新视野大学英语1读写教程教案unit 7 Face to Face with Guns
Students will be able to:
1. grasp the main idea and the structure of the text ;
2. understand the devices developing the paraphrases and some figures of speech in the text;
3. master the key words and phrases and sentence patterns in the text;
4. conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit.
50minutes x 4 periods
Section A Face to Face with Guns
KFC: Kentucky Fried Chicken, known as KFC in the US, is the world’s most popular chicken restaurant chain. The company originated and still has its headquarters in the US. It now has more than 30,000 restaurants worldwide.
Blake's Thames: Blake, William (1757 - 1827) was an English poet and artist whose best known books of poems are Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. The quotation used in Passage A comes from the first verse of a poem called “London.”
The Thames is the main river flowing through London, and England's most important river.
1.How many things did the thieves steal from the man? What were they?
2.What saved the man’s life?
3. What is the raging river?
4.What do you think lies behind the gun violence in the American society?
5. What steps should we take to check the armed robberies in our society ?
II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Devices for Developing It
Main idea of the text ?
One night two armed young men robbed me of money, watch and even KFC. Next day, I went to look through the mug shots at the police station, affected with the impression that these young men, like a raging current, were eating at the foundations of what we had held dear.
Devices for developing it?
Main Idea of each part
Part I (para. 1)
In spite of my caution, someone attacked me.
Description of sequential actions (动作顺序法)
being cautious; scan the street before pulling in; walking out of the garage; a man emerged and put his gun at me
Part II (para.2-27)
I was robbed by two young men, losing my money, watch and chicken.
Combination of narration-
Part III (para.28-30)
Back at home, I reported the robbery to the police and they inquired into the case.
Description of sequential actions
Part IV (para.31-34)
When looking through the mug shots at the station, I began to reflect on the damages these young people have done to our society.
Description (描写法) Description of my feelings and reflections
III. Expressions & Patterns
1. face to face with
2. to scan the street and pathways for
3. to be no exception
4. to emerge from the shrub
5. to be cautious of
6. to pull into
7. as if
8. to attach to
9. to focus on
10. rather than
11. to have mercy on somebody
12. to fade down
13. to turn to
14. to get to one’s feet
15 to look through
16. be out of control
17. to eat (away) at
18. to hold dear
19. the fruits of labor
20. to seek the depths of
B. Patterns for you to use as models
Typical patterns for concurrence:
As I spoke, I set the KFC box on the planter beside the pathway…. (L. 7)
1) As sb did sth, sb/someone else did sth else.
应用： a. 警察从前门冲进大楼的时候，这群小偷从后门逃走了。
As the police were entering the building from the front entrance, the thieves escaped through the back door.
应用： b. 警察一边喊着：“不许动!”， 一边拔枪。
As he shouted: “Freeze!”, the policeman pulled out his pistol.
“Here,” I replied, extending my left arm sideways. (L. 19)
2) Sb does/did sth, doing sth else.
应用： a. 妻子一边开门，一边说她再也不回这个家了。
The wife opened the door, saying she would never return to this home.
应用： b. 父亲一边威胁着要教训他不争气的儿子，一边举起了手中的鞭子。
The father threatened to teach his shameful son a good lesson, raising the whip in his hand.
2. Typical patterns for simile:
(1) His dark eyes shone like polished glass. (L. 22)
(2) Turning those pages and studying their photographs is like flowing on a sad current … (L. 56)
1) Sb/Sth does sth like sth. 某人/某物做某事，好像/好似…一样。
Doing sth is like / just the same as (doing) sth else.做某事仿佛(做)另一件事一样。
应用： a. 她漂亮的长发从肩头垂下，好似一条黑色的瀑布。
Her beautiful long hair fell down over her shoulders like a black waterfall
Learning is like rowing upstream; you either struggle forward or drop behind.
…his arms and legs moved unexpectedly, as if attached to unseen wires. (L. 23)
2) Sb./Sth. does sth., as if …
应用： a. 她看上去似乎是冰做的。
She looked as if she were made of ice.
应用： b. 河床上遍布裂缝，像是在大声抗
The cracks are everywhere on the riverbed as if they were shouting protests against man’s greed in exploiting natural resources.
3. Typical patterns for suggestion
Presently, all we can do is look at smug shots and stick our fingers in the dam. (L. 63)
All (that) sb could/can do is (to) do sth. 某人所能做的事是……
应用： a. 作为大学生，你现在所能做的事情就是全身心地获取知识。
As a student, all you’ve got to do now at college is to put all your heart into acquiring knowledge.
应用： b. 在抗击非典的战斗中，一个普通公民所能做的就是坚守岗位，更加努力地工作。
During the battle against SARS, all an ordinary citizen could do was stick to his / her post and work harder.
