Book Two Unit 8


Students will be able to:

1. grasp the main idea of the text (There’s a lot more to life than a job.)

2. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text;

3. conduct a serious of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit.

Warm-up exercises

1.How do young students and older teachers see the roles of education differently?

2.What is ‘quality of life’ and how can it be improved?

ng to the writer, what must educators prepare students for?

Background information

Macon is a city in the middle part of Georgia, U.S.A.

Robins Resident Center is a service/training center foe the U.S. Air force,which is located in Macon State College.

Associate degree is awarded to a student after he or she finishes a 2-year study at a junior college in the U.S.

Richard Wager (1813-1883) is a famous German composer and writer.

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), the son of an eminent Dublin surgeon, was among the outstanding Victorian dramatists. He is renowned for a brilliant series of domestic comedies—Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892), A Woman of No Importance (1893), and An ideal Husband (1894).

Global reading

Outline of the text

1. outcome of the survey and its further explanation (Paras. 1-8)

2. Author’s point of view: we can educate people for life as well as for a career (Para. 9)

3. Possible causes for the current situation and people’s realization of the meaning to life (Paras. 10-13)

4. The function of education in helping people gain the right understanding of life and its supporting details (Paras. 14-18)

5. Author’s suggestion as to what education can do to help the learners gain more than a job in their life (Para. 19)

Detailed reading

Words and expressions


1. following accepted rules of behavior


She has a very formal manner.


The letter was in very formal language.


2. in appearance; by name only 形式上的,名义上的

I am the formal leader of this project but the everyday management is in the hands of my assistant.



Adj.1. having a home in a place 居住的,居留的

The town's resident population is over 10,000.


ed to and working regularly for a particular organization


The film company needed a resident artist.


n.[C] a person who lives or has his/her home in a place


The local residents were angry at the lack of parking spaces.



n. 1.(pl.) subjects concerned with human culture


Susan has always been more interested in the humanities than the sciences.


[U] human beings as a whole; people 人的总称,人类

Hitler was guilty of great crimes against humanity.


[U] kind-heartedness 仁慈,仁爱,善心

For more than five years, they were denied humanity.


Ethic of a national or racial group that has a common cultural tradition


The exhibition celebrated ethnic differences.


Enroll v. become or make (sb.) a member (of sth.)


We enrolled him as member of the society.


Enrollment n.

1.[C] the number of people enrolled 注册或登记的人

Student enrollments at the university have increased steadily in recent years.


2. [U] enrolling or being enrolled 登记,注册,入会

the enrollment of five new members 五个新会员的登记

Specialize (英specialise) vi. (in) give particular attention to (a subject, product, etc.)


We went to a restaurant that specializes in Italian food.


Specialization n.[U, C] specializing 专业化,专门化

In the course I'm taking, there's no opportunity for specialization until the final year.


Render vt.


This is a reward for services rendered.


2. cause sb./sth. to be in a particular state 使得,使成

We were rendered helpless by the accident.


Contribution n. [C,U] action of giving (money, support, help or ideas) towards a particular aim or purpose; sth. given towards a particular aim or purpose


His last novel is his greatest contribution to the literature of Spain.


All contributions, no matter how small, will be much appreciated.



v.1. (make one) feel confused or slightly worried because one cannot understand sth.


We're still puzzling about how the accident could have happened.


2. (make one) think hard about sth. in order to understand it


Scientists are puzzling over the results of the research on the drug.


n.1. [C] a game or toy in which parts must be fitted together correctly, intended to amuse or exercise the mind


a crossword puzzle


2. [C] a question that is difficult to understand or answer


Their reason for doing it is still a puzzle to me.


Distinguish v.

1. recognize the difference between (people or things) 辨别,识别

The twins look so much like each other that no one can distinguish one from the other.


2. (oneself) behave or perform noticeably well 表现突出

He distinguished himself in British theatre at a very early age.


Be well off be in a good position, esp. financially


You don't need to look for another job -- you're well off where you are.

你没有必要再去找工作 -- 你现在的经济情况就相当不错了。

In the long run after a long period; in the end


My mother always told me that in the long run I would be glad I didn't give up the piano.


Typical Patterns

1. It has often been remarked that…

It has often been remarked that the saddest thing about youth is that it is wasted on the young. (L.1)

e.g. 人们常说: 时光如流水,岁月不待人。

It has often been remarked that time and tide wait for no man.

2. less +形容词+than 放在句首,主谓语倒装

Less important than ever is developing a meaningful

philosophy of life. (L.11)

e.g. 看电视不像看电影那么有趣。

Less interesting than seeing film is watching TV .

3. if only引导的虚拟语气

If only I knew then what I know now. (L.4)


4. …not dawn until…

If it is a fact that the meaning of life does not dawn until middle age, is it then not the duty of educational institutions to prepare the way for that revelation? (L.40)


e.g. 直到昨天这个可怜的人才明白了真相。

The truth didn’t ______________until yesterday. (dawn upon the truth)

5. 主句,be+ 主语+表语+ or + 表语

And we are better for our understanding of these other contributions—be they scientific or artistic. (L.46)

e.g. 不管她是对是错,我都会全力支持她。

Be she right or wrong, she will have my strong support.

