新概念英语第二册-Lesson 40

第一部分 WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

     

第二部分 TEXT

     Last week at a dinner party, the hostess asked me to sit next to Mrs.Rumbold. Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress. She did not even look up when I took my seat beside her. Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating. I tried to make conversation.
‘A new play is coming to “The Globe” soon,’I said. ‘Will you be seeing it?’
‘No,’she answered.
‘Will you be spending your holidays abroad this year?’I asked.
‘No,’she answered.
‘Will you be staying in England?’I asked.
‘No,’she answered.
   In despair, I asked her whether she was enjoying her dinner.
‘Young man, ’she answered,‘if you ate more and talked less, we would both enjoy our dinner!’

参考译文

    在上星期的一次宴会上, 女主人安排我坐在兰伯尔德夫人的身旁. 兰伯尔德夫人是一位身材高大、表情严肃的女人, 穿一件紧身的黑衣服. 当我在她身旁坐下来的时候, 她甚至连头都没有抬一下. 她的眼睛盯着自己的盘子, 不一会儿就忙着吃起来了. 我试图找个话题和她聊聊.
   “一出新剧要来‘环球剧场’上演了, “我说, “您去看吗?”
   “不, “她回答. “您今年去国外度假吗?” 我又问.
   “不, “她回答.
   “您就呆在英国吗?” 我问.
   “不, “她回答.
    失望之中我问她饭是否吃得满意.
   “年轻人, “她回答说, “如果你多吃点, 少说点, 我们两个都会吃得好的!”

第三部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1、Last week at a dinner party, the hostess asked me to sit next to Mrs.Rumbold.
next to:be adjacent to 与...为邻
注意:have  dinner不加 “a” , 而“at a dinner party” 中的“a” 并不修饰 “dinner” 而是 “party”

2、Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress.
large:指体积,形容人表示个子大
in (a tight black dress):穿着...

3、Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating.
one's eyes are fixed on sth.:眼睛盯着...(=fix one's eyes on sth.)
in a short time:不一会
be busy doing sth.:忙于做...

4、A new play is coming to “The Globe” soon
The Globe (theater):环球剧场,位于London的Thames旁

第四部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

虚拟语气用法

对现在的情况作出假设,所假设的情况和现在的事实相反
应用方式:If引导的条件从句中用v.的过去式,如果从句中v.为be动词,则第一/三人称后用were;主句用would+v.原形
=>'if you ate more and talked less, we would both enjoy our dinner!'
 (If引导的条件从句中用v.的过去式,表达了和事实相反的情况;主句用would+v.原形)

=>If you saw him now you wouldn't recognize him.
 (If引导的条件从句中用v.的过去式;主句用wouldn't(否定形态)+v.原形)

=>Would he get annoyed if I told him about it?
 (if I told him about it是一种虚拟的假设,表达了和事实相反的情况)

=>If I were you, I would probably tell him the truth.
 (If引导的条件从句中v.为be动词,则第一/三人称后用were;主句用would+v.原形)

=>If it were not for you, I wouldn't do this.
 (If引导的条件从句中v.为be动词,第三人称it后用were;主句用would+v.原形)

对过去的情况作出假设,所假设的情况和过去的事实相反
应用方式:If引导的条件从句中v.为过去完成时态,主句用would/could+v.的现在完成时态
=>If I had known that, I wouldn't have supported him.
 
=>He could have come if his car had not broken down on the road.

=>It would have been different if you had helped.

如需要了解其他更多语法点,请查阅HJ英语语法大全在线词典 (点击进入)


Exercises

一、中译英
1、邮局就在酒店的旁边
2、除了你妈妈之外,你最爱谁?
3、我几乎对他一无所知
4、他的眼睛紧盯着那幅画
5、他们正在忙着准备今晚的聚会

二、课文理解题

6    The writer asked questions because ______.
a. he wanted to find out about Mrs. Rumbold
b. he wanted to know if Mrs. Rumbold was going abroad
c. he wanted to be sociable
d. he always talks too much

7    Which word best describes Mrs. Rumbold? She was ______.
a. hungry
b. polite
c. rude
d. talkative

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