Paper-cutting is a unique form of Chinese folk arts with a history of 2,000 years. Paper-cutting probably originated in the Han Dynasty when paper had been invented. Since then, it has gained popularity in many parts of China. The materials and tools used for paper-cutting are simple: paper and scissors. Paper-cutting works are often made of red paper, because red is associated with happiness in traditional Chinese culture. Therefore, in festive occasions like weddings and the Spring Festival, red-colored paper-cut is a top choice for door and window decoration.
Lanterns originated from the Eastern Han Dynasty and were first mainly used for lighting. In the Tang Dynasty, people used red lanterns to celebrate a peaceful and stable life. From then on, lanterns have become popular in many parts of China. Lanterns are usually made from brightly-colored thin paper in different shapes and sizes. In traditional Chinese culture, red lanterns symbolize a happy life and a prosperous business. They are often hung up during festivals like the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival and China’s National Day. Today, you can also see red lanterns in many other areas of the world.
Lion dance, as a traditional folk performance in China, has a history of over 2,000 years. During the dance, there are two performers wearing a lion costume, with one controlling the head and the other controlling the body and the tail. They cooperate with each other skillfully and imitate various movements of a lion. Lion, as the King of the Beasts, symbolizes happiness and good fortune. Therefore, lion dance is often performed during the Spring Festival and other festivals. It may also appear in other important occasions like business openings and wedding ceremonies, which attracts many people to watch.