第一类： 问题解决型 阐述问题----问题的严重性或影响----解决办法
Attend Your Classes Regularly
Nowadays it is a very common phenomenon that some university students are late for or even absent from classes. And still there are some students who slip out of the classroom before the class is over. Class attendance has become a thorny problem to both the students and teachers.
In fact, it is very important for the students to attend their classes regularly. First, it
will ensure you to catch up with the teachers in your learning. That is very helpful to you if you want to do a good job in your study. Second, attending classes regularly is a way of showing respect to your teachers, too. Your teachers will feel bad if the students do not attend their classes, which, in turn, will affect their teaching and be no good for the students. Third, attending classes regularly will help to form a good habit of punctuality, which is of great importance for the students to do a good job in the future.
Therefore, we university students should cultivate the good habit of attending our classes regularly from now on. And some day we’ll benefit from it.
There is no doubt that traffic congestion becomes a growing worry for the residents of most urban areas. Some major roads are regularly choked with traffic in rush hours. The limited transport capacity contributes largely to the vexing problem. How to solve the headache?
The existing solutions to traffic jam mainly aim at creating metro bus systems and broadening major roads. Widening the existing roads can solve traffic snarls on some level. Soaring car ownership compounds the chronic annoying problem, so we must sharply reduce the heavy reliance on cars and drive a shift to the mass transportation. It is a cheap and good way. We can create a system of customized bus routes and highlight the development of subways, trolleys and light rail. The effective combination of these solutions will enable the urban areas to possess a smooth traffic.
第二类：. 现象解释型 社会热点现象---解释原因----你的看法
Civil Servant Craze
Currently, an increasing number of graduates or the unemployed would prefer to be a civil servant and prepare for the annual civil servant test. Investigating a little more, you will find that this has become a craze. Every year on the test day, millions of candidates will compete for the few government staff positions. And this number has the trend of increasing in the near future.
The reason can be attributed to the pressure of finding an ideal job. Although the social and economic development of China is growing rapidly, unemployment ratio does not decrease as we have expected. Being a civil servant in government is the best choice when it comes to finding a decent and stable job.
As far as I am concerned, the candidates should have a more rational attitude toward this test. They are proposed to learn some practical skills and knowledge to fulfill their minds for new job opportunities. Suitable occupations will come to them if they are competent enough in their field of specialty.
In the past years, traveling has become a new fashion. Especially on every Labor Day, National Day and Spring Festival holidays, numerous people swarm into the scenic spots around the country.
The traveling craze can be attributed to the following reasons. Firstly, the people’s living conditions have been improved so greatly that many people can afford traveling. Secondly, the higher requirement for quality of life makes also traveling one of the most important amusements among the average people.
But the traveling craze cause many problems, such as the higher prices, the over-crowded scenic spots, the lower quality of services, etc.
As for me, I think people should be fully aware of the disadvantage behind the traveling craze. Reason-able plans should be made before taking a trip.
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Can you believe that when you are struggling with ABC, at the other side of planet, there is also a group of people trying to remember how these letters pronounce in Pinyin? Confucius Institute, the non-profit public institutes which aim at promoting Chinese language and culture and supporting local Chinese teaching, have been set up more than 100 countries in the world.
I believe this phenomenon is closely associated with the image of China in the world and the development of China’s economy. For businessmen, they see China as a huge market full of opportunities and profits. For travelers, China is a country of ancient history and colorful cultures.
No one can deny that China is growing stronger and stronger. With her gentle, modest but firm way, the country is heading for the leading position of the world. I am sure the beauty of Chinese language will make it a universal language in the world.
第三类. 利弊论证型： 提出话题或社会现象----利与弊---我的看法
Is Military Training Necessary?
In most college and universities, the first lesson for the freshmen is military training. The advocates say with the basic military training, students will learn discipline, team work and patriotism.
The protestors, however, hold the opinion that this is a great waste of the young people’s time. In today’s China, the soldiers in the army can make our homes safe and sound. It is not necessary to force civilians undergo military trainings, not to mention that the skills freshmen acquired are hardly of any use in real battle.
I agree that this kind of training will never produce any qualified soldier or officer in the war. But no one has ever said it is the only purpose. Through hard and arduous training, the freshmen are transformed from naïve teenagers into young adults. The spirits of unity, toughness and bravery will influence their life forever.
第四类 对比选择型 ：题目中含有 “or”对比选择 ---- 不同选择的原因或利弊---我的看法
Choose a Good Major or a Good College?
When it comes to the choice between a better major and a better college, answers are various. Some students give top priority to a good major. They believe that they can study the major of their choice well anywhere regardless of the fame of the college or university, especially when the major is exclusive to only a small number of colleges and universities. These students believe that they surely will become rare talents in the future.
Others attach more importance to a better college. These students strongly hold that since the environment is vital to the making of an all-round person, entering a good college means standing on the threshold of a promising future after graduation. They want to benefit from the superior facilities and resources of a better college.
In my opinion, the best way out is a good major at a good college. But suppose it is impossible to do so, I will choose an ordinary major at an ideal college first. Then, after being admitted, I will register for my dream courses or attend some relevant lectures to improve myself in that field.
第五类： 阐述主题型: 题目即是主题或名言---阐述或举例---强调主题的意义
(1) The Importance of Extracurricular Activities
The importance of extracurricular activities in students' lives is well established. Various surveys show that students involved in extracurricular activities are more ready to voice opinions, more willing to complete tasks, and more likely to become leaders.
Extracurricular activities help students gain experience in a variety of areas that will enhance their future. Through participation in sports, students learn cooperation, teamwork and time management. By serving in an organization, students learn responsibility, problem solving and communication. Extracurricular activities can also help students discover their hidden talents, meet people they might otherwise never encounter, and learn about things outside their own environment.
Involvement in extracurricular activities plays an integral part in students' school lives. Students become involved in extracurricular activities not only for entertainment but most importantly for gaining experience and improving skills. Naturally, they need to strike a proper balance between academic studies and extracurricular activities.
(2) No pains, no gains
Nearly every civilization has its own equivalent to the proverb “ No pains, no gains.” It means that nothing can be gained without painstaking efforts and that no knowledge or skill can be acquired without sweat or toil.
You don’t have to look very far too prove the truth of the proverb. Darwin’s great discovery was not the work of a moment but was preceded by years of patient, arduous observation. Mozart was not an accomplished pianist at the age of eight as the result of watching countless hours of TV. Nor did Edison make himself the greatest inventor in the modern world by spending his spare time on going to parties or bars. His words “Genius is 99 percent perspiration and one percent inspiration ,reveals the secret of thousands of successful men and women. All accomplishments and success come from sustained endeavor.
Although it is an old saying,“ no pains no gains” has its profound and realistic significance in our college studies. To acquire knowledge in a particular field and to attain any academic goals, great exertion and persistent effort are undoubtedly required because we all know that “No pains, no gains.”
A Letter to the President of the University
Dear Mr. President,
I am writing this letter to you to express my concern about the sports facilities on campus. I have noticed that our university has very limited resources in terms of opportunities to participate in sports, especially given that the number of students on campus is increasing every year.
As we both know, sports are very important for the sound growth of young people. If they have access to quality sports facilities, young people are able to choose a healthier lifestyle, to boost self-esteem and confidence, and to build a positive outlook and sense of achievement.
My proposal is to build a new sports area. It should be designed with soccer players, basketball players, and ping-pong players in mind. It should have a different section for each activity and be available to students all year round. I believe such facilities will meet our sporting needs.
Thank you for your reading this letter.