求职信在结构和形式上与一般信件相同,但由于求职信目的性较强,所以在内容方面有自己的独特之处。虽然求职者的个人情况不同,且所求职位各异,但求职信一般应包含以下四个部分:
一、开场白
在正文开始就应表明自己写信的原由,表达求职的愿望。求职信的第一段非常重要,它决定着用人单位是否会读完这封信,甚至是否对求职者产生兴趣。这部分应告诉对方自己是如何获悉招聘信息的,以及准备应聘何种职位。如果获得招聘的消息不是很确切,可以询问的语气毛遂自荐,并陈述自己对该公司或该职位的兴趣与向往。以下英文句式可以用来表达这部分内容:
I wish to apply for the job as an accountant you are offering in today's South Weekly.
I am very excited and delighted over the good news that you are recruiting a secretary.
On looking over today's China Daily,my attention was attracted by your advertisement for an assistant general manager.As I am desirous of obtaining such a position,I should like to apply for it.
In response to your advertisement in Wuhan Evenings for a social secretary,I tender my services for the situation.
二、自我介绍
这部分可以展示应聘者的个人背景资料。应聘者的年龄、特长、教育背景、工作经历与工作能力等应作简要介绍,这样才能让用人单位确信你具备所应聘职位的资格。如果你刚刚毕业或还未毕业,由于很少有甚至没有工作的经历,可以多介绍在校期间参加的社会实践活动。同时也可以介绍与你所应聘的工作有关的个人兴趣、爱好等。以下英文句式可以用来表达这部分内容:
I have had four years' experience with a city company as a market analyst.
Since my graduation from Trade and Economy College of Huazhong Agricultural University two years ago,I have been employed as an export staff member in a trade company.
I specialized in Human Resources Management at Huazhong Agricultural University,from which I graduated in July,2001 with highest honor.
I am able to speak English fluently and translate them rapidly into Chinese.
Being well acquainted with office work,I could make myself useful,should there be any opportunity of your requiring my services.
I have working knowledge of all common office machines,such as typewriter,word processor,fax machine,and photocopying machine.
如果是另谋职位,还应说明离职的原因,使用人单位对你过去的情况有一个直观的了解。例如:
The reason why I want to leave my present position is that the work location is too far away from the city.
I intend to give up my present post in order to get broader experience in trading.
三、推荐证明
为使用人单位对求职者的道德品质、工作表现或学习成绩有所了解,求职者应提供两到三名推荐人,以证明求职信所述内容的真实性。推荐人最好是过去的上司或求学时的老师。如果已经在个人简历中详细说明了此项,这部分可以省略,只需在附件中注明有几封推荐信即可。以下英文句式可以用来表达这部分内容:
I have some letters of recommendation from my instructors in these subjects.I should like the opportunity of showing them to you.
Concerning my character and ability,I am permitted to refer to Professor Zhang Qiancheng,who is an expert in animal husbandry.
四、结束语
在求职信的结尾部分应明确表示希望获得面试的机会,及希望得到所申请职位的强烈愿望,并留下联系方式。以下英文句式可以用来表达这部分内容:
I would be happy to come for an interview at your convenience to discuss my qualifications in person.I can be reached at 87654321 after 8 p.m.any day.
If you feel that I am suited for the job,please inform me of the time convenient for an interview.
在求职信的写作中应注意两个问题:首先,避免冗长累赘和杂乱无章,应简洁明快地进入主题,准确无误地表达求职的愿望。其次,既要避免妄自菲薄,又要避免夜郎自大,应不卑不亢、礼貌委婉地展现自己的能力和才华。