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Portrait of the Mogul as a Young Man

Born in 1931 in Melbourne, Keith Rupert Murdoch was named for his father Sir Keith Murdoch, a celebrated journalist who later became a newspaper executive. When Murdoch was 22, his father died, prompting the son to return to Australia from the U.K. (where he had been studying at Oxford University) and take over the family business. Beginning with a newspaper in Adelaide, Murdoch built a network of properties in Australia, including purchasing outlets like Sydney tabloid the Daily Mirror, which the young tycoon shows off to a photographer in this photo, taken in 1960.

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In the late 1960s, Murdoch began to buy properties in the U.K., beginning with the News of the World in 1968. The following year, he would acquire the Sun. Here, he smiles at a press conference in which he outlined his plans for the News of the World.

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Expansion in the U.K.

In the U.K., Murdoch did not confine himself to tabloids. In 1981 he gained control of the financially strapped but prestigious London Times, along with the Sunday Times, from a Canadian newspaper publisher, Lord Thomson of Fleet. Here, Murdoch is photographed during that year's negotiations with print unions.

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In the U.S.A.

Murdoch's first property in the U.S. came with his purchase of the San Antonio Express and News in 1973, followed by the New York Post in 1976. His acquisition of the Post, a well-regarded liberal newspaper at the time, surprised many in the publishing world. Here, Murdoch, left, meets with senior editors at the Post in the wake of a 1978 citywide press strike, when employees at the paper reached an agreement with management before their crosstown rivals.

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Second Wife

Murdoch has been married three times. The first marraige, to Patricia Booker, a flight attendant from Melbourne, ended in divorce; they had one child together. He married his second wife, Anna Torv, above, in 1967. She had been a reporter for the Sydney Morning Herald; they had four children together.[/en
]默多克有三次婚姻。第一个是和Patricia Booker,她是一个墨尔本航线上的空乘,他们最后离婚了。照片里的这位女士就是他的第二任妻子Anna Torv,摄于1967年。她是悉尼先驱报的记者;他们在一起有四个孩子。

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[en]In addition to his media empire, Murdoch also owns stakes in the sporting industry. His estimated worth is close to $6.3 billion, making him the 117th wealthiest person in the world .


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Lights, Camera, Hollywood

In 1985 Murdoch expanded his presence in the U.S. by acquiring 20th Century Fox. He went on to purchase six television stations, which would ultimately form the foundation of Fox Broadcasting Co., the first network to be launched in the U.S. since the big three — CBS, NBC and ABC — began to appear in American living rooms in the 1950s. In order to conform to the legal requirement that U.S. television stations be owned only by American citizens, Murdoch obtained U.S. citizenship in 1985.

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Murdoch, frustrated by Australian regulations that he believed placed too many limits on News Corp., moved the company's headquarters to New York City in 2004.

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Strategy Is a Strength

In 2007 Murdoch made an unsolicited $5 billion offer to buy Dow Jones, publisher of the Wall Street Journal. The offer unleashed a debate in the U.S., with media watchers worrying that the Australian tycoon would impose his political views and sensationalist tactics on one of the most respected brands in American journalism. Initially, the Bancroft family, which held controlling interest in Dow Jones, declined, saying it opposed Murdoch's management methods. But he did not give up, and ultimately completed the deal.

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Helm of the WSJ

Shortly after the completion of the deal to acquire Dow Jones, Murdoch spoke to Wall Street Journal staff members in their newsroom in December 2007. Pictured to the left is Les Hinton, who would later resign as publisher of the Wall Street Journal when the 2011 News of the World phone-hacking scandal spread.
当他成功收购了道琼斯之后,他在2007年的12月在新闻房里对华尔街的所有员工进行了讲话。在照片的左边是Les Hinton,他在今年的世界新闻报窃听丑闻中辞职。

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New Partnership

Shortly after Murdoch's second divorce, in 1999, the tycoon, then 68, married Wendi Deng, a 30-year-old Yale School of Management graduate and recently appointed vice president of Star TV, an Asian television service owned by News Corp.

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Heir Apparent

Murdoch's oldest son, Lachlan, was widely thought to be the inheritor of the empire until Lachlan's resignation from his executive posts with News Corp. in 2005. That left Murdoch's son James, pictured above, to be the next in line to helm the company.

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In 2011 the News of the World came under fire for allegations of phone hacking and police bribery. Rebekah Brooks, considered to be Murdoch's most loyal lieutenant and editor of the News of the World, was arrested on July 17, 2011, in connection with the police investigations.
2011年默多克的世界新闻报被指控使用窃听手段获得新闻和贿赂警察。在警察调查下,默多克最为忠实的左膀右臂Rebekah Brooks被警方于2011年7月17日逮捕,那时Brooks还是世界新闻报的主编。

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Level of Scrutiny

Murdoch and his son James appear at a British parliamentary hearing on July 19, 2011, to answer questions related to allegations that News of the World employees engaged in phone hacking.