新概念英语第二册-Lesson 28

第一部分 WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

Jasper White                      贾斯珀.怀特
rare                                      adj.罕见的
ancient                                 adj.古代的,古老的
myth                                    n.神话故事
because of                           因为
effect                                    n.结果,效果
ugly(uglier,ugliest)             adj.难看的
Medusa                                n.美杜莎(古希腊神话中3位蛇发女怪之一)
Gorgon                                 n.蛇发女怪(古希腊神话中3位蛇发女怪之一,凡见其容貌者都会变成石头)
ancient Greek mythology 古希腊神话
                                                              

第二部分 TEXT

    Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths. he has just bought a new house in the city, but ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners. When he returns home at night, he always finds that someone has parked a car outside his gate. Because of this, he has not been able to get his own car into his garage even once. Jasper has put up 'No Parking' signs outside his gate, but these have not had any effect. Now he has put an ugly stone head over the gate. It is one of the ugliest faces I have ever seen. I asked him what it was and he told me that it was Medusa, the Gorgon. Jasper hopes that she will turn cars and their owners to stone. But none of them has been turned to stone yet!

参考译文

   贾斯珀.怀特是少有的相信古代神话的人之一. 他刚在城里买下一所新房子, 但自从搬进去后, 就和汽车及车主们发生了磨擦. 当他夜里回到家时, 总是发现有人把车停在他家大门外. 为此, 他甚至一次也没能把自己的车开进车库. 贾斯珀曾把几块 “禁止停车” 的牌子挂在大门外边, 但没有任何效果. 现在他把一个丑陋的石雕头像放在了大门上边, 这是我见过的最丑陋的头像之一. 我问他那是什么?他告诉我那是蛇发女怪美杜莎. 贾斯珀希望她把汽车和车主们都变成石头. 但到目前为止还没有一个变成石头呢!

第三部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1.Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths.
rare  adj. 罕见的
rare animal 稀有动物  rare illness 疑难杂症
who believes in ancient myths:定语从句用法
believe in:相信
(to have faith in sb. or sth.)

2....but ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners.
ever since:adv.从那时到现在,此时间状语常和现在完成时态连用
have trouble with sb./sth.:和某人/事有摩擦

3.Jasper has put up 'No Parking' signs outside his gate, but these have not had any effect.
these:指代前面提到的'No Parking' signs
have effect:有作用,有效果
have an effect 有效果
have no effect 没有效果
have effect on 对...有效果

4.It is one of the ugliest faces I have ever seen. (此句为写作经典句,建议熟练应用)
I have ever seen:定语从句,前面省略which/that

5.Jasper hopes that she will turn cars and their owners to stone.
she:指代the head of Medusa
turn...to..:把..变成...

6.But none of them has been turned to stone yet!
none of them:not any one of them 后跟谓语动词为单数形式

第四部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

定语从句用法

1)关系代词在定语从句中做主语时不能省略
Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths.(关系代词:who )
Is it your mobile phone that/which is ringing?

2)关系代词在定语从句中做宾语时可省略的情况
It is one of the ugliest faces(which/that) I have ever seen.
The book(which/that)I'm reading now is very interesting.
You are the only person (whom)I trust

四个关系代词 : who;whom;which;that
who 在从句当中做主语或做宾语
whom 只能在从句当中做宾语
which 指物, 即可以做主语, 又可以做宾语
that 即可以指物, 又可以指人, 即可以做主语, 又可以做宾语

现在完成时

构成:have/has+过去分词, Ex:
But ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners.
But none of them has been turned to stone yet!(现在完成时被动语态用法)

 

如需要了解其他更多语法点,请查阅HJ英语语法大全在线词典 (点击进入)


Exercises

一、中译英
1.我不相信他的话。
2.你信上帝吗?
3.我们信奉真理。
4.你和邻居有问题吗?
5.你有没有和警察发生过摩擦?
6.这药对病人没有任何作用。
7.咖啡对我不起任何作用
8.合同从10月1日起生效。
9.这是我读到过的最有趣的书之一
10.你不能把谎言变成真理。

二、“Let sleeping dog lie.”是什么意思?

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