

4. in the long run - 长远

If we do justice and if we respect rights, society as a whole will be better off in the long run.
如果我们秉持公正,尊重权利,从长远看,社会整体会发展得更好。(《耶鲁公开课 - 公正》课程节选)

5. infrastructure - n. 基础设施;公共建设;下部构造

Of course, but before we set up a marketing and distribution infrastructure, we should finish optimizing the manufacturing process.
当然,但建立销售和分销基础设施前,我们得先完善好制作工艺。(《生活大爆炸》第2季 第18集)

6. booming - adj. 兴旺的,繁荣的;大受欢迎的

And the service sector economy in India is booming and finally even the industry sector has done a little better.
其第三产业开始高速发展,最后连第二产业,也蓬勃发展起来。(《普林斯顿公开课 - 国际座谈会》课程节选)

7. tertiary industry - 第三产业

The writer points out the modern industries and the tertiary industries are two concepts which are connected with each other but also have obvious distinctions.
笔者指出,现代服务业与第三产业应当是相互关联而又有着显著区别的两个概念,交叉部分之外各有保留。(《Journal of Shandong Institute of Business and Technology》 2008-03)

8. tranquility - n. 宁静;平静

Poetry, in Frost, is action, not a matter, as Wordsworth would say, of emotion recollected in tranquility.
就像华兹华斯说的诗歌对于弗罗斯特是动作不是事情,不是宁静时收集的情绪。(《耶鲁公开课 - 现代诗歌》课程节选)

9. revenue - n. 税收,国家的收入;收益

The revenue, we're generating over a million dollars a month in revenue, and well more, and that way covers our expenses and we're not even doing anything cool yet.
现在,每个月的营业收入,都超过100万,或许更多,这大大超过了开支,我们什么都没做就已经收到了丰厚的回报。(《斯坦福公开课 - 扎克伯格谈Facebook创业过程》课程节选)

10. commercialization - n. 商品化,商业化

This commercialization is at odds with the idea of parkour as being a discipline of great simplicity, elegance, and subtlety.
这些商业化元素与跑酷作为一项简约、高雅、巧妙运动的理念有所出入。(Parkour: This Is the Way 来源:ell.com.cn)