The other night as I walked _____ the garage, a portly man wearing a stocking cap ________from a bush and aimed a pistol between my eyes. As I set down my KFC, I ___________ tossed my keys into a shrub. I said my money was in my wallet. He moved to _______ my trousers’ pockets. Suddenly, I was face to face with his _____ partner with _______ eyes and legs like shouted to stop _______ at them. I was trying to notice details so I could remember them.
_____, I was on the ground, guns at my neck and temple, my face digging into dirt on the ________. I felt I was going to die.
____________ they asked a question: “What is this?” It was my KFC. They grabbed the ______ chicken and ran, their footsteps fading ______ the night.
I phoned the police who called back for _________ details. __________ these two probably committed several________ in my _____________.
At the police station I looked at mug shots to try to _______ them. These photos _______ me _____ the impression of a raging current, destroying the foundations of our freedom and values.
Section B Should I Have a Gun?
Reading Skills Reading Between the Lines
Reading between the lines means drawing understanding about the author's ideas from what is written and from what is not written. Writers don't always express all their thoughts openly, either as a matter of style, or because they assume we know and share their opinions-or because they aren't sure how to express themselves.
To draw inferences about the author's ideas we have to be very careful with what is advised.
1) You have to make use of context clues, common sense and our knowledge of the world.
2) Connect ideas and draw conclusion from the reading passage.
3) Form and test what you have understood between the lines. The reading act is a two-way communication between the reader and the writer about understanding, forming ideas, testing your ideas during the reading of the passage, correcting or changing your own ideas and understanding and, finally, you are able to get what the writer is driving at or communicating.
Now here are some more examples taken from passage A.
1. “Hey,” I said, “just take it.” As I spoke, I set the KFC box on the planter beside the pathway, contriving as I did so to toss my house keys into a bush. (Para. 3, Passage A)
Question: Why did the writer toss his house keys into a bush?
Possible answer: He would not let the robbers to have his keys to the house.
2. He wasn’t stupid. I’ve seen enough criminal trials to know victims of armed attacks are seldom able to identify their offenders because their attention focuses on the guns, rather than on their users. I consciously noted details of their faces. (Para. 15, Passage A)
Question: Do you think the writer was stupid, too?
Possible answer: No. The writer was careful enough to note details of the robbers so that he could identify them later if possible.
To get the right answers to the above questions, you have to read very carefully and also make use of context clues.
Every kid should have an older brother he can look up to. I feel sorry for those kids who don’t care for their older brothers as I do mine. A boy requires understanding, protection, and a strong sense of belonging and identity. I guess Kevin was my security blanket. It wasn’t that he allowed me to follow him around puppy-style. I can’t explain it; he was just there –like the Rock of Gibraltar.
Which of the following judgments applies to Kevin?
A) He was fair but demanding.
B) He was dull and silent.
C) He was quiet and soft-hearted.
D) He was reliable and helpful.
2. The idea in the paragraph would most probably be discussed in a book dealing with ____ .
A) behavior problems
B) marriage counseling
C) family court
D) child development
3. Kevin’s behavior toward his young brother reveals ____ .
A) a good background in education
B) a patient and understanding attitude
C) a deep concern for his brother’s safety
D) a lack of friends and social life
For most students the transition from high school to college-level classes is a shock. It takes some freshmen many months to adapt to the lecture and note-taking system. Preparation for this change gives the student confidence and competence from the beginning and makes him an effective and attentive listener. Listening skills can be developed and note-taking techniques learned; together they bring order to the confusion frequently experienced by new freshmen.
The paragraph ____ .
A) mistrusts college freshmen
B) offers positive suggestions
C) encourages private education
D) recommends higher education
2. Which of the following judgments can be justified by the paragraph?
A) College entrance examinations can be upgraded.
B) The nation’s high schools are seriously understaffed.
C) Increased aid to education is necessary.
D) The number of college freshmen drop-outs can be reduced.
3. The relationship between applied study skills and academic achievement seems ____ .
A) debatable B) direct
C) unjustified D) unusual
1. The writer didn’t own a gun in the past partly because ______________________.
2. Why does the writer think what the gun is able to do frightens her more than what it may prevent?
3. The writer feels uncomfortable about the imagined robbery because _____________ .
4. While waiting to pay the cashier in a gas station, the writer feels nervous because ____________________________________.
5. Which of the following shows the writer’s feeling when she saw her friend lock the doors of the car when they saw a black man crossing the street in front of them?
6. In her imagined confrontation before her apartment, the writer feels more frightened of _____________________________.
7. Which of the following might be concluded from the passage?
8. We can understand from the passage that _____________________________________.