2011年12月四级快速阅读考试分析

上海新东方国内考试部  四六级教研组

考试分析的意义在于为今后的复习指出明确的方向。而我觉得2011年12月的四级试卷中尤其快速阅读的变化是比较大的,其测试重心从通常意义的特殊定位点诸如数字、大写字母、专业术语,返回原文的方式,发生了转移。具体表现为:

一特殊定位点的隐藏

传统的快速阅读对于特殊定位点的设计是非常重视的。而且特殊定位点的设定非常明显。大写字母,连字符,程度或比较性词汇的出现,基本贯穿定位的全部。从历年四级快速阅读来看,三分之二的试题体现了这一的特点。而在本次试卷中,我们发现,数字、大写这样最经典的定位题目基本全线隐藏。

二新兴定位点的表现

在定位思路中,确实还有两种标志性的定位,比如,题干中出现“原因”、“目的”或“程度”或“比较性”词汇作为定位点。但是,这类考题在快速阅读中的大量出现还是之前历年试卷没有过的。

例如:第二题,What role does integrity play in personal and professional relationships? 第三题,why must we learn to identify the risks we are going to take?

第八题,Cheaters at exam don’t care about their education, all they care about is how to _________。第九题,Integrity mattersin that all social activities rely on people’s _________。在这一系列的定位过程中,我们发现,定位难度在不断升高。

三题目中关键词的获取

本次试卷中,一个很大的特色是,考生需要真正理解和把握提问的要点。这就需要考生在阅读题目过程中,能够读懂题目的重心所在。

例如,第四题,Violation of a rule is misconduct even if _______? 我们需要发现题干的关键词misconduct。只有这样才很容易对应回原文句子:But the fact that such a violation is “unintentional”does not excuse the misconduct. 这样的题目虽然不多,但是,可能成为未来快速阅读题目设计的一个方向。

题目解析:

1. 答案:A. sticks to them in their daily life

第一题的答案就在全文第一句。

关键点:not only…. But also….
关键句:The key to integrity is consistency--not only setting high personal standards for oneself (honesty, responsibility, respect for others, fairness) but also living up to those standards each day.
这里的live up to 和选项里的stick to 属于同义替换。

2. 答案:C. It is the basis of mutual trust

关键点:But,personal and professional
定位句:But a lapse of integrity also affects our relationships with others. Trust is essential in any important relationship, whether personal or professional. Who can trust someone who is dishonest or unfair? Thus, integrity must be one of our most important goals.
结合紧接着的问句,我们很容易锁定trust这个选项。

3. 答案:A. To ensure we make responsible choices.

关键点:identify the risks,because
关键句:Making ethical decisions is a critical part of avoiding future problems. We must learn to recognize risks, because if we can't see the risks we're taking, we can't make responsible choices.
答案很明显:make responsible choices

4. 答案:B. it is claimed to be unintentional.

关键点:But、misconduct
关键句:But the fact that such a violation is "unintentional" does not excuse the misconduct.
和原文意义高度一致的,就是这个unintentional。
5. 答案:A. Avoid making excuses.

关键点:fool oneself,注意又是段落首句。
关键句:To avoid fooling yourself, watch out for excuses and try this test
这里的watch out for 和选项里的avoid属于同义替换

6. 答案:C. value immediate benefits most.

关键词:regret later
关键句:Those who take risks they later regret usually focus on immediate benefits ("what's in it for me")
很明显,选项value immediate benefits most 是正确答案。这里的value 和focus on 属于同义替换

7. 答案:A) pay more dearly

关键点:get caught
关键句:Those who don't get caught pay an even higher price.
这里的higher price 和选项里的more dearly 属于同义替换

8. 关键词:care about

关键句:I'm not interested in what you're trying to teach; all I care about is stealing a grade, regardless of the effect on others."

9. 关键词:rely on

关键句:We must rely on the honesty and good faith of others every day.

10. 关键词:political and economic leaders
关键句:The savings and loan scandal, the stock market and junk bond swindles, and, of course, Watergate, have undermined the faith of many Americans in the integrity of political and economic leaders and society as a whole.

**  201112月四六级考后试题、答案、解析更多请见:新东方网上海新东方**

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