To account for something is to keep track of it. A person keeps records, takes notes, and maintains information. This word can be used for many different situations:
• Charles can’t account for his whereabouts last weekend.
(He can’t remember where he was. 他记不起自己上个星期在哪儿。)
• We all have to account to a higher power for our behavior.
(account to = report; explain 报告，解释)
The phrase “on account of” is very similar to “because of.”
“on account of”这个短语的意思则与“because of”非常接近，即“因为，由于”。
• The game was canceled on account of the weather.
• On account of Bob’s mismanagement of his department, the company lost millions of dollars.
• The team lost the game on account of bad coaching and the players’ loss of interest.
When this word is a noun, it refers to a record or a place for keeping money.
• Do you have a bank account?
• How do you keep track of all your accounts?
• An accountant is a person who maintains accounts for spending and income.
• Renee’s account of events did not match those of others who witnessed the accident.
A person who studies accounting in college will later become an accountant.
• Kevin works as an accountant.
• I always have an accountant do my taxes.
• Accountants are very busy during tax season.
• Maria would like to become a C.P.A. That’s a certified public accountant.
There are a few expressions that use the word “account.”
• You don’t have to do this on my account.
(It’s not necessary to do this for my benefit. 你不必为了我的缘故做这件事。)
• The teacher will hold you to account for your missed assignments.
(hold to account = to place responsibility 追究责任)
• The woman was called to account for her shoplifting.
(She was caught stealing and she was asked to explain her actions. 她偷东西被逮到，因而被要求对自己的行为做出解释。)