Directions: the challenge of starting a career after graduation

Nowadays, more and more graduates are inclined to start a career after graduation, however, considering the current employment circumstance, it is undoubtedly that setting up a business of their own would be bound to meet quite a lot of challenges.

To be specific, there proves to be a cruel reality that we cannot ignore that entrepreneurship requires some basic qualifications, including appropriate opportunities, initial capital, social resources and management ability, the majority of which, unfortunately, happens to be the student entrepreneurs’ shortage. In addition, the fiercer competition and mature market inevitably and correspondingly evolve into the emerging handicap to launch a business successfully, which present higher demand for students.

Therefore, as an undergraduate, in my own view, we should make a rational plan, accumulate related experience and build up a network before starting our own business.



News Report One


1. Set up a mobile phone net work on the moon.

2. It is stable.




A device that weighs less than 1 kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019. If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network. The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and the earth. The network is part of a mission to the moon. This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon. The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon Nine Rocket in 2019. Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon. The scientists working on the project opted to build 4G rather than the fifth generation or 5G work. This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases. This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface.

Question 1. What are scientists planning to do?

Question 2. Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission?



News Report Two


3. No injuries were yet reported.

4. Pull down the deserted shopping mall.




Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 p.m. at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church. Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries. Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire. Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again. The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002. In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing. However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds.

Question 3. What does the news item say about the fire?

Question 4. What had City Hall planned to do?



News Report Three


5. Insufficient potato supply.

6. It is afraid of the spread of disease.

7. Global warming.




Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price. This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage. Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades. Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products. “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said. Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare. Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products. Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports. It still only allows potatoes from selected US states. This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports. But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often.

Question 5. What problem is Japan facing?

Question 6. Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

Question 7. What might affect Japanese domestic produce?




Conversation One:


8. Dull

9. She takes notes.

10. It keeps her mind active.

11. It helps her better remember what she learns.




M: Mr. Brown’s lectures are so boring.

W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.

M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen. I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

W: Well, what I do is keep my pen moving.

M: What do you mean?

W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.

M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

W: Sometimes, but that’s not important. My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

M: You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

W: Yes, honestly it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read. It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate. Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I’m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud. It has a similar effect to writing by hand. It helps memorize information in a physical way.

Question 8. What does the man think of Mr. Brown’s lectures?

Question 9. What does the woman do during Mr. Brown’s lectures?

Question 10. Why does the woman draw in class?

Question 11. What does the woman say about reading out loud?



Conversation Two


12. To spend her honeymoon.

13. In memory of a princess.

14. It has walls decorated with jewels.

15. They are mostly crowded.




M: And where is this?

W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India. We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.

M: Was it romantic.

W: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child. The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.

M: Wow. That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.

W: Yes, it’s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all. It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.

M: It must have been very crowded when you were there.

W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination. So there are thousands of visitors every day.

M: Was the rest of India crowded?

W: Yes, very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.

M: What about the food?

W: The Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.

Question 12. For what purpose did the woman go to India?

Question 13. Why was the Taj Mahal built?

Question 14. What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal?

Question 15. what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities?




Passage One


16. They provide residents with the resources they need.

17. By inspiring their creativity.

18. Their number increased modestly.




A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds that Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries. For instance, around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66% say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community. Although notably just 33% say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family. A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people, and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies. As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries. Overall, 53% of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library website some 48% of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months. A modest increase from the 44% who said that in late 2015.

Question 16. What do most Americans say about local public libraries?

Question 17. How can local public libraries benefit young people?

Question 18. What does the 2016 survey show about adult library users?



Passage Two


19. It is an unusual cross breed.

20. They are as loyal as dogs.

21. They shower with them.




A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval. The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s. And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed. The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own. They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large. They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability. They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets. Some can leap about2.5 meters high from a standing position. Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs. They often learn how to open doors and cupboards. Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water. Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats, presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge, as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws.

Question 19. What do we learn about the savannah cat?

Question 20. What is characteristic of Savannah cats?

Question 21. What do some people do with their Savannah cats?



Passage Three


22. Excite but somewhat sad.

23. It depends on their parents to success.

24. Set a good example for them to follow.

25. Their home life.




When children start school for the very first time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era. This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine. But of course, this is not the start of your child’s education which in fact began at birth. Back then, you would have been your child’s most influential teachers. During this time at home, your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life. During your child’s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile. Your child will naturally copy you so it is important that you are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens. Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers. A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a third at school, a third asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday. Irrespective of the quality of a school a child’s home life is of key importance. It is the determining factor of their academic success. Your child may have started on a new journey but your work is far from finished.

Question 22. How do parents feel when their children start going to school?

Question 23. What does the passage say about children’s education?

Question 24. What should parents do for the success of their children’s education?

Question 25. What does the passage say is the key factor of children’s academic success?






26. F Damage

27. B associated

28 .M sources

29 .D constant

30 .G described

31 .E control

32 .H equals

33 .K regularly

34. I exclusively

35 .O vehicles


36-40 DBGFI 41-45 FCJEG

36. More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced

37.There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores.

38.There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses.

39. A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily.

40.Training a patient to prepare healthy fod can change their life.

41. One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patientshow to cook it.

42. Scott is nat keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time43. Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food

44.Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days.

45. Americans high rates of various illesses result from the way they eat.


46. How could california's drought crisis be solved according to some researchers?

B- By drawing water from the depths of the earth

47. What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers?

B - It was not considered worth the expense

48. What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water from deep underground?

A- The sinking of land surface

49. What does the author say about deep wells?

D- They provide a steady supply of freshwater

50 What may happen when deep aquiters are used as water sources?

C- The cost may go up due to desalination.

51. What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo's victory?

D- Computers can become highly inelilence

52. What does the author 'mean by Al machines acting ethically?

C- They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas.

53. What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age?

B- How to ensure that super- intllient AI machines act ethically.

54. What do we learn about Microsoft's 'chatbot' Taylor?

A- She could not distinguish good from bad.

55. What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence?

D- It will be here to stay whatever the outcome.




Due to the rapid development of communication network, the number of Chinese smartphone users has increased at an amazing speed in recent years, which has dramatically changed numerous peoples’ way of reading. Nowadays, they always read news and articles through smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers. The development of a large number of mobile applications enables people to read novels and other forms of literary works with their phones. Therefore, the sale of paper works has been affected. But the survey reveals that although the smartphone reading market is growing steadily, more than half of the grown-ups still enjoy reading printing books.