The author found from a survey that nowadays some college students are more materialistic and less idealistic. Their major objective is to make money rather than pay attention to a meaningful life. Interest in some less profitable courses like teaching and humanities is on the decline while the interest in some practical courses like business and computer science is on the rise. When people reach maturity, they will come to the realization that education can prepare people for life as well as for a career. People can do much more to society than just make money. The purpose of education is not only to prepare students for a comfortable life but also to help them develop a moral sense and to have the ability to distinguish right from wrong. The author then calls on educators to meet students’ demand for a career education and at the same time to provide the latter with more insight into life.

After Reading

1. Discussion

Work in small groups and discuss the following questions.

1) Why do you come to college? (What are the reasons for you to pursue a college education?)

2) If it were possible for you to change your present major, what new major would you like to have or do you still want to stick to your old one?


1. Finish the exercises in Section A.

2. Prepare for Section B.

Section B


Students will be able to:

1. grasp the main idea

2. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text;

3. grasp the reading skill---- Distinguishing Between Facts and Opinions

Reading Skill—— Distinguishing Between Facts and Opinions

Facts are statements that tell what really happened or what really is the case. A fact can be proved or disproved with direct evidence. It is something known by actual experience or observation. For example:

Example: Interest in teaching, social service and the humanities is at a low, along with ethnic and women’s studies. On the other hand, enrollment in business programs, engineering and computer science is way up. (Para. 6, Passage A, Unit 8)

Opinions are statements of belief, judgement or feeling. They show what someone thinks or feels about a subject. Some words such as I believe, I think, in my opinion, I feel, and I suggest, say clearly that an opinion will follow. Look at the following examples:

Example: In the long run that’s what education really ought to be about. I think it can be. (Para. 17, Reading Passage A, Unit 8)

But it is not always easy to tell opinion from fact. A writer often combines the two in such a way that we do not always notice where fact ends and opinion begins. When we have a mixture of fact and opinion in a single statement, we must decide whether the main point of the sentence is essentially fact or opinion. Sometimes an opinion is presented as if it were a fact:

Example: If it is a fact that the meaning of life does not dawn until middle age, is it then not the duty of educational institutions to prepare the way for the revelation? (Para. 13, Passage A, Unit 8)

Do Exercise ⅪⅤ in the textbook:(at Page 221)

Language Points:

whether or not: (used to introduce two possibilities)

I wonder whether we should tell her or not.


motivate : vt. 1. cause to want to do sth

the reason for (sb.’s action); cause (sb.) to act in a particular wayThey are ted by a desire to help people. 他们这样做是出于想帮助人的愿望。

prospect : n 1. (pl.) chance of success

2.[C, U] possibility or strong chance of sth. happening

eg. 这场战争不大可能很快结束

The meteorological office says there is little C of rain in the near future.

A. perspective B. foresight

C. prospect D. outlook

by comparison (with): when compared (with)

The tallest buildings in London are small by comparison with those in

New York.


at large:as a whole; in general


Elementary education is an important issue that needs to be discussed by society at large.

eliminate: vt. remove or take away

A move towards healthy eating could help eliminate heart disease.


Construction vt.. build (sth.); put or fit together; form


It's an elegantly constructed theory, but I'm afraid it's not right.


Constructive adj. having a useful purpose; helpful


She criticized my writing but in a way that was very constructive — I learned a lot from her.


Swell v. 1. (cause to) become greater (使)变强,(使)增加,(使)提高

Twenty-five employees have joined the union in this month alone, swelling its number

to 110.


2.(cause sth. to) become larger (使)增大,(使)膨胀,(使)肿起

His face was swollen up with toothache.



1.(usu. the ~s or the ~ and file) ordinary members of an organization, esp. of the armed forces


The party leadership seems to be losing the support of the ranks.


2. [C, U] position higher or lower than others', showing the importance or the degree of

responsibility of the person having it; (high) social class地位,级别;(高)社会阶层

Having a large income is one of the advantages of rank.


3. [C] a row, esp. of people or things standing side by side行,列,排

In Cambridge, ranks of bikes line the streets outside the colleges.


Eliminate vt remove or take away 排除,消除,根除

A move towards healthy eating could help eliminate heart disease.


Test Yourself— Multiple Choice

For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.

1. The teacher said that the children are vigorous and have good__C___.

A. perspective B. respect

C. prospect D. prosperity

2. The poet __B___ the woman he loves to a rose.

A. contrasts B. compares

C. compels D. companies

3. The annual income of school teachers in this

place was __D________ at $900.

A. budgeted B. predicted

C. accounted D. assessed

4. We prefer to discuss the plan fully_C___ it in

practice hurriedly.

A. than put B. to put

C. rather than put D. to putting

5. My heart _A___ with pride as I watched my child win the competition.

A. swelled B. swore

C. swept D. increased

6. The _B____ problem is to unite all the members and go on with our cause.

A. principle B. principal

C. primarily D. chiefly

7. It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _A____


A. extensive B. intensive

C. expansive D. expensive

8. She _C___ great self-control when they told her the news.

A. dislike B. dispose

C. display D. disorder

9. Can we ever _A____ hunger from the world?

A. eliminate B. throw

C. stop D. prevent

10. When traveling, you are advised to take travellers’ checks, which provide a secure __D__to carrying your money in cash.

A. substitute B. preference

C. selection D. alternative