英语四级翻译常考历史政治、经济文化等话题,大家在备考过程中需要掌握不同话题的翻译词汇。今天@沪江英语四六级微信公众号为大家带来的是2024年6月英语四级翻译预测:造纸术,希望对你有所帮助。

2024年6月英语四级翻译预测:造纸术

纸张发明之前,人们将文字刻在平整的竹片或木片上。由竹片或木片制成的书很笨重,不方便阅读和携带。东汉时期( the Eastern Han Dynasty),蔡伦利用树皮( tree bark)、麻头(hemp)、破布等来造纸,得名”蔡伦纸”。由于轻便价廉,这种纸很快得到推广并取代竹片和木片。随后,中国的造纸技术流传至世界各地。造纸术是中国的四大发明之一,是中华民族对世界文明的杰出贡献。

参考译文:

Before paper was invented, characters were carved on flat strips of bamboo or wood. Books made of bamboo or wood were heavy, and inconvenient for reading and carrying. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Cai Lun used materials such as tree bark, hemp and rags to make paper, known as "Cai Lun Paper". Light and cheap, it soon became widespread and replaced bamboo and wood strips for writing. Later on, the technique of papermaking in China was introduced into countries around the world. As one of the Chinese Four Great Inventions, papermaking is considered to be a great contribution of the Chinese people to the world's civilization.

词汇难点:

文字:character

刻:carve

平整的竹片:flat strip of bamboo; flat bamboo strip

破布:rag

得到推广:became widespread

取代:replace

造纸技术:technique of papermaking

流传至世界各地:be introduced into countries around the world

四大发明:Four Great Inventions

世界文明:the world's civilization

杰出贡献:great contribution

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