沪江网校荞麦老师:下面的这些词汇是NTGF中整理出的笔记要点,能记录下这些,70%都能填出。大家认真听过我的课,就能明白,很多都是课上反复强调的规律,比如排列、否定、比较、变化关系等,这些都是出题的重点。

crime in New York City
rising
dropping
different reasons
what caused it
tipping point
influential
contagious
change
triggers
big---small
impressed
broken windows
sensitive
environmental
invitation
vandalize
symbolises
cares, in charge, watching.
different idea
past 25 years
Conservatives
moral failure, deep, and intrinsic, hearts and souls and brains
Conservative topology,
insensitive to their environment
acutely sensitive
by making subtle changes
encourage and induce
perfect test case
clean up, complete mess
a big disciple
the first thing he does, is he picks up all the litter, the second thing he does is he cleans up the graffiti
jump a turnstile
killing, and robbing, and assaulting, and raping each other
criminality
dramatically
the message

沪江网校高级口译听力课程对笔录填空题十分重视,特别最强调严格、正规的学习步骤,包括以下几个不可或缺的环节:

1. 听录音:在笔录题目的阶段,要求基本的语音问题必须彻底解决,听录音的过程中必须能够应对弱读、连读、音变、口音等情况,把注意力转向信息,也就是message部分;
2. 选信息:笔录时必须要学会放弃,只记录有用的信息。判断的标准是课堂上反复强调和训练的那些规律,加上信息词、信号词的提示,选出最重要的信息,留在短时记忆里,比如:重复项目,排列项目,比较项目,变化项目等,不重要的信息迅速放弃;
3. 记笔记:必须利用快写符号,以最快的速度,用最少的精力写下最有效的内容。
4. 答题目:注意书写正确
5. 查答案:排除低级错误。另外,有些答案是要用原词的同根词、派生词的,这些题目往往就是在查答案的时候发现问题,或者找到思路的。要运用语法规则和上下文提示,加上课堂训练的经验,给出最适合的答案。

下面具体分析10年春季的NTGF部分:

主题的出现:
标志性表达,信号词:Let's talk about,concerned,today,mentioned

中心词重复:crime
接着很快出现了变化关系,说明问题的发展情况,rising, and rising, and rising,
突然又出现了对立面:started dropping
然后总结性地提出问题:different reasons. Different 这个词是100%要记的,不论考到还是没考到。

下文紧接着:
And I suppose there could be a number of different reasons for it, but I can't really find that anybody really knows exactly for sure what caused it
笔录时的一个基本判断:女性比男性重要,坏的比好的重要,否定的比肯定的重要(无形中显出“女子与小人难养”之意了,不好意思),所以我们只有记下了Exactly,what caused it才觉得安全。

再往后,Crime is such a fundamentally contagious thing, 其中fundamentally语气重,such预示着后面还会有结果,tipping point,contagious又一次重复。

And there was the kind of C change 既然表示变化,那就要注意了,有高点,有低点,呈现出比较了,big,small也是同样道理。

标志性表达再次出现:I'm very impressed, 重心落在了broken windows theory上面。其实课堂中提到多这类表达,理论提出人取这么个名字,用broken也是别具匠心的,因为这个词挺扎眼的,后文有重复,我们就记录之。

下文是对这一理论的介绍和解释。Invitation和vandalize 放一起,扎眼,记录下来。当然vandalize 好多同学是忘了或者索性就不认识,情有可原,能感觉出它是个坏词也有很大帮助了。

no one cares about the car, no one is in charge, no one’s watching是一组排列;
fundamentally different idea about crime than比较项目,重心在broken windows theory和再后面的Conservatives之间。这是个杠杆或者天平的感觉。
25 years 数字必须记录;
a criminal is, by definition, in the sort of Conservative topology, someone who is insensitive to their environment, right?  句中的by definition 表明这是在下定义,做判断了;insensitive是坏词,当然预示着后文会有sensitive;两者考中一个的概率极大;
Well, Kelling came along and said, well, no, no, a criminal is like all of us, someone who is acutely sensitive to what’s going on in the environment and by making subtle changes in the environment you can encourage and induce much more socially responsible behaviour. 
句中acutely sensitive to what’s going on就是回应,而记录下making subtle changes是我们的经验;

下面一段举例说明,重点是动作。

Well, in New York we had the perfect test case of that idea, perfect 语气重。
重点表达都在the first thing he does.....the second thing......and the third thing.当然同时要遵循坏词优先的规律;
He puts cops
he arrests
where people are killing, and robbing, and assaulting, and raping each other
two kinds of criminality, that the only two kinds of criminality注意重复项目,以及中心词发生词形变换了!
Turnstiles jumping and graffiti, you know, littering and graffiti, but it turns out that those were tipping points.重点是动作,排列的项目;
he subway starts to come around really quite dramatically说明发生了变化;
all of a sudden everyone gets the message 其中sudden是效果很强的一个词;
It's not a space that permits this kind of criminal behaviour.重心在criminal上面。

以上内容虽然不能说八九不离十,有了这样记录下来的东西,心里至少也不必七上八下了。我们换个角色想想,说话人想要说的重点,以及强调的手段,其实都包括在里面了。

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