Confucius is the most influential and respected philosopher in Chinese history. His philosophy/ideas have exerted great influence on Chinese society from around 100 B.C. to the early 20th century.
Confucius never wrote down any of his own teachings. But for his disciples who took the trouble to record his conversations and discourses, Confucius would have been a nobody today.
Being widespread across China, the teachings of Confucius were accepted by people for his sound principles, and all successive dynasties made them the official state ideology.Confucianism affected every aspects of Chinese society, including education, government, public and private attitudes,and etiquette.
Mencius is a great ideologist and educator in the Warring States Period.
A hundred years after Confucius died, Mencius taught and expanded Confucian doctrine. His philosophical thinking has its origin in Confucius' thoughts.
Mencius believes that human nature is essentially good, and it is society's influence that causes the degradation of morality. For that reason, he attaches great importance to moral education.
Mencius' mother plays an important role in his life. She moved home three times only to find an environment that she felt was suitable for the child's upbringing.
他撰写的经典著作《道德经》(Tao Te Ching)，虽然只有五干多个字，却包含着朴素的辩证思想。他的作品充满着智慧，对后人的思想产生了深远的影响。
Laozi, whose family name was Li and given name Er, was a great philosopher, thinker and founder of Taoism in the Spring and Autumn Period.
His classic Tao Te Ching has only about 5000 characters but contains plain dialectical thinking. His works are filled with wisdom, which have a far-reaching impact upon the worldview of later generations.
Confucius, the representative of Confucianism, once visited Laozi and compared him to a "dragon" because of his highly profound thought.
Attaching great importance to spiritual life, Laozi opposed material desires and advocated the spiritual freedom and liberation. His philosophy is still of great significance in modern society.