来源：沪江听写酷 2013-07-10 20:00
本次全文听写。 Давай （达瓦亿)~~
a critical review
A critical review is one in which the writer describes and evaluates the book, in terms of accepted literary and historical standards, and supports this evaluation with evidence from the text. The following pointers are meant to be suggestions for writing a critical review. Firstly, basic requirements. Simply stated, the reviewer must know two things in order to write a critical review: the work being reviewed and the requirements of the genre to which the work belongs, such as a novel, short story, biography, poetry, etc. Knowledge of the work demands not only an attempt to understand what the author's purpose is and how the component parts of the work contribute to that purpose, but also some knowledge of the author. And knowledge of the genre means understanding the art form and how it functions. Then, after that we come to are the minimum essentials of a book review.
一篇批判性的书评是指作者从接受文学和历史标准的角度来描述和评价一本书，而且从文中获取证据来支持此评价。以下的要点是对写批判性的书评的一些建议。首先,基本的需求。简单地说,评论家要写一篇批判性的书评需要知道两件事：要写书评的著作以及著作所属类别,比如是小说、短篇小说、传记、或诗歌等。对著作的了解不仅要求试着理解作者的写作目的是什么,文章的各个部分是如何达成这一目的,而且要求你对作者有所了解。对著作所属类别的了解意味着你懂得艺术形式和它的功能。接下来我们来看看什么是书评所必需具备的最基本的条件。 翻译by sugarle