改错Part ⅣError Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In the passage there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark(∧)in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash(/)in the blank.
The place of the child in society has varied for thousands of years and has been effected by different cultures and religions. In ancient times unwanted children were occasionally abandoned, put to death, exploiting or offered for religious sacrifices, and in any event a large percentage of them didn’t survive their physically hazardous existence to reach to maturity.
In western civilization within the last few hundred years, there have been many changes in attitude with the young. In agricultural Europe, and later with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the children of the poor work long hours for little or no pay, and there was no public concern on their safety or welfare punishment could be brutal and severe.
By the eighteenth century the harsh and severe methods began to show any change. Society slowly accorded(给予) children a role of importance. Books were written expressly for them and gradually laws were passing for their protection. Efforts were made to create for them a life better than their parents!
In the past few decades parents have become more and more attentive for the needs of their children.Better health care is available and education is no longer reserving for the children from wealthy families.
71. 【参考答 案】effected→affected
【详细解答】effect 是名词，影响，而此处需要动词，因此改作affect v.
72. 【参考答 案】exploiting→exploited
73. 【参考答 案】to→ t
74. 【参考答 案】with→toward
75. 【参考答 案】work→worked
76. 【参考答 案】on→for
【详细解答】concern 后接for 表示“对…表示关注”
77. 【参考答 案】any→some
78. 【参考答 案】passing→passed
79. 【参考答 案】for→to
80. 【参考答 案】reserving→reserved