Science of setbacks:How failure can improve career prospects
36.[G]One straightforward reason close losers might outper-form narrow winners is that the two groups have comparable ability.
37.[D ]Others in the US have found similar effects with National Institutes of Health early-career fellowships launching narrow winners far ahead of close losers.
38.[K]In sports and many areas of life,we think of failures as evidence of something we could have done better.
39.[B]One way social scientists have probed the effects of career setbacks is to look at scientists of very similar qualifica-tions.
40.He said the people who should be paying regard to the Wang paper are the funding agents who distribute government grant money.
41.[F]In a study published in. Nature. Communications,North-western University sociologist Dashun Wang tracked more than 1,100 scientists who were on the border between getting a grant and missing out between 1990 and 2005.
42.[J] For his part,Wang said that in his own experience, losing
did light a motivating fire.
43.[C]A 2018 study published in the Proceedings of the Nation-al Academy of Sciences, for example, followed researchers in the Netherlands.
44.He said the people who should be paying regard to the Wang paper are the funding agents who distribute government grant money.
45.[E]This is bad news for the losers.